Present Perfect (“ed” and “en”) ending Structure English Grammar Primary 3 Third Term Week 5

Subject: English Grammar

Class : Primary 3

Term : Third Term

Week : Week 5

Grade Level: Primary 3 Subject: English Grammar Term: Third Term Week: 5

Topic : Present Perfect Tenses that end with “ed” and “en” 

Previous Lesson

 

Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand the concept of the present perfect tense with “ed” and “en” endings.
  2. Learn to form sentences using the present perfect tense.
  3. Practice using the correct past participle forms of regular and irregular verbs.
  4. Develop language skills related to asking questions and making negative sentences in the present perfect tense.

 

Embedded Core Skills:

  1. Language Development: Students will enhance their language skills by learning and using the correct grammar structures.
  2. Communication Skills: Students will practice expressing themselves effectively through the construction of meaningful sentences.
  3. Reading Comprehension: Students will read and comprehend sentences in the present perfect tense, reinforcing their understanding of the topic

 

Learning Materials:

  1. Whiteboard, markers, and eraser
  2. Chart paper and markers
  3. Present Perfect tense visual aids
  4. Fill-in-the-blank worksheets
  5. Sentences for reading comprehension exercises
  6. Evaluation question sheets

Content

Present Perfect (“ed” and “en”) ending Structure English Grammar Primary 3 Third Term Week 5

Topic: Present Perfect Tense with “ed” and “en” Endings

Today, class, we will be exploring the present perfect tense with “ed” and “en” endings. This tense is used to talk about actions or events that happened in the past but have a connection to the present. Let’s dive into the key points:

  1. Formation of Present Perfect Tense:
    • Use “have” with pronouns: I, you, we, and they.
    • Use “has” with pronouns: he, she, and it.
    • Add “ed” or “en” to the base form of the verb to create the past participle.
  2. Adding “ed” to Verbs:
    • Most regular verbs form their past participle by adding “ed” to the base form.
    • Examples:
      • Play (base form) -> Played (past participle)
      • Walk (base form) -> Walked (past participle)
  3. Adding “en” to Verbs:
    • Some irregular verbs form their past participle by adding “en” to the base form.
    • Examples:
      • Drive (base form) -> Driven (past participle)
      • Speak (base form) -> Spoken (past participle)
  4. Examples of Present Perfect Sentences:
    • I have played football.
    • She has read the book.
    • They have written letters.
    • He has eaten his lunch.
    • We have seen the movie.
  5. Asking Questions:
    • To form questions, invert the subject and the auxiliary verb “have” or “has.”
    • Examples:
      • Have you watched the movie?
      • Has he finished his homework?
  6. Negative Sentences:
    • To form negative sentences, use “not” after the auxiliary verb “have” or “has.”
    • Examples:
      • I have not seen him today.
      • She has not completed her work.

To make sentences in the Present Perfect Tense, we add “en” or “ed” to the base verb. This shows that something happened in the past, but it’s still important now. Here are some examples:

1. Play + ed = I have played soccer.
(I played soccer in the past, and it’s important now.)

2. Walk + ed = She has walked to the park.
(She walked to the park earlier, and it matters now.)

3. Drive + en = They have driven a new car.
(They drove a new car recently, and it’s relevant.)

4. Speak + en = He has spoken with his friend.
(He talked with his friend, and it’s significant now.)

5. Eat + en = We have eaten lunch.
(We had lunch, and it’s still important.)

6. Say + ed = She has said something important.
(She spoke something important, and it’s worth remembering.)

These examples show how we use “en” or “ed” to make sentences in the Present Perfect Tense.

 

More samples

1. They have played chess.
2. He has walked his dog.
3. She has driven a motorcycle.
4. We have spoken to the teacher.
5. I have eaten sushi.
6. They have said goodnight.
7. She has played the guitar.
8. He has walked in the rain.
9. I have driven a sports car.
10. We have spoken to our neighbors.

