Writing Debate A farmer is more important than a teacher English Language Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 4


Subject :English Grammar

Class :Primary 5

Term :Third Term

Week: 4

Class: Basic 5

Subject: English Studies


Debate on the title : A farmer is more important than a teacher

Previous Lesson : 




By the end of this lesson, students will be able to understand the concept of a debate and present arguments supporting or opposing the statement “A farmer is more important than a teacher.”


  • Whiteboard or blackboard
  • Markers or chalk
  • Handouts with debate-related vocabulary and structure
  • Visual aids (optional)
  • Timer or stopwatch
  • Evaluation rubric (optional)


Debate on the title : A farmer is more important than a teacher .

Debate on the title: “A farmer is more important than a teacher.”

Points supporting the statement “A farmer is more important than a teacher”:

1. Farmers provide us with food: Farmers play a crucial role in our lives by cultivating crops and raising livestock to produce the food we eat every day. Without farmers, we wouldn’t have enough food to sustain ourselves.

2. Agriculture sustains the economy: Farming is a vital sector that contributes to the economy of our country. It creates job opportunities, supports other industries, and generates income for the nation.

3. Farmers preserve the environment: Agriculture practices, such as organic farming and sustainable methods, help protect the environment. Farmers promote soil conservation, reduce pollution, and preserve biodiversity, which is essential for a healthy ecosystem.

4. Food security depends on farmers: Ensuring food security is essential for any society. Farmers work tirelessly to grow crops and raise animals, ensuring that we have a steady supply of nutritious food. Without their efforts, we would face hunger and food scarcity.

5. Farmers are custodians of tradition and culture: Agriculture has a rich history and cultural significance in many societies. Farmers preserve traditional knowledge and practices, passing them down through generations, keeping our heritage alive.

Points supporting the statement “A teacher is more important than a farmer”:

1. Education shapes the future: Teachers play a crucial role in shaping the future of individuals and society. They impart knowledge, skills, and values to students, helping them develop into responsible citizens and future leaders.

2. Teachers inspire and empower: Teachers inspire students to explore their interests, discover their talents, and pursue their dreams. They provide guidance, support, and encouragement, empowering students to reach their full potential.

3. Teachers foster critical thinking: Education is not just about memorizing facts; it’s about developing critical thinking and problem-solving skills. Teachers create an environment that encourages students to think independently, analyze information, and make informed decisions.

4. Teachers promote social development: In addition to academic learning, teachers help students develop social skills, empathy, and teamwork. They create a classroom environment that fosters respect, understanding, and cooperation among students.

5. Teachers contribute to societal progress: Through education, teachers contribute to the overall progress and development of society. They equip students with the knowledge and skills necessary for various professions and careers, driving innovation and societal advancement.

Remember, this is a debate, and both sides have valid points. It’s important to listen to each other’s arguments, present your viewpoints respectfully, and consider different perspectives.


Who is a farmer?

  1. A farmer is a person who cultivates crops and raises animals for food production.
  2. Farmers work on agricultural lands, such as farms, to grow and harvest crops.
  3. They are responsible for planting seeds, nurturing plants, and ensuring their healthy growth.
  4. Farmers also take care of livestock, such as cows, chickens, and pigs, by providing food, shelter, and medical attention.
  5. They work in all types of weather conditions, including hot sun, rain, and even cold temperatures.
  6. Farmers use various tools and equipment, such as tractors, plows, and watering systems, to carry out their farming activities.
  7. They play a vital role in our society by providing the food we need to eat.
  8. Farmers may specialize in different types of farming, such as crop farming, dairy farming, poultry farming, or fish farming.
  9. They often have a deep understanding of the land, soil, and seasons, which helps them make informed decisions for successful farming.
  10. Farmers contribute to the economy and food security of a country by producing a sustainable and reliable food supply


Who is a teacher?

