Learning About First Aid for Emergencies! ūüöĎ Physical and Health Education Primary 2 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 8 & 9

Subject: Physical and Health Education

Class: Primary 2

Term: Third Term

Week: 8 & 9

Topic: First Aid

Sub-topic: Conditions that require first aid treatment

Duration: 40 minutes

Behavioural Objectives:

  • By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:
    • Identify more conditions that require first aid treatment.
    • Describe how to treat these conditions.

Key Words: First aid, conditions, treatment, emergencies.

Entry Behaviour: Pupils have learned basic first aid and its importance in previous lessons.

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • First aid kit (bandages, gauze, antiseptic wipes, tweezers, ice pack).
  • Pictures of various conditions requiring first aid (sprains, head injuries, insect bites, choking, bruises, etc.).
  • Reference books (e.g., Lagos State Scheme of Work).

Building Background/Connection to Prior Knowledge:

  • Discuss the basic first aid and its importance in helping someone who is hurt.

Embedded Core Skills: Safety awareness, communication, problem-solving.

Learning Materials:

  • First aid kit with basic supplies.
  • Pictures of different conditions that require first aid treatment.

Instructional Materials:

  • First aid kit.
  • Pictures of conditions requiring first aid treatment.

Content:

Hello, class! Let‚Äôs continue learning about first aid and talk about more conditions that require first aid treatment. ūüėä

  1. Sprains:
    • A sprain happens when you twist a joint, like your ankle or wrist.
    • The area may swell and hurt.
    • To treat a sprain, rest the area, apply ice, and keep it raised.
  2. Insect Bites:
    • When an insect, like a mosquito, bites you, it can cause redness and itching.
    • Wash the area with soap and water.
    • Apply an anti-itch cream or cold pack to help.
  3. Head Injuries:
    • Bumping your head can cause pain, dizziness, or a bump on your head.
    • Rest and put ice on the bump.
    • If you feel very dizzy, tell an adult.
  4. Poisoning:
    • Eating or drinking something harmful, like certain plants or chemicals.
    • If you think someone has been poisoned, call for help right away.
  5. Choking:
    • When food or an object gets stuck in your throat, it can be hard to breathe.
    • If someone is choking, ask for help and do the Heimlich maneuver if trained.
  6. Electric Shocks:
    • When you touch something with electricity, like a broken wire, you can get shocked.
    • Move away from the source of electricity.
    • Call for help if needed.
  7. Allergic Reactions:
    • Some people are allergic to foods, animals, or plants.
    • An allergic reaction can cause swelling, itching, or trouble breathing.
    • If you see signs of an allergic reaction, tell an adult right away.

These are more conditions that require first aid treatment. Remember to ask for help if you are not sure what to do. Stay safe, class! ūüėä

Third Term Mid Term Test Physical and Health Education Primary 2 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 7

  1. Conditions That Require First Aid Treatment:
    • Sprains: Sprains happen when a joint is twisted, like an ankle or wrist.
    • Insect Bites: Insect bites cause redness, swelling, and itching.
    • Choking: Choking happens when food or objects block the throat.
    • Head Injuries: Bumping the head can cause pain and dizziness.
    • Bruises: Bruises happen when you bump into something.
    • Poisoning: Poisoning occurs when someone ingests something harmful.
    • Allergic Reactions: Allergic reactions can cause itching, swelling, or breathing problems.
  2. How to Treat These Conditions:
    • Sprains: Rest the area, apply ice, and elevate the limb.
    • Insect Bites: Wash with soap and water, apply anti-itch cream.
    • Choking: Call for help and perform the Heimlich maneuver if trained.
    • Head Injuries: Rest, apply ice to the bump, and tell an adult if dizziness occurs.
    • Bruises: Apply ice to reduce swelling.
    • Poisoning: Call for help immediately.
    • Allergic Reactions: Call for help and give antihistamines if necessary.

