Values That Promote Peace Civic Education Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 4

Values That Promote Peace Civic Education Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 4

Subject: Civic Education

Class: Primary 5

Term: Third Term

Week: 4

Topic: Values That Promote Peace

Sub-topic: Understanding and Practicing Peaceful Values

Duration: 45 minutes

Behavioural Objectives:

  • Students should understand the meaning of peace and its importance.
  • Students should be able to identify values that promote peace.
  • Students should appreciate the role of these values in fostering peaceful coexistence.

Key Vocabulary Words:

  • Peace
  • Spiritual
  • Emotional
  • Physical
  • Calmness
  • Tranquility
  • Absence
  • Troubles
  • Values
  • Justice
  • Fairness
  • Equity
  • Tolerance
  • Forgiveness
  • Love
  • Respect
  • Sincerity
  • Hardwork
  • Perseverance

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Civic Education
  • Textbooks recommended by the Lagos State Ministry of Education
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Chart paper and markers
  • Student notebooks

Building Background/Connection to Prior Knowledge:

  • Review the concept of peace and its significance in personal and community life.
  • Connect to previous lessons on values and their importance in shaping behavior.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Critical thinking
  • Communication
  • Collaboration


Values That Promote Peace

  1. Justice: Treating everyone fairly and equally, like making sure everyone gets a fair share of toys. ⚖️
  2. Fairness: Being fair means playing by the rules and not favoring one person over another. 🤝
  3. Equity: Ensuring that everyone has what they need to live a good life, like making sure everyone has enough food to eat. 🌟
  4. Tolerance: Accepting and respecting differences in others, like being okay with someone having a different favorite color. 🌈
  5. Forgiveness: Letting go of anger and hurt feelings when someone says sorry, like forgiving a friend for accidentally breaking your toy. ❤️
  6. Love: Showing care and kindness towards others, like helping a friend who is feeling sad. 💖
  7. Respect: Treating others with politeness and consideration, like saying “please” and “thank you” to your classmates. 🙏
  8. Sincerity: Being honest and truthful in your actions and words, like telling the truth even when it’s hard. 🎯
  9. Hard work: Putting in effort and doing your best to achieve your goals, like studying hard to get good grades. 💪
  10. Perseverance: Continuing to try even when things are difficult, like practicing riding a bike until you can do it without falling. 🚴‍♂️

By embracing these values, we can create a peaceful and harmonious environment where everyone feels safe and respected. ✌️


  1. What is peace? a) The state of calmness without fear or war b) The state of excitement and adventure c) The state of sadness and worry d) The state of anger and conflict
  2. Peace is the absence of troubles or worries within ______. a) Friends b) Enemies c) Oneself d) Animals
  3. Peace is a situation of ______, calmness, or freedom from disturbance. a) Chaos b) Tranquility c) Noise d) Disruption
  4. What are the values that promote peace? a) Justice, fairness, and equity b) Anger, hatred, and violence c) Fear, war, and conflict d) Loneliness, sadness, and worry
  5. Which value means treating everyone fairly and equally? a) Justice b) Fairness c) Tolerance d) Forgiveness
  6. Which value means accepting and respecting differences in others? a) Equity b) Tolerance c) Forgiveness d) Love
  7. What value means letting go of anger and hurt feelings when someone says sorry? a) Love b) Respect c) Tolerance d) Forgiveness
  8. Which value means showing care and kindness towards others? a) Sincerity b) Hardwork c) Love d) Perseverance
  9. What value means treating others with politeness and consideration? a) Respect b) Hardwork c) Perseverance d) Sincerity
  10. Which value means being honest and truthful in your actions and words? a) Sincerity b) Respect c) Love d) Forgiveness
  11. Which value means putting in effort and doing your best to achieve your goals? a) Hardwork b) Perseverance c) Equity d) Justice
  12. What value means continuing to try even when things are difficult? a) Sincerity b) Tolerance c) Perseverance d) Forgiveness
  13. Which value means ensuring that everyone has what they need to live a good life? a) Love b) Respect c) Equity d) Justice
  14. What value means accepting and respecting differences in others? a) Tolerance b) Sincerity c) Fairness d) Hardwork
  15. Which value means treating everyone fairly and equally? a) Justice b) Love c) Forgiveness d) Respect

