Discovering Types of Social Injustice: Primary 5 Lesson Types of Social Injustice Civic Education Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 8

Subject: Civic Education
Class: Primary 5
Term: Third Term
Week: 8
Topic: Types of Social Injustice
Sub-topic: Understanding different forms of unfair treatment in society
Duration: 45 minutes

Behavioural Objectives:

  • Students will identify various types of social injustice.
  • Students will understand the impact of social injustice on individuals and society.
  • Students will discuss ways to address and prevent social injustice.

Key Vocabulary Words:

  1. Social injustice
  2. Discrimination
  3. Prejudice
  4. Inequality
  5. Bullying
  6. Exclusion

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Textbooks
  • Worksheets on social injustice
  • Examples of social injustice scenarios

Reference Books:

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Civic Education
  • Primary 5 Civic Education textbooks

Building Background/Connection to Prior Knowledge:
Review previous lessons on fairness, equality, and human rights. Discuss real-life examples of unfair treatment students may have encountered.

Embedded Core Skills:
Critical thinking, empathy, communication, and problem-solving.


Types of Social Injustice

  1. Discrimination 🚫
    • Treating people unfairly because of their race, gender, or religion.
    • Example: Not allowing someone to join a club because of their skin color.
  2. Prejudice 🤚
    • Making unfair judgments or assumptions about someone based on stereotypes.
    • Example: Assuming all boys are better at sports than girls.
  3. Inequality 📉
    • Unequal treatment or opportunities for different groups of people.
    • Example: Some children not having access to quality education because of their family’s income.
  4. Bullying 🤕
    • Intimidating or hurting someone physically or emotionally because they are different.
    • Example: Teasing someone for wearing glasses or speaking with an accent.
  5. Exclusion 🚪
    • Leaving someone out or not including them because they are different.
    • Example: Not inviting a classmate to a birthday party because they have a disability.

Understanding these types of social injustice helps us stand up for fairness and equality! 🌟

Class Activity Discussion :

  1. What is discrimination?
    • Discrimination is treating people unfairly because they are different.
  2. What does prejudice mean?
    • Prejudice is making unfair judgments about others based on stereotypes.
  3. What is inequality?
    • Inequality is when people are not treated the same or given the same opportunities.
  4. What is bullying?
    • Bullying is hurting someone, either physically or emotionally, on purpose.
  5. What does exclusion mean?
    • Exclusion is leaving someone out or not including them.
  6. How can discrimination affect people?
    • Discrimination can make people feel sad or angry.
  7. Why is prejudice harmful?
    • Prejudice can lead to misunderstandings and hurt feelings.
  8. What are examples of inequality?
    • Unequal access to education or healthcare are examples of inequality.
  9. Where can bullying happen?
    • Bullying can happen at school, online, or in other places.
  10. How does exclusion make people feel?
    • Exclusion can make people feel left out and lonely.
  11. Why is it important to treat everyone fairly?
    • Treating everyone fairly helps create a happier and more peaceful world.
  12. How can we stop discrimination?
    • We can stop discrimination by being kind and standing up for what’s right.
  13. What can we do about bullying?
    • We can speak up and tell an adult if we see someone being bullied.
  14. How can we promote equality?
    • We can promote equality by treating everyone with respect and fairness.
  15. Why is it important to include everyone?
    • Including everyone makes everyone feel valued and accepted


  1. Discrimination is treating people unfairly because of their ___. a) color b) age c) size d) hobby
  2. Prejudice involves making unfair judgments based on ___. a) facts b) stereotypes c) kindness d) honesty
  3. Inequality means giving different treatment or opportunities based on ___. a) similarities b) differences c) choices d) friends
  4. Bullying includes hurting someone ___. a) physically or emotionally b) with compliments c) by sharing d) by helping
  5. Exclusion means ___ someone out. a) inviting b) including c) leaving d) embracing
  6. Discrimination is unfair treatment based on factors like ___. a) wealth b) personality c) talents d) skills
  7. Prejudice involves making assumptions without ___. a) thinking b) facts or knowledge c) listening d) trying
  8. Inequality means not giving everyone the same ___. a) toys b) opportunities c) treats d) pets
  9. Bullying can happen at school, online, or ___. a) in the park b) at home c) in the library d) on the bus
  10. Exclusion makes people feel ___. a) happy b) lonely c) excited d) proud
  11. Discrimination is like judging a book by its ___. a) cover b) pages c) author d) title
  12. Prejudice can lead to misunderstandings and ___. a) friendships b) conflicts c) celebrations d) surprises
  13. Inequality means some people have more ___ than others. a) food b) toys c) opportunities d) friends
  14. Bullying hurts people’s ___ and feelings. a) toys b) hearts c) pets d) games
  15. Exclusion is like closing a ___ on someone. a) door b) window c) book d) drawer


  1. Introduction (5 minutes):
    • Recap previous lessons on fairness and equality.
    • Introduce the concept of social injustice and its importance.
  2. Explanation of Types of Social Injustice (10 minutes):
    • Define discrimination, prejudice, inequality, bullying, and exclusion.
    • Provide examples of each type of social injustice.
    • Discuss how these injustices can manifest in everyday life.
  3. Discussion (15 minutes):
    • Encourage students to share their own experiences or observations of social injustice.
    • Facilitate a group discussion on the impact of social injustice on individuals and society.
    • Explore possible solutions to address social injustice.
  4. Activity (10 minutes):
    • Distribute worksheets containing scenarios of social injustice.
    • In pairs or small groups, students analyze each scenario and identify the type of social injustice depicted.
    • Students discuss possible ways to resolve or prevent each situation.
  5. Assessment (5 minutes):
    • Ask students to individually answer ten evaluation questions related to the types of social injustice discussed.
    • Review and discuss answers as a class.
  6. Conclusion (5 minutes):
    • Summarize key points about social injustice and its impact.
    • Emphasize the importance of treating others with fairness and respect.
    • Encourage students to stand up against social injustice in their communities.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is social injustice?
  2. Give an example of discrimination.
  3. Define prejudice.
  4. Explain inequality.
  5. Describe bullying.
  6. What does exclusion mean?
  7. How does social injustice affect individuals?
  8. Why is it important to address social injustice?
  9. How can you help prevent social injustice?
  10. Name one action you can take to promote fairness in your community.

📝 Conclusion: Understanding different types of social injustice helps us become better citizens and advocates for fairness and equality in society. Let’s work together to create a world where everyone is treated with dignity and respect!

More Useful Links

Examples and Explanations of Social Injustice Civic Education Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 6

The Concept of Social Injustice Civic Education Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 5

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