Henri Fayol’s principles of management

Henri Fayol is known for his principles of management, which are often summarized as the “14 Principles of Management.” These principles provide a framework for effective management in organizations:

  1. Division of Work: Work should be divided among individuals and groups to improve efficiency.
  2. Authority and Responsibility: Managers should have the authority to give orders, but they should also be accountable for their decisions.
  3. Discipline: Employees should follow established rules and procedures.
  4. Unity of Command: Each employee should have only one direct supervisor to avoid confusion and conflicts.
  5. Unity of Direction: Organizational activities should be guided by a single plan to achieve common goals.
  6. Subordination of Individual Interests to the General Interest: The interests of the organization should take precedence over individual interests.
  7. Remuneration: Employees should receive fair compensation for their work.
  8. Centralization: The extent to which decision-making authority is concentrated at the top should be determined by factors like the organization’s size and complexity.
  9. Scalar Chain: There should be a clear chain of command from the top to the bottom of the organization.
  10. Order: Resources and personnel should be arranged in the most efficient manner.
  11. Equity: Managers should be fair and just in their dealings with employees.
  12. Stability of Tenure of Personnel: Employee turnover should be minimized to maintain stability and efficiency.
  13. Initiative: Employees should be encouraged to take initiative and be creative.
  14. Esprit de Corps: Promote a sense of unity and teamwork among employees.

Fayol’s principles laid the foundation for modern management theory and practice and are still considered relevant in today’s organizational management.



1. Henri Fayol believed that dividing ___________ among people can make things work better.
a) tasks
b) problems
c) money
d) ideas

2. Managers should have the power to give orders and also be responsible for their decisions. This is called ___________.
a) teamwork
b) authority and responsibility
c) discipline
d) unity of command

3. Employees should follow ___________ rules and procedures.
a) specific
b) established
c) creative
d) complicated

4. To avoid confusion, each employee should have only one ___________ boss.
a) direct
b) kind
c) friendly
d) challenging

5. Organizational activities should follow one plan to reach ___________ goals.
a) individual
b) personal
c) common
d) different

6. In the workplace, the organization’s interests should come before ___________ interests.
a) personal
b) family
c) government
d) financial

7. Workers should receive ___________ pay for their work.
a) extra
b) fair
c) no
d) lower

8. The level of decision-making power at the top depends on the organization’s ___________ and complexity.
a) size
b) color
c) location
d) reputation

9. There should be a clear ___________ from the top to the bottom of the organization.
a) ladder
b) chain of command
c) rope
d) fence

10. Resources and people should be arranged in the ___________ way to save time and effort.
a) easiest
b) most complicated
c) most creative
d) most efficient

11. Managers should treat employees in a ___________ and just way.
a) unfair
b) strict
c) fair
d) biased

12. To maintain stability and efficiency, employee ___________ should be minimized.
a) promotions
b) evaluations
c) turnover
d) vacations

13. Employees should be encouraged to take ___________ and come up with new ideas.
a) risks
b) breaks
c) initiative
d) vacations

14. Promote a sense of ___________ and teamwork among employees.
a) competition
b) unity
c) rivalry
d) individualism

15. Henri Fayol’s principles provided a foundation for modern ___________ practices.
a) business
b) management
c) marketing
d) creativity

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