Waste Disposal Materials: Compost Health Habits Kindergarten Age 5 First Term Lesson Notes Week 7

Lesson Plan Presentation

Subject: Environmental Studies
Class: Kindergarten
Term: First Term
Week: Week 7
Age: 5 years
Topic: Waste Disposal Materials: Compost
Duration: 40 minutes

Behavioural Objectives: By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Give a simple meaning of compost.
  2. State examples of compost materials.

Set Induction:
Show pictures of fruits, vegetables, and leaves. Ask the pupils if they know what happens to them when they are no longer needed.

Entry Behaviour:
Pupils are familiar with different types of waste materials.

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • Pictures of fruits, vegetables, and leaves
  • Waste basket from the classroom or school environment
  • Small gardening tools (optional)

Building Background / Connection to Prior Knowledge:
Connect the concept of waste disposal to the pupils’ experiences of throwing away fruits, vegetables, and leaves.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Observation skills
  • Understanding of the environment
  • Teamwork and collaboration

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of compost materials
  • Waste basket from the classroom or school environment
  • Small gardening tools (optional)


  1. Simple Meaning of Compost:
    • Compost is decayed organic material used as a fertilizer for plants.
  2. Examples of Compost Materials:
    • Fruit and vegetable scraps
    • Leaves and grass clippings
    • Coffee grounds and tea bags

Evaluation Questions:

  1. Compost is decayed organic material used as _____.
    a) food
    b) a toy
    c) a fertilizer
    d) a book
  2. Examples of compost materials include _____.
    a) plastic bottles
    b) fruit and vegetable scraps
    c) paper towels
    d) glass jars
  3. Composting helps _____.
    a) make the soil dirty
    b) plants grow
    c) waste disappear
    d) animals sleep

Class Activity Discussion:

  1. Q: What is compost?
    A: Compost is decayed organic material used as a fertilizer for plants.
  2. Q: Can you name some examples of compost materials?
    A: Fruit and vegetable scraps, leaves, grass clippings, coffee grounds, and tea bags.
  3. Q: How does composting help plants?
    A: Composting provides essential nutrients to the soil, helping plants grow strong and healthy.
  4. Q: Where can we find compost materials?
    A: We can find compost materials in our kitchen, garden, and yard.
  5. Q: Why is composting important for the environment?
    A: Composting reduces waste sent to landfills and improves soil health.


Step 1: Introduce the topic of compost by showing pictures of compost materials.

Step 2: Discuss the meaning of compost and its examples with the pupils.

Step 3: Take the pupils to identify the waste basket in their classroom or school environment.

Step 4: Lead a discussion on the importance of disposing of refuse to the soil and how composting helps plants grow.

Step 5: Divide the pupils into small groups and encourage them to display compost materials they can find in their surroundings.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Explain the concept of compost using simple language.
  • Facilitate the identification of the waste basket and discussion on the importance of composting.
  • Guide the pupils in displaying compost materials in small groups.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen to the teacher’s explanation.
  • Identify the waste basket in their classroom or school environment.
  • Discuss the importance of composting in small groups.


  • Observe pupils’ participation in the discussion and identification of compost materials.
  • Ask pupils to name one example of compost material.

The teacher summarizes the key points of the lesson and encourages pupils to practice composting at home and in their school garden if available.

Read More :

Understanding Compost: Waste into Fertilizer

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