Drug Abuse








Drug Abuse







PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: Pupils have previous knowledge of     






At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

  • Define abuse
  • say the meaning of drug abuse/drug dependence


  • Causes of drug abuse


  • List the Implications or Effects of Drug Abuse


  • mention the measures for Preventing Drug Abuse



  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards


  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation



  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks








Causes of drug abuse

Implication or Effects of Drug Abuse

Measures for Preventing Drug Abuse

Meaning of drug abuse

Meaning of drug abuse/drug dependence

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder. Widely differing definitions of drug abuse are used in public health, medical and criminal justice contexts. In some cases, criminal or anti-social behavior occurs when the person is under the influence of a drug, and long-term personality changes in individuals may occur as well. In addition to possible physical, social, and psychological harm, use of some drugs may also lead to criminal penalties, although these vary widely depending on the local jurisdiction.


Public health practitioners have attempted to look at substance use from a broader perspective than the individual, emphasizing the role of society, culture, and availability. Some health professionals choose to avoid the terms alcohol or drug “abuse” in favor of language they consider more objective, such as “substance and alcohol type problems” or “harmful/problematic use” of drugs.


Drug abuse:  It is the use of drugs or other substance in a wrong way. It is the consumption of a drug or any other substance beyond what is required.


Drug dependence: It is the same thing as drug addiction, it is when drug abuse is no longer under the control of the person taking the drugs, and this is when the person becomes addicted to the drugs or substance, when the drugs becomes a dictator to a person’s life.


Physical dependence means that the affected person becomes physically ill and cannot stop taking the drugs.


Psychological dependence means when the person involve seeks a great need for the drug and will go any length to get the drugs he needed.


Examples of drug abuse are


Taking drugs not prescribed by the doctor

Smoking so many cigarettes

Taking alcoholic drinks to the extent of getting drunk

Taking easily available substances like analgesic tablets and coffee at all times.

Taking hard drugs like cocaine, marijuana and heroin.

Forms of drug abuse

Powerful pain killer (narcotics), example of this is: opium, heroin and cocaine.

Sleep inducing drugs: examples of sleep-inducing drugs are: barbiturates, this drug makes a person slow.

Stimulants like cocaine and amphetamines

Hallucination producing chemicals, they are drugs like marijuana.

Causes of drug abuse


Drug abuse occurs when you’re unable to control your use of prescribed drugs or you’re using another legal or illegal substance to the point that it interferes with your ability to function. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Each year, more than 22,000 people die from prescription drug abuse alone.


The following points below are causes of drug abuse


Bad influence and pressure: So many people are involved in drug abuse not because they want to but because of bad influence from friends and people they walk with, pressure from friends make people to get involved in drug abuse.

Anxiety and frustration: People get involved in drug abuse because of frustration that they are passing through and they believe that the drug will help them to be relieved of every frustration and anxiety.

Some people take drugs in order to escape mentally from their ordinary and boring life.

Some takes the drugs because they want to carry out some bad act, with the help of the drugs they will not be scared.

Accessibility to the drugs make people to take it

Some drivers who drive long distances and students who do not want to sleep because they want to read uses amphetamines and other stimulants

Measures for Preventing Drug Abuse


Drug Abuse can be prevented by Taking the Following Measures


Young people should be educated about the effects of drug abuse at a very early age before they engage in it.

The mass media can also help to make advertisements on the effect of drug abuse through the television, radio, newspaper and all other media.

Guardians, parents and teachers can also help in inculcating good morals into their young children.

The government must be ready to work with international agencies to combat and fight against drug abuse and all related situations.

Strict vigilance at our ports, sea ports and other entry ports will help to reduce drug abuse and drug trafficking in our country.

Government Agencies in Preventing Drug Abuse


The NDLEA (National Drug Law Enforcement Agency}


The establishment of the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) by the promulgation of Decree Number 48 of 1989, now Act of Parliament, was aimed at exterminating illicit drug trafficking and consumption in the Nigerian society. It is a well-known fact that any involvement in drugs, especially their importation, exportation, sale, transfer, purchase, cultivation, manufacture, extraction and possession is universally unacceptable. The establishment of the NDLEA was Nigeria’s deliberate attempt at joining the rest of the world in getting rid of this cankerworm within her borders.














The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise






  1. Explain what you understand by drug abuse.
  2. Is there a difference between drug abuse and drug dependence? Briefly explain.
  3. List and explain some forms of drug abuse that you know.
  4. What are some of the causes of drug abuse that you know?
  5. Explain the implications of drug abuse.
  6. What measures can be employed towards preventing drug abuse?
  7. What is crime?
  8. Who is a prostitute?
  9. Mention five causes of crime.
  10. What is arson?
  11. What is rape?
  12. What is smuggling?
  13. The following are common crimes except __ A. cultism B. murder C. prostitution D. reading
  14. One of the causes of common crimes is __ dancing B. poverty    C. education    D. ethnic
  15. Corruption is common among __ A. government officials’ civil servants C. politicians     D. all of the above
  16. One of the following is not a cause of cultism in Nigeria    A. greed    B. academic failure
  17. List and explain some of the factors that facilitate human and drug trafficking. 
  18. Which of these ways can drug trafficking be prevented——-? (a) sponsoring the traffickers (b) promoting the traffickers (c) through poverty eradication measures (d) consistent purchase of the hard drugs.
  19. What are the consequences of drug trafficking that you know? 
  20. All are examples of hard drugs except (a) heroin (b) cocaine (c) paracetamol (d) marijuana.





The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she makes the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.



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