  1. A teacher is a person who guides and instructs students in various subjects and skills.
  2. Teachers work in schools and classrooms, helping students learn and acquire knowledge.
  3. They have expertise in specific subjects, such as English, mathematics, science, or history.
  4. Teachers create lesson plans and deliver them to students, ensuring they understand the concepts being taught.
  5. They use different teaching methods and resources, such as textbooks, visual aids, and interactive activities, to make learning engaging and effective.
  6. Teachers assess students’ understanding through tests, quizzes, and assignments, providing feedback to help them improve.
  7. They support students’ overall development, including their social and emotional well-being.
  8. Teachers act as mentors and role models, inspiring students to strive for success and pursue their passions.
  9. They encourage critical thinking, problem-solving, and creativity among students.
  10. Teachers play a vital role in shaping students’ future by equipping them with the necessary knowledge and skills to succeed in life



Elements of a Debate:

  1. Proposition: A debate begins with a proposition or a statement that presents a topic or issue for discussion. It is the central idea that both sides will argue for or against.
  2. Opening Statements: Each side of the debate starts with an opening statement. This is where the debaters introduce their position on the proposition and provide a brief overview of their main arguments.
  3. Arguments: Debaters present their arguments to support their position on the proposition. Arguments are statements or reasons that explain why a particular point of view is valid or correct.
  4. Evidence: To strengthen their arguments, debaters provide evidence such as facts, statistics, examples, or expert opinions. This evidence helps to support the validity and credibility of their arguments.
  5. Rebuttals: After the initial arguments are presented, debaters have the opportunity to challenge and counter the opposing side’s arguments through rebuttals. They highlight flaws in the arguments or provide alternative perspectives.
  6. Cross-Examination: During a debate, debaters can question or cross-examine each other to seek clarification, challenge viewpoints, or probe the strength of arguments. This allows for a deeper exploration of the topic.
  7. Closing Statements: At the end of the debate, both sides summarize their main points in closing statements. They restate their position and emphasize the strongest arguments made throughout the debate.
  8. Moderator: A moderator oversees the debate, ensuring that it is conducted fairly and respectfully. The moderator keeps track of time, ensures equal speaking opportunities, and maintains order during the debate.
  9. Audience Participation: The audience plays a crucial role in a debate. They listen attentively, evaluate the arguments presented, and may even participate by asking questions or expressing their opinions.
  10. Conclusion: The debate concludes with a final statement that restates the proposition and summarizes the main arguments from both sides. It allows the audience to reflect on the arguments presented and make their own judgments.

Remember, debates promote critical thinking, respectful discussion, and the ability to see different perspectives on a given topic



  1. In the debate on the title “A farmer is more important than a teacher,” one side argues that a farmer holds greater importance than a teacher.
  2. The proposition being debated is whether a farmer or a teacher is more important.
  3. Both sides will present their arguments and provide evidence to support their viewpoints.
  4. The audience will listen attentively and evaluate the arguments presented before forming their own opinions.
  5. During the debate, the debaters may engage in cross-examination to challenge each other’s arguments.
  6. The moderator will ensure that the debate is conducted fairly and that each side has equal speaking opportunities.
  7. The closing statements will summarize the main points made by both sides and allow the audience to reflect on the arguments presented.
  8. The debate encourages critical thinking and the ability to consider different perspectives.
  9. It is important to listen respectfully to both sides of the debate and consider the validity of their arguments.
  10. Remember, in a debate, there is no right or wrong answer, but rather the opportunity to explore and discuss different opinions on a topic.




  1. According to the debate, the proposition being discussed is whether a farmer is more important than a teacher. Is this statement true or false? a) True b) False
  2. What is the role of a farmer in the debate? a) To provide food for the community b) To educate students in various subjects c) To promote social development d) To inspire and empower individuals
  3. Why are farmers important? a) They shape the future of society b) They contribute to the economy and food security c) They foster critical thinking skills d) They preserve tradition and culture
  4. What is the main responsibility of a teacher in the debate? a) To grow crops and raise livestock b) To cultivate the minds of students c) To provide food for the community d) To promote environmental conservation
  5. Which aspect of a farmer’s work supports the environment? a) Planting and nurturing crops b) Teaching students in the classroom c) Cultivating the minds of students d) Fostering critical thinking skills
  6. What role does education play according to the debate? a) It shapes the future of individuals and society b) It provides food for the community c) It promotes environmental conservation d) It contributes to the economy and food security
  7. How do farmers contribute to the economy? a) By teaching students in the classroom b) By growing crops and raising animals c) By inspiring and empowering individuals d) By fostering critical thinking skills
  8. What is the main focus of a teacher’s work in the debate? a) Providing food for the community b) Cultivating the minds of students c) Promoting social development d) Preserving tradition and culture
  9. What aspect of a teacher’s role supports societal progress? a) Growing crops and raising animals b) Promoting social development c) Fostering critical thinking skills d) Contributing to the economy and food security
  10. In the debate, what is the audience’s role? a) To present arguments and evidence b) To challenge viewpoints through cross-examination c) To listen and evaluate the arguments presented d) To summarize the main points in closing statements




