Sports and Games – Athletics Physical and Health Education Primary 1 First Term Lesson Notes Week 8

Subject: Physical and Health Education

Class: Primary 1

Term: First Term

Week: 8

Age: 6 years

Topic: Sports and Games – Athletics

Sub-topic: Long Distance Races

Duration: 40 minutes

Behavioural Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. State types of long-distance races.
  2. Demonstrate a long-distance race.
  3. Describe the basic activities involved in a long-distance race.
  4. Identify the safety rules in a distance race.

Key Words:

  • Long-distance races
  • Running
  • Safety rules
  • Activities

Set Induction:

Start the lesson by showing a short video or picture of a long-distance race. Ask the pupils if they have seen such races before and discuss what they observed.

Entry Behaviour:

Pupils should have a basic understanding of running and short-distance races from previous lessons.

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • Videos or pictures of long-distance races
  • Marked lanes or spaces for practice
  • Stopwatch or timer
  • Whistle

Building Background / Connection to Prior Knowledge:

Relate the lesson to their previous experience with running and short-distance races. Discuss how long-distance races are similar but require running for a longer time.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Coordination
  • Endurance
  • Understanding of safety rules

Learning Materials:

  • Visual aids (videos, pictures)
  • Marked running lanes
  • Stopwatch or timer
  • Whistle

Reference Books:

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Primary 1

Instructional Materials:

  • Videos or pictures of long-distance races
  • Marked lanes or spaces for practice
  • Stopwatch or timer
  • Whistle


Explanation of Long-Distance Races:

Long-distance races involve running for a longer time and distance. Common types include:

  1. 800 meters
  2. 1500 meters
  3. 3000 meters

Demonstration of a Long-Distance Race:

  • Demonstrate how to start, maintain a steady pace, and finish a long-distance race.

Basic Activities in Long-Distance Races:

  1. Warm-up Exercises: Important to prepare the body.
  2. Pacing: Running at a consistent speed.
  3. Breathing: Proper breathing techniques to avoid getting tired quickly.
  4. Hydration: Drinking water before and after the race.

Safety Rules in Distance Races:

  1. Warm-up Properly: To avoid injuries.
  2. Stay Hydrated: Drink water to stay hydrated.
  3. Follow the Track: Run within your lane or the designated path.
  4. Listen to Instructions: Pay attention to the coach or teacher.

Fill-in-the-Blank Questions:

  1. Long-distance races involve running for a __________ time.
    • a) short
    • b) long
    • c) quick
    • d) slow
  2. One type of long-distance race is the __________ meters.
    • a) 100
    • b) 200
    • c) 800
    • d) 50
  3. Before starting a race, you should always __________.
    • a) sleep
    • b) eat
    • c) warm-up
    • d) sit
  4. Running at a consistent speed during a race is called __________.
    • a) pacing
    • b) sprinting
    • c) jumping
    • d) stopping
  5. Drinking water before and after a race is called __________.
    • a) eating
    • b) playing
    • c) hydration
    • d) resting
  6. In a long-distance race, you should run within your __________.
    • a) house
    • b) lane
    • c) car
    • d) class
  7. Proper breathing helps you avoid getting __________ quickly.
    • a) tired
    • b) happy
    • c) strong
    • d) weak
  8. The 1500 meters race is a type of __________-distance race.
    • a) short
    • b) medium
    • c) long
    • d) quick
  9. Listening to the coach’s instructions is a __________ rule.
    • a) safety
    • b) game
    • c) fun
    • d) race
  10. To avoid injuries, always __________ properly before a race.
    • a) eat
    • b) warm-up
    • c) drink
    • d) sleep


  1. What are long-distance races? Long-distance races are races where you run for a longer distance and time.
  2. Name one type of long-distance race. The 800 meters race.
  3. Why is warming up important before a race? It helps to prepare your body and avoid injuries.
  4. What does pacing mean in a race? Pacing means running at a consistent speed.
  5. Why is it important to drink water during a race? To stay hydrated and avoid getting tired quickly.
  6. What should you do if you feel tired during a long-distance race? Slow down your pace and take deep breaths.
  7. Why should you listen to the coach’s instructions? To ensure safety and follow the rules of the race.
  8. What happens if you run out of your lane during a race? You might be disqualified or cause accidents.
  9. What is the benefit of proper breathing during a race? It helps maintain your energy and avoid getting tired quickly.
  10. How do you finish a long-distance race? By crossing the finish line at the end of the designated distance.


Step 1:

The teacher revises the previous topic on short-distance races and their benefits.

Step 2:

The teacher introduces the new topic on long-distance races, explaining the different types and basic activities involved.

Step 3:

The teacher allows the pupils to give their own contributions and corrects them when necessary.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Explain each concept clearly.
  • Demonstrate how to run a long-distance race.
  • Ensure students practice proper warm-up and running techniques.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen attentively to explanations.
  • Practice running a long-distance race in designated areas.
  • Ask questions to clarify doubts about long-distance races.


Observe how well students understand and perform a long-distance race. Provide positive feedback and corrections as needed.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. Name one type of long-distance race.
  2. What is pacing in a long-distance race?
  3. Why is warming up important before a race?
  4. How can proper breathing help during a race?
  5. What should you do to stay hydrated during a race?
  6. Why is it important to run within your lane?
  7. How do you start a long-distance race?
  8. What are the basic activities involved in a long-distance race?
  9. Name one safety rule in a distance race.
  10. How do you finish a long-distance race?


Summarize the lesson by reviewing the types of long-distance races, demonstrating proper running techniques, and emphasizing the importance of safety rules. Encourage students to practice running and stay healthy.

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