Key points about the characteristics of early educational systems:
- Religion: Early educational systems heavily focused on teaching religion and promoting the traditions of the people.
- Language: Instruction was primarily communicated in the mother’s tongue, the language commonly spoken by the local community.
- Curriculum: There was no formal curriculum as we know it today. Education was mostly informal and centered around imparting essential skills and knowledge.
- Teachers and Methods: Teachers played a significant role in the education system, employing methods like memorization, drill, and individual instruction.
- Discipline: Discipline was severe and rigid, aiming to instill obedience and respect for authority.
- Purpose: Education in these early systems aimed to train individuals for specific roles, such as scribes and priests.
Examine any three (3) contributions of Athenian and two (2) Spartans’s system of education to the development of Nigeria’s system of education.
EARLY EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS
Comparing and contrasting education in Egypt and Mesopotamia:
- Postal Structure:
- Egypt had a more well-structured education system compared to Mesopotamia.
- Mesopotamia lacked a formal school system, relying more on informal methods of education.
- Role of Priests:
- In both societies, priests played a dominant role in controlling and preserving knowledge and education.
- In Egypt, priests were seen as a link between gods and agricultural practices along the Nile River.
- In Mesopotamia, priests held intellectual and educational dominance as well as practical application.
- Teaching Methods:
- Both regions employed memorization and repetitive learning methods for education.
- Teachers in both societies focused on training individuals for specific roles, such as scribes and priests.
- Discipline in both Egypt and Mesopotamia was harsh, emphasizing strict adherence to rules and authority.
- Formal Schools:
- Egypt had two types of formal schools: one for scribes and another for priests’ trainees.
- In contrast, Mesopotamia did not develop formal schools, and education was less structured.
Overall, education in both ancient societies was long and rigorous, with a primary focus on training individuals for specific roles in their respective cultures. The role of priests was central in both cases, controlling and imparting knowledge to the next generations