The Nigerian National Flag and The Coat of Arms

The Nigerian National Flag and The Coat of Arms

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Subject   :  Civic Education


Class  : Basic 3 / Primary 3  / Class 3


Term : Second   Term


Week  : Week 3


Topic  :

The Nigerian National Flag and The Coat of Arms


Previous Knowledge : The pupils have previous knowledge of

The constitution and the mace

that was taught  in their previous classes

Behavioural  Objectives : At the end of the lesson , pupils should be able to

  • Explain the meaning of the colours on the Nigerian National Flag
  • Say when the flags are used or flown at half mast
  • Describe the National Coat of Arms

Instructional Materials 

  • Pictures of National Flag or That of Coat of Arm
  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Online Resource
  • Textbooks

Methods of Teaching 

  • Role modelling
  • Questions and Answers
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Recitation
  • Imitation

Content :  

The Nigerian National Flag :

The Nigerian National flag is the most widely used and recognized national symbols in Nigeria as many people and students alike are seen with the national flag when there is national event like when the Nigerian National football team , The super eagles is having a crucial match or there is an event of national interest like the National independence day celebration . The Nigerian National flag is divided into three major stripes of two major colours which are green , white and green . The Nigerian National flag was designed Pa Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi in 1956 when he was a student in United Kingdom . The green stripe stands for the green fertile land of Nigeria while The white stripe represents peace.


The Coat Of Arms : 

The Nigerian coat of arms is also called the armorial bearing.  It is always seen as emblem or logo on the members of the Nigerian Armed Forces like The Army . The Navy and The Air Force .The coat of arms have black shield which stands for the nation’s fertile soil. The two silver bends that looks like Alphabet Y stands for River Benue and River Niger ..The Eagle on the top represents  strength and the two horses stand for dignity.  The motto of the country is unit and faith, peace and progress. .





The topic is presented step by step

Step 1 : The class teacher revises the old topic

Step 2 : The class teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3 : The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own contributions and gives room for pupils” participation


Class Teacher And Pupils Activities. Interaction or  Participation 

This involves class teacher  and pupils interaction , conversation , imitation or modeling through discussion , play method or just by recitation or asking and answering questions that are related to the topic that has just been taught

  • The class teacher will make available for the pupils a sample of the National flag
  • Pupils are to draw and paint the National flag
  • The class teacher may organize how the pupils may see the Coat of Arms


  1. The colours of the flags are green , white and __________
  2. When the National flag is flown at half mast , it is a symbol of National _________
  3. Colour green on the National flag stands for the ____________________ land of Nigeria
  4. The white colour on the Nigerian National Flag stands for ______________
  5. Who designed the Nigerian National flag
  6. In what year was the National flag designed
  7. The eagle on the coat of arms stands for _________
  8. The two horses on the Nigerian National coat of Arms stand for _______
  9. The letter Y on the coat or arms stand for River ____ and River _____
  10. The Motto of Nigeria on the National Coat of Arms is _________


The class teacher does the necessary corrections and he or she goes round to mark .



The class teacher should stimulate the pupils’ interest  on

National anthem and National currency.

and make them to read or learn about it as they prepare for the next lesson .


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