HISTORY SCHEME OF WORK JSS TWO

HISTORY SCHEME OF WORK JSS TWO

FIRST   TERM

WEEKS TOPICS CONTENT
  POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN NIGERIA  
1-10  Non- centralized states in pre-colonial Nigeria 1. Meaning of Non- centralized states

 

2. Characteristics of Non- centralized states

 

3. Examples of Non- centralized states in non-colonial         Nigeira.

·         Tiv

·         Idoma

·         Igbo

·         Urhobo

·         Ijo (Ijaw)

·         Oro (ORON)

·         Ibibio

·         Anang

 

 

 

 

11-12 REVISION AND EXAMINATION

 

 

 

 

week 1-10    [WEEK 1]

TOPIC; NON CENTRALIZED STATES IN PRECOLONIAL NIGERIA [ MEANING AND CHARACTERISTICS OF NON CENTRALIZED STAES]

 

WEEK 2 [ NON-CENTRALIZED STATES]

 

 

 

WEEK 3 [ TIV]

TOPIC; TIV

TRADITIONS OF ORIGIN;

 

WEEK 4

Topic; IDIOM

 

 

 

WEEK 5

TOPIC; EBIRA

 

 

WEEK 6

TOPIC; THE IGBO

 

WEEK 7

 

 

 

WEEK8

TOPIC; THE IJAW [IJO]

TRADITIONS OF ORIGIN

The ijaw were one of the ethnic groups found today in the niger delta region of Nigeria.in the earliest time,the Ijaw were identified with three settlements of bonny,Nembe and Kalabari.

According to history,the ijaw like many other tribes,had many traditions of origin,The first being the one that claimed three men were involved,These were OLODIA,ONYO and OBOLO.They were said to have come from Benin,

The second set of immigrants were led by ogidigba,who was a descendantof Ginuwa,the founder of the Itsekeri kingdom,while the third group of immigrants founded the coastal ports of akassa and Twon.

Another version of the origin of the Ijaw linked it to some Nemne rulers,in which the mostly remembered was Kala-Ekule through which seven rulers were identified,The last ruler was Busua who after his death,succession disputes arose between his two sons; Ogbodo and Mingi,This later led to a civil war which resulted into two lines of kingship in Nembe {brass]

SOCIO POLITICAL STRUCTURE OF THE IJAW

The ijaw speaking people developed a system of administration known as the house system as it was with other Niger Delta city states, This system made people to be grouped into households and ward.These were composed of families and village heads who became closer to their families in each house than any other groups,

he government was mainly in the hands of a group of elders while the house heads had powers of life and death over the households,

Houses were based on localized groups that were homogenous in their composition,consisting of group members,their wives and children,

Moreover,different house heads saw to the welfare of its people by the 18th centure,when trade in slaves took control of the economic activities of the ijaw,the house system developed into ‘ canoe house system’ under this situation,slaves and how status freemen could rise to the office of canoe house head in any of the ijaw city states as long as they maintained their socio-economic status of being wealthy,

The ijaw canoe houses were made up of organizations of kinsmen,slaves and strangers that came together for the purpose of participating in the atlantic slave trade,

The number of canoe that a house had was a proof of its strength and prosperity.

CLASSWORK;

1]Locate the ijaw on the map of Nigeria

2] highlight the traditions of origin of ijaw

3]explain the house system administration of the ijaw in pre-colonial period.

ASSIGNMENT;

Discuss the history of Ibibio

 

 

WEEK 9

THE IBIBIO

TRADITIONS OF ORIGIN

The Ibibio group of people that could be found mostly in Akwa-ibom state and also in some parts of Cross Rivers in the south-south geo-political zone of Nigeria

The traditions of origin of the Ibibio like that of some ethnic groups in Nigeria are not clear of reports of different versions.

The Ibibio said that they actually came from a place called Ibom,their legend story of origin stated that they first settled in a location between Arochukwu in the north,Ika in the west and Oron in the south,from this location,they later migrated to Uyo and Abak,

Another traditionof origin had it that old calabar was the home of early Ibibio settlers that settled at the mouth of calabar river,by the 13th century,the Ibibio spread out to establish other settlements,

Even though the Ibibio have affinity with the Efik in terms of language and culture,they have been able to maintain their tribal identity.

THE POLITICAL AND SOCIAL STRUCTURES OF THE IBIBIO

The Ibibio before colonial rule was one of the non-centralised states in Nigeria because politically,they practiced segmentary system of government,This means they were not united un der a single authority in which there were no rules as in empires and kingdoms,in view of the above,the Ibibio had the following political and social arrangements,

1]The Ibibio were formed and developed into village groups with each having an elder as the head ,the village was the political life of the Ibibio,

2]The Ibibio had village councils where ebery members of the society played his role to contribute to the discussion that will lead to the overall developments of each village,therefore,the village council was the decision making of each village,

3]The elders who were regarded as the head of each village group provided leadership at the village councils,His symbol of authority rested on the title holder like the ‘OFO’ title holders among the Igbo.There was also a senior title holder whose position was more or less ceremonial

CLASSWORK;

1]Who are the Ibibio?

2]how related are the Ibibio and the Anang speaking peole of Nigeria?

3]identify an area of similarity in the socio political life of the Ibibio and that of the igbo.

ASSIGNMENT

Who are the Oron and Anang?

 

 

WEEK 10

ORON AND ANANG

TRADITIONS OF ORIGIN OF ORON

Unlike many Niger delta tribes,orn did not have a dependable history to trace its origin,

it is believed that it had settled in the present location by 2370BC,after Noah’s deluge.

However,oron folklore revealed that Abang a great wrestler in Oron was overpowered by slaves traders and was sent to Egypt,

He escaped from Egypt and found his way back to Oron having established his presence in Cameroon,

SOCIO POLITICAL STRUCTURE OF ORON

Oron had non-centralised political structure,the following were some of the major organs that featured in her political structure;

1] The head was known as ‘Ahta oro,He ruled with other chiefs,

2]council of prists; This also helped in the administration of the oron society by making important decisions for the people

3]secret societies and association; These played the role of executing the decisions of council of priests,

4]Age grade group; Thye also helped the council of priest in enforcing their decisions

TRADITION OF ORIGIN OF ANANG

Anang people were believed to have originated fro Egypt,

their movement from Egypt started in 7500BC,they first settled in Ghana before finally settling in their present place,

Another oral version of their history said their ancestors were Israelites of the Northern Kingdom who settled in Egypt.It is believed that the Anang were products of Marriages between the Epyptians and the Isrealites,They later migrated to their present location Nigeria

SOCIO POLITICAL STRUCTURE OF ANANG

Like many Niger delta city states,Anang had non-centralised structure of administration in pre-colonial days,

The following featured in the political administration of Anang in the pre-colonial days;;

1]Obong; This was the head of the executive arm,He was the chief of the village or clan.He performed the role of the leader or ruler.

2]Afe Isong;; These were the elderly men in the society,they performed legislative functions among the Anang.

3]Association; In the pre-colonial days,Anang had societies and association for men and women,The women organizations were,ABIDE,ISONG IBANG,NYAAMA,ETC

CLASSWORK;;

1]Locate oron and afang on Nigeria map

2]trace the origins of oron and anang

3]Name two major leaders in oron political structure

ASSIGNMENT;;;

Identify two major leaders inAnang political structure

 

 

 

 

(Visited 42 times, 1 visits today)
error: Content is protected !!