Washing Clothes: Materials and Steps Home Economics Primary 3 Second Term Lesson Notes Week 7

Subject: Home Economics
Class: Primary 3
Term: Second Term
Week: Week 7
Topic: Washing Clothes: Materials and Steps
Duration: 45 minutes

Entry Behaviour: Students should be able to identify basic clothing items and understand the importance of keeping clothes clean.

Key Words: Washing clothes, materials, steps, soap, detergent, scrubbing, drying.

Behavioural Objectives: By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

  1. List the materials needed for washing clothes.
  2. Explain the practical steps involved in washing clothes.
  3. Demonstrate basic skills for washing clothes.

Embedded Core Skills: Observation, communication, hygiene practices.

Learning Materials:

  • Pictures showing washing materials and steps.
  • Examples of soap, detergent, bucket, scrubbing brush, clothesline.
  • Reference books: Lagos State Scheme of Work, Computer Studies Textbook Book 3.

Content:

Materials needed for Washing Clothes:

  1. Water: Used to wet the clothes and help clean them. ūüíß
  2. Soap or Detergent: Helps remove dirt and stains from clothes. ūüßľ
  3. Bucket or Basin: Container to hold water and soap for washing clothes. ūü™£
  4. Scrubbing Brush or Sponge: Used to scrub clothes and remove stubborn stains. ūüßĹ
  5. Clothesline: Used to hang clothes for drying after washing. ūüßļ
  6. Clothes Pegs: Used to secure clothes to the clothesline. ūü™Ě

Practical Steps or Demonstrations Involved in Washing Clothes:

  1. Sorting Clothes: Separate clothes by color and fabric type before washing. ūüĎöūüĎĖ
    • Example: Put white clothes in one pile and colored clothes in another pile.
  2. Pre-treating Stains: Apply soap or detergent directly to stains and gently rub with a brush or sponge. ūüßľūü©Ļ
    • Example: Rub soap on a ketchup stain on a shirt before washing.
  3. Filling the Bucket with Water: Fill the bucket or basin with water, not too hot or cold. ūüĆä
    • Example: Use a cup to pour water into the bucket until it‚Äôs halfway full.
  4. Adding Soap or Detergent: Put a small amount of soap or detergent into the water and mix well. ūüßī
    • Example: Add a tablespoon of detergent to the water and stir with your hand.
  5. Soaking Clothes: Put clothes into the soapy water and let them soak for a few minutes. ‚Źį
    • Example: Put all the dirty socks into the soapy water and leave them for 5 minutes.
  6. Scrubbing Clothes: Use a scrubbing brush or sponge to scrub each piece of clothing, focusing on dirty areas. ūüßľūüßĹ
    • Example: Scrub the collar of a shirt to remove dirt and sweat.
  7. Rinsing Clothes: Rinse each piece of clothing thoroughly in clean water to remove soap. ūüí¶
    • Example: Hold the shirt under running water and squeeze out the soap until it‚Äôs clean.
  8. Wringing Clothes: Squeeze out excess water from clothes before hanging them to dry. ūüĆÄ
    • Example: Twist the shirt tightly to remove as much water as possible.
  9. Hanging Clothes: Hang clothes on a clothesline using clothes pegs, spacing them out evenly. ūü™Ě
    • Example: Hang the shirt by the shoulders and secure it with pegs on the line.
  10. Drying Clothes: Leave clothes to dry in the sun or a well-ventilated area until completely dry. ‚ėÄÔłŹ
    • Example: Leave the clothes on the line for a few hours until they are dry and ready to wear.

Discussion :

  1. What do we need to wash clothes?
    • We need water, soap or detergent, a bucket or basin, a scrubbing brush or sponge, a clothesline, and clothes pegs.
  2. Why do we use soap or detergent when washing clothes?
    • Soap or detergent helps remove dirt and stains from clothes to make them clean.
  3. How do we pre-treat stains on clothes?
    • We apply soap or detergent directly to stains and gently rub with a brush or sponge before washing.
  4. What should we do before washing clothes?
    • We should sort clothes by color and fabric type and pre-treat any stains.
  5. How do we soak clothes before washing?
    • We put clothes into soapy water and let them soak for a few minutes to loosen dirt.
  6. Why is it important to rinse clothes after washing?
    • Rinsing clothes removes soap or detergent from them to make them clean and fresh.
  7. How do we dry clothes after washing?
    • We wring out excess water and hang clothes on a clothesline to dry in the sun or a well-ventilated area.
  8. Can we wash all clothes together?
    • No, we should separate clothes by color and fabric type before washing to prevent color bleeding and damage.
  9. How long does it take for clothes to dry after washing?
    • It depends on the weather and fabric, but clothes usually dry within a few hours when hung outside in the sun.
  10. What should we do if clothes are still dirty after washing?
    • We can re-wash them or try pre-treating stains again before washing.

