HORTICULTURE ACTIVITIES IN AGRICULTURE PRIMARY 4 SECOND TERM AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE WEEK 7

Subject : AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

 

Class : Primary 4

 

Term : Second Term

 

Week : Week 7

 

Topic :

HORTICULTURE ACTIVITIES IN AGRICULTURE

 

 

Previous Lesson: 

 

SECOND TERM MID TERM TEST AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE 

 

Behavioural Objectives 

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

  • understand what horticulture is and the importance of plant care.
  • identify different types of horticultural flowering plants and their characteristics.
  • learn about common horticultural activities and how they help plants grow.
  • define horticulture;
  • identify different
    flowering plants;
  • describe the
    importance of
    horticulture.

 

Learning Activities 

  • Whole class brainstorm on
    the meaning of
    horticulture.
  • Pupils, move round the
    school and identify
    flowering plants.
  • Pupils, pair up, discuss
    the importance of
    horticulture and share with
    the class.
  • Pupils, in groups of four,
    create herbarium of
    flowers and submit at the next lesson

 

Embedded Core Skills 

  • Communication and Collaboration
  • Critical thinking and problem solving
  • Leadership skills and Personal Development
  • Creativity and Imagination
  • Citizenship

 

 

Learning Resources 

  • Display of different types of flowers
  • Web links
  • PowerPoint presentation
  • Textbooks and Workbook on types of flowers
  • Pictures of different types of horticultural flowering plants
  • Soil, seeds, and small pots for a planting demonstration
  • Pruning shears and gloves for a pruning demonstration
  • Harvested fruits, vegetables, and flowers for a harvesting demonstration

 

Content Development

What is Horticulture?

Horticulture is the study of plants and how to grow them. People who work in horticulture are called horticulturists. They learn how to take care of plants so they can grow well and produce fruits, vegetables, flowers and other things that we use in our daily life.

Horticulture includes many different things such as planting seeds, watering, fertilizing, pruning, and harvesting.

For example, a farmer who grows corn or wheat is a horticulturist. They learn about the best time to plant the seeds, how much water and sunlight the plants need, and when to harvest the crops.

Another example of horticulture is gardening. People who like to plant flowers or vegetables in their backyard or on a balcony are practicing horticulture. They choose which plants to grow, and learn how to take care of them, like watering them regularly and adding fertilizer to help them grow better.

So, horticulture is all about taking care of plants, helping them grow healthy and strong, and making sure they produce fruits, vegetables, flowers, and other things that we use in our daily lives

Horticultural Activities In Agriculture

Horticultural activities are things that people do to take care of plants and help them grow. Here are some examples of horticultural activities:

  1. Planting seeds: This is the first step in horticulture. People plant seeds in the soil so that they can grow into plants. For example, a gardener might plant tomato seeds in the soil to grow tomato plants.
  2. Watering: Plants need water to grow, just like we need water to survive. Horticulturists make sure that plants get enough water, especially during dry spells. For example, a farmer might use irrigation systems to water their crops.
  3. Fertilizing: Plants also need nutrients to grow, like we need food. Horticulturists add fertilizers to the soil to give plants the nutrients they need. For example, a gardener might add compost or manure to their soil to help their plants grow.
  4. Pruning: Sometimes plants grow too much, and horticulturists need to cut back some of the branches or leaves. This is called pruning, and it helps the plant grow better. For example, a gardener might prune the branches of a fruit tree so that it produces more fruit.
  5. Harvesting: Once plants have grown, they are ready to be harvested. This means that horticulturists pick the fruits, vegetables, or flowers from the plants. For example, a farmer might harvest their wheat crop once it has ripened.

 

Identification Of Different Types of Horticulture Flowering Plants

  1. Annuals: These are flowering plants that complete their life cycle in one year. They grow from seed, flower, set seed, and then die. Some examples of annuals are petunias, marigolds, zinnias, and sunflowers.
  2. Perennials: These are flowering plants that live for several years. They die back to the ground in the fall or winter, but then regrow from their roots in the spring. Some examples of perennials are daylilies, hostas, peonies, and roses.
  3. Bulbs: These are underground storage structures that contain all the nutrients a plant needs to grow and flower. They can produce beautiful flowers year after year. Some examples of bulbs are tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, and crocuses.
  4. Shrubs: These are woody plants that have multiple stems and grow to be several feet tall. They produce beautiful flowers and can provide year-round interest in a garden. Some examples of shrubs are azaleas, camellias, hydrangeas, and roses.
  5. Trees: These are large woody plants that can grow to be many feet tall. They produce beautiful flowers in the spring and can provide shade and shelter for wildlife. Some examples of trees are dogwoods, magnolias, cherry blossoms, and apple trees

