The Sophists were itinerant teachers, mostly from outside Athens, who went about dispensing their knowledge to whoever was it that cared to listen and pay for such. The sophists ideas marked the great turning point in the Athenian education in the following ways;
A. The Sophists taught men how to speak and what arguments to use in public debate. Most people, especially youths who needed skills of public speaking. increasingly sought after a Sophistic education. B. The Sophists also pointed attention to the grammar of the language. They
taught such items as genders, tenses, moods and the like. C. They improved the study of prose and thus helped the use of rhetoric as an art of public speaking. In Athens there was already a developed form democracy so public speaking was essential to intending politicians and practitioners in the courts.
D. The Sophists also developed the use of logic, the science of proper reasoning.
E. Aside from all these, the sophists also engaged in nature of virtue (arête) and
the bases of morality; in the history of society and the arts; in poetry, music,
and mathematics; and also in astronomy and the physical sciences.
National Teachers’ Institute, Kaduna Post Graduate Diploma in Education First Semester Examination PDE 701 History of Education
The Sophists indeed made significant contributions to Athenian education, marking a turning point in the following ways:
A. Public Speaking Skills: The Sophists taught people, especially the youth, the art of public speaking and the use of persuasive arguments in public debates. This skill became highly sought after, particularly for aspiring politicians and those involved in court proceedings.
B. Grammar and Language: The Sophists emphasized the importance of language skills and taught aspects such as genders, tenses, and moods. This improved the study of prose and language proficiency among Athenians.
C. Rhetoric and Oratory: The Sophists promoted the use of rhetoric as an art of public speaking. As Athens had a developed form of democracy, effective public speaking was crucial for politicians and individuals engaged in legal matters.
D. Logic and Reasoning: The Sophists played a pivotal role in the development of logic as a science of proper reasoning. They emphasized the importance of clear and coherent arguments, leading to more sophisticated and effective discourse.
E. Diverse Knowledge: Besides teaching rhetoric and logic, the Sophists were well-versed in various fields. They engaged in discussions about virtue, morality, history, society, arts, poetry, music, mathematics, astronomy, and the physical sciences. Their wide-ranging knowledge contributed to the enrichment of Athenian intellectual life.
Overall, the Sophists’ influence on Athenian education transcended mere subject matters; they instilled critical thinking, effective communication, and a broader understanding of the world. Their teachings were instrumental in shaping the intellectual and cultural landscape of Athens during that period.
National Teachers’ Institute. Kaduna (Post Graduate Diploma in Education) First Semester Examinations Time: 2 hours
1. The Sophists were itinerant teachers who dispensed their knowledge to whoever was willing to listen and pay for such. They marked a turning point in Athenian education with their ideas in the early Greek periods, focusing on the art of ________.
(a) Public speaking
2. The Sophists’ teachings were particularly sought after by ________ who needed skills of public speaking and persuasion.
3. The Sophists emphasized the importance of language skills and taught aspects such as genders, tenses, and moods, thus improving the study of ________.
4. The use of rhetoric as an art of public speaking became essential to aspiring politicians and practitioners in the ________.
5. The Sophists were instrumental in the development of logic as a science of proper ________.
6. Besides teaching rhetoric and logic, the Sophists were well-versed in various fields, including the study of ________.
7. The Sophists’ diverse knowledge contributed to the enrichment of Athenian ________ life.
8. The Sophists’ teachings instilled critical ________ in Athenian students, encouraging them to question assumptions and beliefs.
9. The Sophists’ focus on public speaking and persuasion made them popular among individuals involved in ________ proceedings.
10. The Sophists’ teachings on rhetoric improved the Athenians’ ability to express their ideas ________ and convincingly.
11. The Sophists played a pivotal role in shaping the intellectual and cultural landscape of ________ during their period.
12. The Sophists were known for their ability to teach ________ skills, preparing their students for a wide range of professions.
13. The Sophists emphasized the use of ________ arguments in public debates and discussions.
14. The Sophists’ teachings had a profound impact on Athenian education, promoting the development of effective ________.
15. The Sophists’ influence on Athenian education extended beyond subject matters, instilling ________ and a broader understanding of the world.
(b) Critical thinking
Examine any three (3) contributions of Athenian and two (2) Spartan’s system of education to the development of Nigeria’s system of education.
Describe the Jewish education system and suggest its relevance or otherwise to Nigeria’s system of education