Evaluation :

  1. What do we need to wash clothes? a) Water, soap, bucket b) Food, toys, books c) Clothes, shoes, hats d) Pencils, paper, erasers
  2. Why do we use soap or detergent when washing clothes? a) To make them dirty b) To remove dirt and stains c) To make them colorful d) To make them smell bad
  3. How do we pre-treat stains on clothes? a) Apply soap or detergent directly b) Throw them away c) Leave them on the floor d) Ignore them
  4. What should we do before washing clothes? a) Sort them by color and fabric type b) Leave them outside c) Wear them again d) Play with them
  5. Why is it important to rinse clothes after washing? a) To remove soap or detergent b) To make them dirty c) To make them wet d) To make them smelly
  6. How do we dry clothes after washing? a) Hang them on a clothesline b) Eat them c) Throw them away d) Leave them on the floor
  7. Can we wash all clothes together? a) No, we should separate them by color and fabric b) Yes, we can wash them all together c) No, we should leave them dirty d) Yes, we should wash them with food
  8. How long does it take for clothes to dry after washing? a) A few hours b) A few days c) A few minutes d) Forever
  9. What should we do if clothes are still dirty after washing? a) Re-wash them or try pre-treating stains again b) Throw them away c) Wear them dirty d) Ignore them
  10. What is used to scrub clothes and remove stubborn stains? a) Scrubbing brush or sponge b) Pillow or blanket c) Plate or cup d) Pencil or eraser
  11. What helps remove dirt and stains from clothes? a) Soap or detergent b) Food or drinks c) Toys or games d) Shoes or hats
  12. What do we need to hang clothes for drying after washing? a) Clothesline and clothes pegs b) Bucket and sponge c) Towel and soap d) Book and pen
  13. Why should we separate clothes before washing? a) To prevent color bleeding and damage b) To make them dirty c) To mix them together d) To wear them wet
  14. How do we make clothes clean and fresh after washing? a) By rinsing them thoroughly b) By leaving them dirty c) By eating them d) By hiding them
  15. What should we do if clothes are still wet after washing? a) Hang them to dry for longer b) Wear them wet c) Throw them away d) Ignore them

Presentation :

  1. Revision:
  2. Introduction of New Topic:
    • The teacher introduces the new topic by showing pictures of washing materials and steps.
    • The teacher explains that today‚Äôs lesson is about washing clothes and the materials and steps involved.
  3. Teacher’s Activities:
    • The teacher lists the materials needed for washing clothes, such as water, soap, bucket, and scrubbing brush.
    • The teacher explains each step of washing clothes, including sorting, pre-treating stains, soaking, scrubbing, rinsing, wringing, and drying.
    • The teacher demonstrates practical steps for washing clothes using visual aids.
  4. Learners Activities:
    • Students participate in discussions about the materials needed and steps involved in washing clothes.
    • Students practice sorting clothes by color and fabric type and pre-treating stains with soap or detergent.
    • Students demonstrate washing clothes using a bucket and scrubbing brush.

Assessment:

  • The teacher assesses students‚Äô understanding by asking questions during the lesson.
  • The teacher observes students‚Äô participation and engagement.
  • The teacher evaluates students‚Äô ability to demonstrate basic skills for washing clothes.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What are three materials needed for washing clothes?
  2. Why is it important to sort clothes before washing?
  3. How do we pre-treat stains on clothes?
  4. What is used to scrub clothes and remove stubborn stains?
  5. Why should we rinse clothes after washing?
  6. How do we dry clothes after washing?
  7. Can we wash all clothes together?
  8. How long does it take for clothes to dry after washing?
  9. What should we do if clothes are still dirty after washing?
  10. Why is it important to wash our clothes regularly?

Conclusion:

  • The teacher goes round to mark students‚Äô understanding and address any misconceptions.
  • The teacher emphasizes the importance of practicing good hygiene habits and keeping clothes clean for health and comfort.
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