First Aid Box: Essential Items and Their Uses Social Studies Primary 4 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 8

THIRD TERM

Primary 4 Social Studies Third Term

PRIMARY 4

First Aid Basics and Emergency Hotlines

Social Studies Primary 4 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 8

Subject: Social Studies

Class: Primary 4

Term: Third Term

Week: 8

Topic: First Aid and First Aid Box

Sub-topic: Contents and Uses of a First Aid Box

Duration: 60 minutes

Behavioural Objectives

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. List the contents of a First Aid Box.
  2. Explain the uses of each item in the First Aid Box.
  3. Understand the importance of each item.

Keywords

  • First Aid
  • First Aid Box
  • Bandages
  • Antiseptic
  • Gauze
  • Thermometer

Entry Behaviour

Pupils are familiar with basic health and safety practices.

Learning Resources and Materials

  • First Aid Box (real or model)
  • Pictures of First Aid items
  • Charts showing uses of First Aid items
  • Lagos State Scheme of Work
  • Textbooks
  • Whiteboard and markers

Building Background / Connection to Prior Knowledge

Ask pupils if they have seen a First Aid Box before and what items they think are inside it.

Embedded Core Skills

  • Critical thinking
  • Observation
  • Communication

Instructional Materials

  • Real or model First Aid Box
  • Flashcards with pictures and names of First Aid items
  • Charts explaining the uses of each item

Content

First Aid Box Contents and Uses

1. List the Contents of a First Aid Box

  1. Bandages 🩹
  2. Plasters
  3. Antiseptic wipes
  4. Scissors ✂️
  5. Tweezers
  6. Cotton wool
  7. Safety pins
  8. Gloves 🧤
  9. Pain relief tablets
  10. Adhesive tape
  11. Thermometer 🌡️
  12. Gauze pads
  13. Eye wash solution 👁️
  14. Burn ointment

2. Explain the Uses of Each Content

  1. Bandages 🩹
    • Use: To cover and protect wounds.
    • Example: Wrap around a cut to stop bleeding.
  2. Plasters
    • Use: To cover small cuts and blisters.
    • Example: Stick on a scraped knee.
  3. Antiseptic Wipes
    • Use: To clean wounds and prevent infection.
    • Example: Wipe a cut before bandaging.
  4. Scissors ✂️
    • Use: To cut bandages or tape.
    • Example: Cut a bandage to the right size.
  5. Tweezers
    • Use: To remove splinters or small objects from skin.
    • Example: Pull out a thorn from a finger.
  6. Cotton Wool
    • Use: To apply antiseptic or clean wounds.
    • Example: Dab antiseptic on a cut.
  7. Safety Pins
    • Use: To secure bandages.
    • Example: Pin a bandage in place.
  8. Gloves 🧤
    • Use: To keep hands clean and protect from infection.
    • Example: Wear gloves when treating a wound.
  9. Pain Relief Tablets
    • Use: To relieve pain and reduce fever.
    • Example: Take for a headache or minor injury.
  10. Adhesive Tape
    • Use: To secure bandages or gauze.
    • Example: Tape a bandage around a wound.
  11. Thermometer 🌡️
    • Use: To check body temperature.
    • Example: Measure if someone has a fever.
  12. Gauze Pads
    • Use: To cover large wounds and absorb blood.
    • Example: Place on a big cut to stop bleeding.
  13. Eye Wash Solution 👁️
    • Use: To rinse out eyes.
    • Example: Wash eyes if something gets in them.
  14. Burn Ointment
    • Use: To treat minor burns.
    • Example: Apply to a small burn from touching something hot.

Questions on First Aid Box Contents and Uses

  1. The main purpose of a bandage is to ______. a) Play with b) Cover wounds c) Clean windows d) Make crafts
  2. Plasters are used to cover ______. a) Big burns b) Small cuts c) Broken bones d) Hair
  3. ______ wipes are used to clean wounds. a) Water b) Antiseptic c) Juice d) Soap
  4. Scissors in a First Aid box are used to ______. a) Cut paper b) Cut bandages c) Draw d) Paint
  5. To remove a splinter, you would use ______. a) Scissors b) Tweezers c) Cotton wool d) Gloves
  6. Cotton wool is used to apply ______ to wounds. a) Water b) Antiseptic c) Food d) Paint
  7. Safety pins help to ______ bandages. a) Tie b) Decorate c) Secure d) Remove
  8. Gloves are worn to keep hands ______. a) Warm b) Clean c) Dry d) Wet
  9. Pain relief tablets help to reduce ______. a) Hunger b) Pain c) Sleep d) Noise
  10. Adhesive tape is used to ______ bandages. a) Paint b) Stick c) Break d) Cut
  11. A thermometer is used to check ______. a) Height b) Temperature c) Weight d) Speed
  12. Gauze pads are used to cover ______ wounds. a) Small b) Large c) Tiny d) Fake
  13. Eye wash solution is used to rinse out ______. a) Ears b) Nose c) Eyes d) Mouth
  14. Burn ointment is used to treat ______. a) Cuts b) Bruises c) Burns d) Bites
  15. The main use of antiseptic wipes is to prevent ______. a) Infections b) Fun c) Games d) Sleep

First Aid Box Contents and Uses

1. List the Contents of a First Aid Box

  1. Bandages
  2. Plasters
  3. Antiseptic wipes
  4. Scissors
  5. Tweezers
  6. Cotton wool
  7. Safety pins
  8. Gloves
  9. Pain relief tablets
  10. Adhesive tape
  11. Thermometer
  12. Gauze pads
  13. Eye wash solution
  14. Burn ointment