Class Activity Discussion :

  1. What is a sprain?
    • A sprain is when you twist a joint, like an ankle or wrist.
  2. How do you treat a sprain?
    • Rest the area, put ice on it, and keep it raised.
  3. What is an insect bite?
    • It‚Äôs when an insect bites you and causes redness and itching.
  4. How do you treat an insect bite?
    • Wash the bite with soap and water, and use anti-itch cream.
  5. What do you do for a head injury?
    • Rest and put ice on the bump. If you feel very dizzy, tell an adult.
  6. What is poisoning?
    • It‚Äôs when someone eats or drinks something harmful.
  7. What should you do for poisoning?
    • Call for help right away.
  8. What is choking?
    • Choking happens when food or an object blocks your throat.
  9. What should you do if someone is choking?
    • Call for help and ask for someone trained in first aid.
  10. What is an electric shock?
    • It‚Äôs when you touch something with electricity, like a broken wire.
  11. How do you treat an electric shock?
    • Move away from the source of electricity and call for help.
  12. What is an allergic reaction?
    • It‚Äôs when someone reacts to something, like food, and gets sick.
  13. What should you do for an allergic reaction?
    • Call for help right away, especially if they have trouble breathing.
  14. What do you do for a toothache?
    • Rinse your mouth with warm saltwater and see a dentist.
  15. What do you do if someone falls and can’t move?
    • Call for help and tell them to stay still.

Evaluation :

  1. If you have a toothache, you can rinse your mouth with ______ water.
    • a) cold
    • b) warm
    • c) hot
    • d) dirty
  2. When someone falls and cannot move, you should ______.
    • a) ask them to stand up
    • b) call for help
    • c) push them
    • d) tickle them
  3. A sprain is treated by resting the area and applying ______.
    • a) dirt
    • b) ice
    • c) hot water
    • d) sugar
  4. An insect bite can be treated by washing with ______ and water.
    • a) honey
    • b) salt
    • c) soap
    • d) flour
  5. A head injury may require you to put ______ on the bump.
    • a) ice
    • b) warm cloth
    • c) a hat
    • d) a leaf
  6. If someone is choking, you should call for ______.
    • a) water
    • b) an adult
    • c) a child
    • d) a toy
  7. Allergic reactions may cause ______.
    • a) laughter
    • b) happiness
    • c) itching
    • d) running
  8. If someone is having an allergic reaction, you should ______.
    • a) give them more of what they are allergic to
    • b) call for help right away
    • c) ignore it
    • d) tell them a joke
  9. When someone is poisoned, you should call for ______.
    • a) help
    • b) more poison
    • c) an animal
    • d) food
  10. If you touch something hot and get burned, you should run ______ water over it.
    • a) dirty
    • b) cold
    • c) hot
    • d) salty
  11. For a bee sting, you should put ______ on it.
    • a) salt
    • b) cold water
    • c) ice
    • d) a hot cloth
  12. If you have a bruise, you can use ______ to help the swelling.
    • a) ice
    • b) hot water
    • c) a blanket
    • d) a fan
  13. When someone gets an electric shock, you should move them away from the ______.
    • a) pillow
    • b) electricity
    • c) bed
    • d) couch
  14. If you have a cut, you should wash it with clean ______.
    • a) water
    • b) juice
    • c) milk
    • d) honey
  15. You can treat an insect bite by putting ______ on it.
    • a) mud
    • b) soap
    • c) cold water
    • d) ice

Presentation:

Step 1: The teacher revises the previous topic: Go over basic first aid and its importance. Third Term Mid Term Test Physical and Health Education Primary 2 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 7

Step 2: The teacher introduces the new topic: Talk about other conditions that require first aid treatment.

Step 3: The teacher allows the pupils to give their own contributions and corrects them when necessary:

  • Ask students to identify conditions that may require first aid treatment.
  • Show pictures of different conditions and discuss how to treat them.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Explain the different conditions that may require first aid.
  • Demonstrate how to treat each condition using the first aid kit and pictures.
  • Use practical examples and simple explanations for the students.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen to the teacher‚Äôs explanations.
  • Participate in discussions about conditions requiring first aid treatment.
  • Practice treating different conditions under teacher supervision.

Assessment:

  • Ask students questions about how to treat different conditions.
  • Observe students as they practice first aid techniques.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What do you do if someone has a sprained ankle?
  2. How do you treat an insect bite?
  3. What should you do if someone is choking?
  4. How can you help someone with a head injury?
  5. What do you do if someone is poisoned?
  6. How do you treat a bruise?
  7. What do you do if someone is having an allergic reaction?
  8. What should you do if someone is stung by a bee?
  9. How do you treat a nosebleed?
  10. What do you do if someone faints?

Conclusion: The teacher goes around the class to mark students’ work and provide feedback. Remind students of the importance of first aid and staying safe.

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