Justify the inclusion of philosophy of education in teacher education programme.
The reasons for the inclusion of Philosophy of Education in the teacher Education Programme are;
A. Philosophy involves personal critical thinking rather than taking statements and
recommendations from others for granted. In this way, it helps the teacher become
more aware of the implications of the various issues involved in education.
B. Philosophy gives more weight to validity or soundness of an argument rather than to the authority of the person arguing the case, it encourages the teacher to look at educational problems more critically, clearing them of the confusions that personal interests, prejudices and emotions usually introduce to educational discussions.
C. Philosophy has a humbling effect on those who pursue it, in that it forces one to keep an open mind on any subject, since new evidence may render one’s previous opinion less tenable. This humble attribute enables us to keep on learning even from our students and stops us from arrogating all knowledge and wisdom to ourselves.
D. Philosophy of education helps at higher level of policy making and goal-setting for education. It increases the ability of the teacher to influence educational policies under which he operates, since by engaging in theoretical discussions of educational issues, he himself can offer alternatives for action. He will no longer be at the receiving end of the educational policies formulated by others. He will now be cooperating with others to formulate more adequate policies, which he will implement in the classroom.
E. The study of philosophy of education enables teachers to appraise their progress and shortcomings, against the background of the aims and objectives of an educational programme. This shows that any activity, which has no philosophy. cannot be appraised as a success or a failure. It also helps educators to know their work and therefore do it better.
Explain the concept of aesthetics as a component of axiology. How does it attempt to evaluate criteria of beauty in works of art?
A. The philosophy of education encourages critical thinking, fostering a mindset where teachers don’t accept statements and recommendations blindly. Instead, it prompts them to analyze the implications of various educational issues. For instance, when considering teaching methods, a teacher might critically assess whether a certain approach suits their students’ learning styles and the overall classroom environment.
B. Philosophy prioritizes the strength of arguments over the authority of the person making them. This approach encourages teachers to scrutinize educational problems thoughtfully, sifting out personal biases and emotions that can cloud discussions. Imagine a teacher debating the merits of implementing technology in the classroom – philosophy empowers them to objectively assess the benefits and drawbacks before reaching a conclusion.
C. Engaging with philosophy cultivates humility by prompting individuals to remain open-minded. As educators, this quality is invaluable, as it reminds us that new evidence can challenge our existing beliefs. This openness to learning ensures that we’re receptive to insights from our students and peers, preventing us from claiming a monopoly on knowledge.
D. Philosophy of education equips teachers to contribute to policy-making and goal-setting at higher levels. By participating in theoretical discussions, teachers can propose alternative courses of action, transforming them from passive recipients of policies into active collaborators in shaping educational direction. This involvement empowers teachers to implement policies they’ve helped formulate.
E. Studying the philosophy of education enables teachers to evaluate their progress against the backdrop of educational objectives. This assessment is vital for gauging the success or shortcomings of educational activities. For instance, when reflecting on a project-based learning initiative, teachers can gauge its effectiveness in achieving the intended educational outcomes.
In conclusion, the philosophy of education serves as a cornerstone in teacher education. It equips educators with critical thinking skills, fosters objectivity, instills humility, empowers them in policy-making, and guides self-assessment. By incorporating philosophy into our teaching practices, we not only enrich our own understanding but also enhance the overall educational experience for our students.
1. Philosophy of education encourages _________, helping teachers better understand the implications of various educational issues.
B) critical thinking
2. When considering arguments, philosophy focuses on the _________ of the argument rather than the authority of the person making it.
3. Pursuing philosophy has a _________ effect, prompting individuals to keep an open mind and be receptive to new evidence.
4. Engaging in discussions about educational issues enables teachers to _________ alternatives for action in policy-making.
5. The study of philosophy of education helps teachers to assess their progress against the _________ of an educational program.
A) teacher’s opinion
B) aims and objectives
C) current trends
6. Philosophy challenges educators to critically examine _________ that personal interests introduce into discussions.
7. Philosophy of education empowers teachers to contribute to _________ and goal-setting for education.
8. Teachers who engage with philosophy remain open-minded and _________ to new evidence.
9. The philosophy of education encourages teachers to avoid taking statements and recommendations from others _________.
B) for granted
10. Philosophy helps teachers clear educational discussions of the _________ introduced by personal biases.
11. The inclusion of philosophy in teacher education programs enhances teachers’ ability to _________ educational policies.
12. Philosophy of education encourages teachers to evaluate arguments based on their _________.
A) word count
13. The study of philosophy helps educators to _________ their work in alignment with educational objectives.
14. Engaging in theoretical discussions empowers teachers to offer _________ for action in policy-making.
15. Philosophy of education prompts educators to keep an open mind and prevents them from arrogating all _________ to themselves.
B) knowledge and wisdom
1. Discuss the role of philosophy of education in promoting critical thinking among teachers. How does engaging in philosophical inquiry help educators become more aware of the implications of various educational issues?
2. Explain the concept that philosophy gives more weight to the validity or soundness of an argument rather than the authority of the person presenting it. How does this approach encourage teachers to approach educational problems more critically and objectively?
3. Elaborate on the humbling effect of philosophy in the context of teacher education. How does the pursuit of philosophy compel educators to maintain an open mind and continuously learn from new evidence and different perspectives?
4. Analyze the significance of philosophy of education in shaping higher-level policy-making and goal-setting for education. How does a teacher’s engagement in theoretical discussions empower them to influence educational policies, offer alternatives, and collaboratively formulate more effective strategies?
5. Reflect on how the study of philosophy of education enables teachers to appraise their progress and shortcomings. Explain how aligning educational practices with philosophical principles helps educators evaluate the success or failure of their approaches, leading to enhanced self-awareness and improved teaching methods.