Class Activity Discussion 

  1. What is peace?
    • Peace is a feeling of calmness and safety without fear or war.
  2. What does peace mean for oneself and others?
    • Peace means being free from worries and troubles for oneself, friends, neighbors, and the country.
  3. Why is peace important?
    • Peace is important because it creates harmony and safety in our lives and communities.
  4. What are values that promote peace?
    • Values like justice, fairness, tolerance, and love promote peace by fostering understanding and respect among people.
  5. How does justice contribute to peace?
    • Justice ensures that everyone is treated fairly and equally, reducing conflicts and promoting harmony.
  6. Why is fairness important for peace?
    • Fairness ensures that everyone gets what they deserve, reducing jealousy and resentment.
  7. How does tolerance help in maintaining peace?
    • Tolerance allows us to accept and respect differences, preventing misunderstandings and conflicts.
  8. Why is forgiveness essential for peace?
    • Forgiveness helps us let go of anger and resentment, promoting reconciliation and harmony.
  9. How does love contribute to peace?
    • Love fosters compassion and kindness, creating strong bonds and resolving conflicts peacefully.
  10. Why is respect crucial for maintaining peace?
    • Respect ensures that we treat others with dignity and consideration, fostering trust and cooperation.
  11. What role does sincerity play in promoting peace?
    • Sincerity encourages honesty and trust, building strong relationships and resolving conflicts peacefully.
  12. How does hard work contribute to a peaceful society?
    • Hard work promotes prosperity and stability, reducing poverty and social tensions.
  13. Why is perseverance important for peace?
    • Perseverance helps us overcome challenges and obstacles, fostering resilience and stability.
  14. What can individuals do to promote peace in their communities?
    • Individuals can practice values like love, respect, and forgiveness in their daily interactions, promoting understanding and harmony.
  15. How can embracing these values contribute to a peaceful coexistence in Nigeria?
    • Embracing these values can help build a society where people respect each other’s differences, resolve conflicts peacefully, and work together for the common good.

Presentation :

Step 1: Revision

Step 2: Introduction of New Topic

  • The teacher introduces the new topic by defining peace as a state of calmness and freedom from fear or war.

Step 3: Discussion on Values That Promote Peace

  • The teacher discusses values such as justice, fairness, equity, tolerance, forgiveness, love, respect, sincerity, hardwork, and perseverance.
  • Provide examples and scenarios to illustrate how each value contributes to peace.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Facilitate discussion on the meaning of peace and values that promote it.
  • Provide clear explanations and examples for better comprehension.
  • Encourage student participation and questions.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen attentively to the teacher’s explanations.
  • Engage in discussions by sharing examples and personal experiences related to peaceful values.
  • Ask questions to seek clarification on concepts.


  • Monitor students’ engagement and participation during the discussion.
  • Evaluate students’ understanding through questions and responses.
  • Provide feedback and corrective guidance as needed.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is peace?
  2. Why is peace important?
  3. Can you name three values that promote peace?
  4. Give an example of a situation where justice promotes peace.
  5. How does tolerance contribute to peaceful coexistence?
  6. What does forgiveness mean, and how does it help in maintaining peace?
  7. Why is love considered a value that promotes peace?
  8. How can respect contribute to peaceful relationships?
  9. Explain the importance of sincerity in fostering peace.
  10. Why is perseverance essential for maintaining peace in challenging situations?


  • The teacher goes around to mark students’ responses and provide necessary corrections.
  • Summarize key points discussed and emphasize the importance of practicing peaceful values in everyday life for a harmonious society.


Embracing Peaceful Values: Keys to Harmony and Unity in Nigeria

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