Basic Science and Technology
Primary 6/ Basic 6
Previous lesson :
The pupils have previous knowledge of Synthetic & Naturally Occurring Drugs
Drug use and abuse
Specific Behavioural objectives :
At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- define drug abuse
- mention examples of drugs that are commonly abused
- explain the of excessive use of drugs
- list examples of drugs that are always abused
Instructional Materials :
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
Methods of Teaching :
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
Reference Materials :
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
Content Development :
Effects of Normal Dosage of Drugs
A dosage is the prescribed amount of medicine one can take at a time. Normal uses of drugs have their effects on our body.
(i) It makes us healthy.
(ii) It aids proper working of the body system.
(iii) It sustains our strength.
(iv) It relieves the sick person of their ailment.
Effect of Excessive Dosage of Drugs
Excessive dosage of drugs is taking drugs more than the body needs. This
always have bad effects on the body. Excessive use of drugs is thus a form of
The effects of excessive use of drugs are:
(i) Destruction of body cells.
(ii) Weakening of body organs.
(iii) Malfunction of the body systems.
(iv) Exposure of body to diseases.
Meaning of Drug Abuse
We have stated that drug abuse is the act of taking drugs without the
direction and prescription of a qualified medical doctor or pharmacist.
Drug abuse is a bad habit which endangers our health. It includes:
(i) Illegal taking of drugs.
(il) Taking of over-dose.
(ill) Taking treatment from quacks (unqualified medical, personnel).
(iv) Taking of expired drugs.
(v) Excessive taking of items like alcoholic drinks, cigarettes.
(vii) Taking sleeping pills such as Valium-5 (Diozeporn) without a doctor’s
Some of the drugs that can be abused include:
(i) Caffeine (ii) paracetamol
(iii) Heroine (IV) cocaine
(v) Valium (vi) madras
(vii) Indian hemp.
Effect of Drug Abuse
There are some drugs which are called hard drugs. These, we have learnt
earlier. They are so called because they have a very strong effect on a human’s
Examples of hard drugs are; cocaine (cracks), heroine, madras, cannabis,
Valium-5 (Diazepam), marijuana (Indian hemp)
The effects of drug abuse in human life can be:
(i) Health effects e.g. High blood pressure, stroke, weight loss, respiratory
tract infection (like tuberculosis), heart failure, sleeplessness, death..
(ii) Socio-economic effects – such as poor performance in school, truancy,
financial problems, violence and criminal actions e.g. bullying, rape and
(iii) Emotional effects – such as depression, anger, aggression.
(iv) Psychological and mental effects – such as madness, loss of memory.
Identification of Drug Abuse
The following are some of the signs of drug abuse:
(i) Loss of weight
(ii) Loss of appetite
(iii) Drunken behavior (staggering)
(iv) Tremors or convulsion
(v) Immoral behavior
Treatment of Drug Abuse
For drug abuse to be treated; the following could be done:
(i) Arranging guidance and counseling sessions for ‘drug abusers’.
(ii) Banning of hard drugs by the government.
(ill) Avoidance of bad company by drug abusers (peer group effect). drama
Le./ plays that are useful and purposeful.
Treatment of drug abuse may sometimes include imprisonment of
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
1 .State the meaning of drugs use.
2. List the effect excessive usage of drugs
3. Define drug abuse.
4, mention four effects of drug abuse
Prepare for the next lesson by reading about Our Weather
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