 

 

Evaluation

  1. What is horticulture? a. The study of animals b. The study of plants and how to grow them c. The study of weather patterns
  2. Which of the following is an example of a horticultural activity? a. Walking a dog b. Playing a video game c. Watering plants
  3. What is an annual in horticulture? a. A plant that lives for several years b. A plant that completes its life cycle in one year c. A plant that produces fruit
  4. Which of the following is an example of a perennial in horticulture? a. Sunflowers b. Tulips c. Petunias
  5. What are bulbs in horticulture? a. Above-ground storage structures for plants b. Underground storage structures for plants c. Structures that produce fruit
  6. Which of the following is an example of a shrub in horticulture? a. Cherry blossom tree b. Hyacinth bulb c. Azalea plant
  7. What are trees in horticulture? a. Plants that grow to be several feet tall b. Plants that complete their life cycle in one year c. Large woody plants that can grow to be many feet tall
  8. What is pruning in horticulture? a. Adding nutrients to soil b. Watering plants c. Cutting back branches or leaves
  9. What is harvesting in horticulture? a. Planting seeds in soil b. Picking fruits, vegetables, or flowers from plants c. Fertilizing plants with nutrients
  10. What do horticulturists do? a. Study animals b. Study plants and how to grow them c. Study weather patterns

 

Classwork

  1. Horticulture is the study of ___________ and how to grow them.
  2. A ___________ might use irrigation systems to water their crops.
  3. Perennials are flowering plants that live for ___________ years.
  4. Tulips and ___________ are examples of bulbs in horticulture.
  5. Azaleas and ___________ are examples of shrubs in horticulture.
  6. Trees are large woody plants that can grow to be many ___________ tall.
  7. Pruning in horticulture involves cutting back branches or ___________.
  8. Harvesting in horticulture involves picking fruits, vegetables, or ___________ from plants.
  9. A gardener might add compost or ___________ to their soil to help their plants grow.
  10. Horticulturists study plants and how to grow them, and they might work as ___________ or gardeners

 

Homework

  1. What is horticulture?
  2. Name three horticultural activities.
  3. What is an annual in horticulture?
  4. Give an example of a perennial in horticulture.
  5. What are bulbs in horticulture?
  6. Give an example of a shrub in horticulture.
  7. What are trees in horticulture?
  8. What is pruning in horticulture?
  9. What is harvesting in horticulture?
  10. What do horticulturists do?

 

Lesson Presentation

Revision of Previous Lesson 

 

Procedure:

I. Introduction (10 minutes) A. Start the lesson by asking students if they know what horticulture is and why it is important. B. Explain that horticulture is the study of plants and how to grow them, and it is important because plants provide food, oxygen, and beauty to our environment.

II. Identification of Different Types of Horticultural Flowering Plants (20 minutes) A. Show pictures of different types of horticultural flowering plants, such as annuals, perennials, bulbs, shrubs, and trees. B. Describe the characteristics of each type of plant and explain their importance in horticulture. C. Ask students to identify the plants and their characteristics.

III. Horticultural Activities (20 minutes) A. Discuss common horticultural activities, such as planting seeds, watering, fertilizing, pruning, and harvesting. B. Demonstrate planting seeds in small pots with soil, watering them, and placing them in a sunny location. C. Demonstrate pruning by cutting back some branches or leaves of a plant. D. Demonstrate harvesting by showing fruits, vegetables, and flowers that have been picked from plants.

IV. Conclusion (10 minutes) A. Recap the importance of horticulture and the different types of horticultural flowering plants and their characteristics. B. Ask students to share their favorite part of the lesson and what they learned. C. Encourage students to think about how they can care for plants and appreciate their beauty in their daily lives.

Assessment:

  • During the lesson, observe students’ engagement and participation in discussions and activities.
  • After the lesson, assess students’ understanding of horticulture by asking them to identify different types of horticultural flowering plants and explain their importance in horticulture

 

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