Understanding Food and Its Uses Basic Science and Technology Kindergarten Age 5 First Term Lesson Notes Week 8

Lesson Plan for Kindergarten

Subject: Basic Science and Technology
Class: Kindergarten
Term: First Term
Week: 8
Age: 4-5 years
Topic: Food
Sub-topic: Understanding Food and Its Uses
Duration: 40 minutes

Behavioural Objectives

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Give a simple meaning of food.
  2. Mention different types of food.
  3. Discuss the uses of food in the body.
  4. Classify junk foods and healthy foods.

Key Words

  • Food
  • Healthy
  • Junk food
  • Nutrition

Set Induction

Start by showing pictures and video clips of different types of food and asking pupils to identify them.

Entry Behaviour

Pupils likely have basic knowledge of foods they eat at home.

Learning Resources and Materials

  • Picture charts of different foods
  • Video clips on types of foods and their uses
  • Samples of various foods (e.g., rice, beans, yam, plantain, fufu)

Building Background / Connection to Prior Knowledge

Discuss with pupils the foods they had for breakfast or lunch and their favorite foods.

Embedded Core Skills

  • Critical thinking and problem solving
  • Communication and collaboration

Learning Materials

  • Audio-Visual Resources
  • Picture charts and video clips

Reference Books

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work

Instructional Materials

  • Samples of various foods (e.g., rice, beans, yam, plantain, fufu)
  • Picture charts
  • Video clips on food and nutrition


Simple Meaning of Food:

  1. Food: Anything we eat to give us energy and make us grow.

Types of Food:

  1. Examples of Food:
    • Rice
    • Beans
    • Yam
    • Plantain
    • Fruits and vegetables

Uses of Food in the Body:

  1. Energy: Food gives us energy to play and work.
  2. Growth: Food helps us grow big and strong.
  3. Health: Food keeps us healthy and helps fight sickness.

Classifying Foods:

  1. Healthy Foods: Fruits, vegetables, grains, proteins
  2. Junk Foods: Sweets, chips, sugary drinks

Objective Questions

  1. Food gives us ______ to play. a) Energy
    b) Water
    c) Air
    d) Light
  2. Rice and beans are examples of ______. a) Food
    b) Toys
    c) Clothes
    d) Books
  3. Vegetables are ______ foods. a) Healthy
    b) Junk
    c) Sweet
    d) Salty
  4. Sweets and chips are examples of ______ foods. a) Junk
    b) Healthy
    c) Spicy
    d) Bitter
  5. We need food to ______ big and strong. a) Grow
    b) Sleep
    c) Run
    d) Play
  6. Fruits help to keep us ______. a) Healthy
    b) Tired
    c) Dirty
    d) Sleepy
  7. Food that gives us energy is called ______. a) Carbohydrate
    b) Protein
    c) Fat
    d) Mineral
  8. We eat food to fight ______. a) Sickness
    b) Sleep
    c) Hunger
    d) Thirst
  9. Drinking too many sugary drinks is ______ for us. a) Bad
    b) Good
    c) Tasty
    d) Healthy
  10. Eating a lot of fruits and vegetables makes us ______. a) Healthy
    b) Sick
    c) Sleepy
    d) Tired

Class Activity Discussion:

  1. What is food?
    • Anything we eat to give us energy and help us grow.
  2. Name some healthy foods.
    • Fruits, vegetables, rice, beans, yam.
  3. What are junk foods?
    • Sweets, chips, sugary drinks.
  4. Why do we need food?
    • To give us energy, help us grow, and keep us healthy.
  5. Is rice a healthy food?
    • Yes, rice is a healthy food.
  6. What happens if we eat too much junk food?
    • It can make us unhealthy and sick.
  7. Why is it important to eat vegetables?
    • Vegetables keep us healthy and strong.
  8. Can fruits help us fight sickness?
    • Yes, fruits help us stay healthy and fight sickness.
  9. What do proteins do for our body?
    • Proteins help us grow and repair our body.
  10. Name a food that gives us energy.
    • Rice.


Step 1: Revising the Previous Topic

  • The teacher revises the previous topic: “First Aid Treatment for Wounds.”

Step 2: Introducing the New Topic

  • The teacher introduces the topic of food using picture charts and video clips.

Step 3: Pupils’ Contributions

  • The teacher allows the pupils to mention different types of food and discuss their uses.

Teacher’s Activities

  • Show pictures and video clips of various foods.
  • Explain the meaning of food and its uses.
  • Guide pupils in identifying healthy and junk foods.
  • Demonstrate with real food samples.

Learners’ Activities

  • Discuss the meaning of food in class.
  • Mention different types of foods they know.
  • Play “guess the food” game.
  • Sing rhymes on foods.
  • Classify foods as healthy or junk.


  • Pupils answer fill-in-the-blank questions.
  • Pupils participate in the “guess the food” game.

Evaluation Questions

  1. What is food?
  2. Name two types of healthy foods.
  3. What are junk foods?
  4. Why do we need food?
  5. Is fruit a healthy food?
  6. Name one type of junk food.
  7. What does food give us?
  8. How does food help our body?
  9. Why should we eat vegetables?
  10. What can happen if we eat too much junk food?


  • The teacher goes around to observe and provide feedback as pupils participate in the activities. The teacher ensures pupils understand the importance of healthy eating.

More Useful Links:

Spread the word if you find this helpful! Click on any social media icon to share
Use the search box to search for any topics or subjects that you want