Subject : 


Term :

First Term


Week 2

Class :

KG 1


Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of





Topic :


Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • pronounce simple words


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :


Phonemic awareness is all about the sounds of letters in words. It is a pre-reading skill that children in this class should develop for efficient reading.

Phonemic awareness is the ability of the children to notice, think about and work with the individual sounds in words. The children’s skill in phonemic awareness is a good predictor of reading success or otherwise.




In this lesson, we are looking at sound blending, segmentation and manipulation. All of these will help the children in decoding the relationship between sounds and letters.



In the previous term, they sounded two letter words. They should be conversant with that.

Now, they will sound each of the letters that make up a three letter word and try to blend the sounds to make up a word.


Cat——- to sound it: /c/ /a/ /t/ after they sound it, you say, blend ( blend means to join

all the sounds together.) when blending, ask the children to say each sound faster, the faster they say the sounds, the more the correct word will come out.

Dog—— to sound it: /d//o//g/. Blend it the same way they blended cat.

If you do this consistently for one week, every child that can identify letter names and sounds in the class will be able to sound even five letter words.

Try these words———- mat, bat, bit, bet, nap etc.







The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.


  1. spell two letter words
  2. pronounce three letter words
  3. blend letters to pronounce words 
  4. Mention the names of their friends and that of their teacher
  5. Write out their names or say their names and be able to spell their names
  6. What is your name