Meaning and Causes of Theft Punishment for Stealing

Subject : Security Education

Class : BASIC 9 / JSS 3

Week 1

Topic : Meaning and Causes of Theft

Behavioural Objectives : At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to

  • Say the meaning of Theft
  • Explain the causes of theft
  • List out the punishment for theft

Previous Knowledge : Learners have prior knowledge of security education in their previous class




This is the act of stealing another persons property, it has to do with taking another persons property without his/her permission,For example, a student takes his colleagues money without permission,it is theft or stealing 


Lack of contentment

crave fro money and materialism



peer group influence



Other causes of Theft are

1. Financial Hardship

One of the most common causes of theft is financial hardship. When people are struggling to make ends meet, they may be tempted to steal items that they cannot afford. This can include food, clothing, or even money.

2. Addiction

Another common cause of theft is addiction. People who are addicted to drugs or alcohol may steal to get money to buy these substances. Additionally, people who are addicted to gambling may steal to get money to gamble with.

3. Mental Illness

Mental illness is another potential cause of theft. People with mental illnesses such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder may steal due to delusions or hallucinations. Additionally, people with impulse control disorders may steal on a whim without considering the consequences.

4. Peer Pressure

Peer pressure can also cause people to steal. When people feel like they have to fit in with a certain group or look cool in front of their friends, they may be more likely to engage in criminal activity such as theft.

5. boredom

In some cases, people may steal simply because they are bored and looking for something to do. This is especially true for young people who may not have access to other activities or outlets for their energy and creativity


1. Theft can have a number of negative effects on both the victim of the theft and the thief themselves. It tarnishes good image of the person that is involved in stealing or theft.


2. The person involved in theft may suffer from a loss of property if caught,tried and convicted of stealing or theft. They may also suffer from a loss of trust or feeling of safety from loved ones like family members or friends. Theft attracts serious punishment.


3. The thief may also suffer negative consequences as a result of their actions. They may be arrested and incarcerated, which can lead to a loss of freedom. Additionally, they may have difficulty finding employment or housing in the future.


4. Theft can also lead to an increase in insurance premiums for the victim as well as the surrounding community.


5. Finally, theft can damage relationships between people and create feelings of anger, fear, and mistrust.


  • Life imprisonment
  • seven years imprisonment
  • Three years imprisonment
  • Twenty years imprisonment

The major punishment for theft by law is imprisonment,the number of months or years to be spent in prison depends on what is stolen and the mode of stealing ,The judge will have to determine this,in Islamic judicial system [ sharia],some people may lose their hand or leg for stealing.

Presentation: The topic is presented step by step.

Step 1 : The subject teacher revises the previous topics with the young learners

Step 2 : The instructor introduces the new topic by asking these learners the questions that are related to the topic

What is the meaning of Theft?

Who can explain the causes of theft?

Someone should please kindly list out the punishment for theft.

Step 3 : The teacher allows the learners to give out their own contributions and he corrects them when the needs arise

Evaluation :

  1. What is theft ?
  2. state the causes of theft
  3. list any four effects of theft
  4. what is the punishment for theft?


The subject teacher goes round to mark and does the necessary corrections. He or she uses the opportunity to reteach the same topic to learners that didn’t quiet get it right the first time.