 

Evaluation

Now, class, please choose the correct option (a, b, or c) for each sentence. Take your time and think carefully before making your selection

  1. I have ________ my dinner already. a) eat b) ate c) eaten
  2. She has ________ a beautiful song. a) sang b) singed c) sung
  3. They have ________ a new puppy. a) buyed b) bought c) bringed
  4. We have ________ a delicious cake. a) bake b) baked c) brought
  5. He has ________ his bicycle to school. a) ride b) ridden c) rode
  6. The children have ________ a storybook. a) read b) red c) ride
  7. I have ________ my homework already. a) do b) did c) done
  8. She has ________ a picture of the sunset. a) take b) took c) taken
  9. They have ________ a new game. a) played b) play c) pleyed
  10. We have ________ to the park. a) go b) went c) gone

 

 

Lesson Plan Presentation: Present Perfect (“ed” and “en”) Ending Structure

[mediator_tech]

Presentation:

Introduction:

  1. Greet the students and begin the lesson by discussing the concept of the present perfect tense.
  2. Introduce the learning objectives and explain the importance of understanding and using the present perfect tense.

Teacher’s Activities:

  1. Display visual aids illustrating the formation of the present perfect tense with “ed” and “en” endings.
  2. Present examples of sentences using the present perfect tense and discuss their meanings.
  3. Provide explanations and rules for adding “ed” and “en” to regular and irregular verbs.
  4. Conduct guided practice exercises on the whiteboard, asking students to form sentences using the present perfect tense.

Learners’ Activities:

  1. Observe and actively participate in the teacher’s presentation.
  2. Take notes and ask questions to clarify any doubts.
  3. Practice forming sentences using the present perfect tense with “ed” and “en” endings.
  4. Engage in group or pair activities, where students can practice using the present perfect tense in conversations.

Assessment:

  1. Distribute fill-in-the-blank worksheets to assess students’ understanding of forming the present perfect tense with “ed” and “en” endings.
  2. Provide sentences for reading comprehension exercises to evaluate students’ comprehension of sentences in the present perfect tense.
  3. Monitor students’ participation and engagement during group activities and discussions.

[mediator_tech]

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is the present perfect tense used for?
  2. How do you form the present perfect tense with regular verbs?
  3. Give an example of a regular verb in its base form and its past participle form.
  4. How do you form the present perfect tense with irregular verbs?
  5. Provide an example of an irregular verb in its base form and its past participle form.
  6. Change the sentence “I play tennis” to the present perfect tense.
  7. Form a question using the present perfect tense: “She has read the book.”
  8. Write a negative sentence using the present perfect tense: “We have finished the game.”
  9. Choose the correct past participle form of the verb: “swim.” a) swam b) swimmed c) swum
  10. Rewrite the sentence in the present perfect tense: “They ate dinner.”

Conclusion:

  1. Summarize the key points covered in the lesson.
  2. Provide feedback on students’ performance during the assessment activities.
  3. Answer any remaining questions or concerns.
  4. Encourage students to practice using the present perfect tense in their everyday conversations and written work.

Homework/Extension Activity:

  1. Assign students to create five sentences using the present perfect tense with “ed” and “en” endings.
  2. Encourage them to use a mix of regular and irregular verbs.
  3. Ask students to write down the base form and past participle form of each verb used in their sentences.

Weekly Assessment

1. I __________ soccer yesterday.
a) played
b) play
c) playing
d) plays

2. She has ________ to the zoo.
a) walk
b) walked
c) walking
d) walks

3. They have never ________ to the moon.
a) driving
b) drove
c) driven
d) drives

4. He has ________ a new song.
a) speak
b) spoke
c) spoken
d) speaking

5. We have ________ ice cream.
a) eats
b) eating
c) ate
d) eaten

6. She has ________ a funny joke.
a) say
b) saying
c) said
d) says

7. He __________ tennis yesterday.
a) plays
b) playing
c) played
d) play

8. They have never ________ to the beach.
a) walked
b) walk
c) walking
d) walks

9. I have ________ my bike today.
a) drove
b) driving
c) driven
d) drives

10. She has ________ with her grandma.
a) speak
b) speaking
c) said
d) speaks

11. We have ________ pizza for dinner.
a) eat
b) eating
c) ate
d) eaten

12. He has ________ the weather forecast.
a) say
b) saying
c) said
d) says

13. They have ________ cards last night.
a) play
b) plays
c) played
d) playing

14. She has never ________ to the forest.
a) walk
b) walked
c) walking
d) walks

15. We have ________ to the amusement park.
a) driving
b) drove
c) driven
d) drives

Good luck with your practice, and I look forward to seeing your progress in our next lesson!

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