The Jewish Education System: A Historical Overview
The Jewish Education System:
1. Education was primarily based on the family structure, with the mother being responsible for the education of the very young.
2. Girls typically followed their fathers’ professions, such as farmers, shepherds, or fishermen. For example, Andrew and Simon (also known as Peter) were fishermen working with their father.
3. The education system emphasized the importance of religious education. God commanded Moses to teach the commandments, which were to be impressed upon the hearts of the people. Parents were instructed to teach their children about God’s commandments at home, during walks, and in various situations.
4. Education in ancient Israel was predominantly vocational, with sons being brought up to continue their fathers’ professions. This utilitarian approach to education played a significant role in their mothers’ vocations as well.
5. Teaching in this system was rigorous and demanding. Parents were responsible for instilling religious and moral values in their children. Teaching methods often involved punishment, and the book of Proverbs recommends discipline with corporal punishment as an act of love.
6. The education system followed a master-disciple model, where disciples learned from great masters. For example, Elisha learned from and modeled his ministry on Elijah, and Jesus Christ had twelve disciples. These discipleship groups were not stationary but moved from place to place.
7. The discipline system was an integral part of education. Discipline was seen as both a means of correction and guidance. The “rod” mentioned in Proverbs was viewed as an instrument of discipline, just as a shepherd’s rod guides and comforts the sheep.
8. Education in ancient Israel focused on religious instruction and moral values, aiming to raise children in the fear of God. The commandments were taught and passed down from generation to generation, ensuring the preservation of religious and cultural heritage.
1. Education in traditional societies is primarily based on the ________.
2. In ancient Israel, girls often followed their ________ professions.
3. The commandments were meant to be impressed upon the ________.
4. Farmers in ancient Israel raised their sons to regard their duty as ________.
5. Education in ancient Israel played a significant role in the ________ vocations.
6. Teaching in ancient Israel was ________ and exacting.
7. Parents were responsible for bringing up children in the fear of ________.
8. The book of Proverbs recommends disciplining children with ________.
a) words of wisdom
b) corporal punishment
c) rewards and incentives
9. Discipline in ancient Israel was seen as an act of ________.
10. Each great master in ancient Israel had a number of ________.
11. Elisha learned from and modeled his ministry on ________.
12. Jesus Christ had ________ disciples.
13. Discipleship groups in ancient Israel were often ________.
14. Education in ancient Israel emphasized ________ instruction.
15. The discipline system was considered the ________ in ancient Israel.