Lesson Plan Presentation: Debate on the Title “A Farmer is More Important than a Teacher”

Introduction (5 minutes):

  1. Greet the students and introduce the topic of the lesson: “Today, we will be discussing a debate on the topic ‘A farmer is more important than a teacher.'”
  2. Ask students if they have any prior knowledge or opinions on the topic.
  3. Explain that a debate is a formal discussion where two opposing sides present arguments and evidence to support their viewpoints.
  4. State the objective of the lesson: “By the end of this lesson, you will be able to understand the concept of a debate and present arguments supporting or opposing the statement ‘A farmer is more important than a teacher.'”

Vocabulary and Concept Introduction (10 minutes):

  1. Present key debate-related vocabulary words on the board (e.g., proposition, arguments, evidence, rebuttals, cross-examination).
  2. Provide simple definitions and examples of each term to ensure understanding.
  3. Engage students in a brief discussion about the importance of food and education in their lives, connecting it to the debate topic. [mediator_tech]

Debate Structure Explanation (10 minutes):

  1. Discuss the structure of a debate by outlining the main elements (e.g., proposition, opening statements, arguments, evidence, rebuttals, closing statements).
  2. Provide examples and explain the purpose of each element in a debate.
  3. Show visual aids or handouts to help students visualize the debate structure

Group Discussion and Argument Brainstorming (10 minutes):

  1. Divide the class into two groups: one supporting the statement “A farmer is more important than a teacher,” and the other opposing it.
  2. Allow time for each group to brainstorm arguments and evidence to support their assigned positions.
  3. Encourage students to consider various perspectives and think critically about the topic.
  4. Monitor and facilitate group discussions, providing guidance and clarification as needed.

Debate Preparation and Rehearsal (10 minutes):

  1. Instruct each group to choose one representative to present their arguments during the debate.
  2. Provide handouts or guidelines with the debate structure and evaluation criteria (if using an evaluation rubric).
  3. Allow time for the representatives to prepare their opening statements and main arguments.
  4. Encourage students to use persuasive language, provide examples, and support their arguments with logical reasoning and evidence.
  5. Monitor and offer support or feedback to the representatives as they practice their presentations.

Debate (5 minutes per side):

  1. Set up the debate format, ensuring equal speaking time for each side.
  2. Allocate time for opening statements, arguments, rebuttals, and closing statements.
  3. Use a timer or stopwatch to keep track of the speaking time.
  4. Encourage respectful listening and note-taking by the audience. [mediator_tech]

Conclusion (5 minutes):

  1. Summarize the main arguments presented by each side of the debate.
  2. Emphasize the importance of respectful discussion, considering different perspectives, and critical thinking.
  3. Engage in a brief class discussion about the lessons learned from the debate.
  4. Thank the students for their active participation and engagement.

Extension Activities (if time permits):

  1. Assign a written reflection where students express their personal opinions about the debate topic.
  2. Organize a class vote to determine which side presented more convincing arguments.
  3. Encourage students to research and gather additional evidence on the topic, supporting either the farmer’s or the teacher’s importance.
  4. Ask students to write persuasive essays defending their chosen position, using the arguments and evidence presented during the debate as well as their own research.
  5. Organize a class discussion where students share their essays and engage in respectful debate, further exploring the topic and refining their arguments.

Assessment and Evaluation:

  1. Assess students’ participation and engagement during the group discussions, debate preparation, and actual debate.
  2. Evaluate the representatives’ performance during the debate based on their understanding of the topic, organization of arguments, use of evidence, and ability to respond to rebuttals.
  3. If using an evaluation rubric, provide feedback to students based on the criteria outlined, highlighting areas of strength and areas for improvement.

Note: Adapt the lesson plan presentation and activities based on the specific needs and abilities of the primary 5 students in Lagos State. Ensure the language used is appropriate and provide additional support or scaffolding as necessary. [mediator_tech]

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