2. Explain the Uses of Each Content

  1. Bandages:
    • Use: To cover and protect wounds.
  2. Plasters:
    • Use: To cover small cuts and blisters.
  3. Antiseptic Wipes:
    • Use: To clean wounds and prevent infection.
  4. Scissors:
    • Use: To cut bandages or tape.
  5. Tweezers:
    • Use: To remove splinters or small objects from skin.
  6. Cotton Wool:
    • Use: To apply antiseptic or clean wounds.
  7. Safety Pins:
    • Use: To secure bandages.
  8. Gloves:
    • Use: To keep hands clean and protect from infection.
  9. Pain Relief Tablets:
    • Use: To relieve pain and reduce fever.
  10. Adhesive Tape:
    • Use: To secure bandages or gauze.
  11. Thermometer:
    • Use: To check body temperature.
  12. Gauze Pads:
    • Use: To cover large wounds and absorb blood.
  13. Eye Wash Solution:
    • Use: To rinse out eyes.
  14. Burn Ointment:
    • Use: To treat minor burns.

Questions with Answers

  1. Q: What is a bandage used for?
    • A: To cover and protect wounds.
  2. Q: What do you use plasters for?
    • A: To cover small cuts and blisters.
  3. Q: Why do we need antiseptic wipes?
    • A: To clean wounds and prevent infection.
  4. Q: What are scissors used for in a First Aid Box?
    • A: To cut bandages or tape.
  5. Q: What can tweezers help you do?
    • A: To remove splinters or small objects from skin.
  6. Q: How do you use cotton wool in First Aid?
    • A: To apply antiseptic or clean wounds.
  7. Q: Why are safety pins important in First Aid?
    • A: To secure bandages.
  8. Q: What is the purpose of gloves in a First Aid Box?
    • A: To keep hands clean and protect from infection.
  9. Q: What do pain relief tablets do?
    • A: To relieve pain and reduce fever.
  10. Q: How is adhesive tape used in First Aid?
    • A: To secure bandages or gauze.
  11. Q: What does a thermometer check?
    • A: To check body temperature.
  12. Q: What are gauze pads used for?
    • A: To cover large wounds and absorb blood.
  13. Q: How do you use an eye wash solution?
    • A: To rinse out eyes.
  14. Q: When do you use burn ointment?
    • A: To treat minor burns.
  15. Q: Why is it important to have a First Aid Box?
    • A: To be prepared for emergencies and help treat injuries quickly.

Presentation

Step 1: Revising the Previous Topic

  • The teacher revises the previous topic on road safety and the role of security agents during accidents.
  • Ask a few pupils to share what they remember about road safety.

Step 2: Introducing the New Topic

  • The teacher shows the pupils a First Aid Box and explains that today they will learn about its contents and uses.
  • Write the topic on the board: “First Aid and First Aid Box.”

Step 3: Listing Contents of a First Aid Box

  • The teacher lists the contents on the board while showing real items or pictures.
    1. Bandages
    2. Plasters
    3. Antiseptic wipes
    4. Scissors
    5. Tweezers
    6. Cotton wool
    7. Safety pins
    8. Gloves
    9. Pain relief tablets
    10. Adhesive tape
    11. Thermometer
    12. Gauze pads
    13. Eye wash solution
    14. Burn ointment

Step 4: Explaining the Uses of Each Item

  • The teacher explains the use of each item with examples and simple terms:
    1. Bandages: To cover and protect wounds.
    2. Plasters: To cover small cuts and blisters.
    3. Antiseptic Wipes: To clean wounds and prevent infection.
    4. Scissors: To cut bandages or tape.
    5. Tweezers: To remove splinters or small objects from the skin.
    6. Cotton Wool: To apply antiseptic or clean wounds.
    7. Safety Pins: To secure bandages.
    8. Gloves: To keep hands clean and protect from infection.
    9. Pain Relief Tablets: To relieve pain and reduce fever.
    10. Adhesive Tape: To secure bandages or gauze.
    11. Thermometer: To check body temperature.
    12. Gauze Pads: To cover large wounds and absorb blood.
    13. Eye Wash Solution: To rinse out eyes.
    14. Burn Ointment: To treat minor burns.

Step 5: Pupil Contributions and Corrections

  • The teacher asks pupils to mention any other items they think might be in a First Aid Box and their uses.
  • The teacher corrects any wrong answers and provides further explanations as needed.

Teacher’s Activities

  • Demonstrate the use of each item.
  • Guide pupils in discussing the importance of a First Aid Box.
  • Ensure active participation from all pupils.

Learners Activities

  • Listen attentively.
  • Participate in listing and explaining the items.
  • Ask questions and share personal experiences related to First Aid.

Assessment

  • Ask pupils to list at least five items from the First Aid Box and their uses.
  • Pupils will complete a matching activity where they match First Aid items to their uses.

Evaluation Questions

  1. What is a bandage used for?
  2. What do you use plasters for?
  3. Why do we need antiseptic wipes?
  4. What are scissors used for in a First Aid Box?
  5. How do you use tweezers?
  6. What is the use of cotton wool?
  7. Why are safety pins important?
  8. What is the purpose of gloves?
  9. What do pain relief tablets do?
  10. How is adhesive tape used?
  11. What does a thermometer check?
  12. What are gauze pads used for?
  13. How do you use an eye wash solution?
  14. When do you use burn ointment?
  15. Why is it important to have a First Aid Box?

Conclusion

  • The teacher summarizes the lesson and emphasizes the importance of knowing how to use a First Aid Box.
  • The teacher goes around to mark pupils’ work and provide feedback
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