Meaning, Importance, and Rules of Food Safety Home Economics Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 4

Stay Healthy with Food Safety: Primary 5 Guide

Home Economics Lesson Plan: Week 4

Subject: Home Economics
Class: Primary 5
Term: Third Term
Week: 4
Topic: Understanding Food Safety
Sub-topic: Meaning, Importance, and Rules of Food Safety
Duration: 45 minutes

Behavioural Objectives

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Define food safety and explain its importance.
  2. Identify and describe food safety rules.
  3. Demonstrate understanding by applying food safety rules in daily life.

Key Words

  • Food safety
  • Importance
  • Rules
  • Cleanliness
  • Hygiene

Entry Behaviour

Pupils have basic knowledge of food and kitchen hygiene practices.

Learning Resources and Materials

  • Pictures of food items and kitchen utensils
  • Flashcards
  • Charts showing food safety rules

Building Background/Connection to Prior Knowledge

Ask pupils about their experiences in the kitchen and if they know why it’s important to handle food safely.

Embedded Core Skills

  • Critical thinking
  • Communication
  • Hygiene practices

Reference Books

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Primary 5 Home Economics

Instructional Materials

  • Pictures
  • Flashcards
  • Charts

Content and Presentation

Meaning of Food Safety: Food safety means making sure the food we eat is safe and free from harmful bacteria or substances.

Importance of Food Safety: Food safety is important to prevent illness and keep us healthy. It ensures that the food we eat is safe to consume and won’t make us sick.

Food Safety Rules:

  1. Wash Hands: Always wash hands before handling food to prevent germs from spreading.
  2. Keep Clean: Keep cooking utensils, cutting boards, and countertops clean to avoid contamination.
  3. Separate Foods: Keep raw meats separate from other foods to prevent cross-contamination.
  4. Cook Thoroughly: Cook food, especially meat, poultry, and eggs, to the right temperature to kill harmful bacteria.
  5. Store Properly: Store food in the refrigerator or freezer to prevent spoilage and bacterial growth.
  6. Check Expiry Dates: Check expiration dates on food packages and discard expired items.
  7. Avoid Cross-Contamination: Use separate utensils and cutting boards for raw and cooked foods.
  8. Wash Produce: Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before eating or cooking to remove dirt and bacteria.
  9. Don’t Thaw Food at Room Temperature: Thaw frozen food in the refrigerator or microwave to avoid bacterial growth.
  10. Serve Safely: Serve food on clean plates and avoid leaving perishable food out for too long.

Class Activity Discussion on Food Safety

  1. Why is it important to wash hands before handling food?
    • Washing hands helps remove germs that can make us sick.
  2. How does keeping cooking utensils clean help?
    • Clean utensils prevent bacteria from contaminating our food.
  3. Why should we separate raw meats from other foods?
    • Separating prevents harmful bacteria from spreading to other foods.
  4. What does cooking food to the right temperature do?
    • Cooking kills harmful bacteria that can cause foodborne illnesses.
  5. How does storing food in the refrigerator help?
    • It keeps food cold, slowing down the growth of bacteria.
  6. Why should we check expiration dates on food packages?
    • Expired food may contain harmful bacteria, making us sick.
  7. What is the importance of using separate utensils for raw and cooked foods?
    • It prevents cross-contamination, keeping our food safe to eat.
  8. Why do we need to wash fruits and vegetables before eating them?
    • Washing removes dirt and bacteria that can make us ill.
  9. How does thawing frozen food in the refrigerator or microwave help?
    • It thaws food safely, preventing bacteria from multiplying.
  10. What does serving food on clean plates ensure?
    • It prevents contamination and keeps our food safe.
  11. How can we prevent food from spoiling?
    • By storing it properly in the refrigerator or freezer.
  12. Why is it important to cook meat to the right temperature?
    • Cooking kills harmful bacteria present in raw meat.
  13. What should we do if we find expired food in our pantry?
    • Discard it immediately to avoid foodborne illnesses.
  14. How can we avoid cross-contamination in the kitchen?
    • By using separate cutting boards and utensils for raw and cooked foods.
  15. Why should we handle food with clean hands?
    • To prevent transferring germs and bacteria to the food we eat.

These FAQs will help you understand how to keep your food safe and prevent foodborne illnesses! 🌟

Evaluation questions with multiple choice options on the topic of food safety:

  1. It’s important to wash hands before handling food to prevent __________.
    • a) dirt
    • b) bacteria
    • c) water
    • d) dust
  2. Keeping cooking utensils and countertops clean helps to avoid __________.
    • a) dirt
    • b) germs
    • c) water
    • d) bugs
  3. Separating raw meats from other foods helps prevent __________.
    • a) cooking
    • b) contamination
    • c) cleaning
    • d) freezing
  4. Cooking food to the right temperature helps kill __________.
    • a) bacteria
    • b) vegetables
    • c) fruits
    • d) insects
  5. Storing food in the refrigerator helps prevent __________.
    • a) freezing
    • b) spoilage
    • c) cooking
    • d) cleaning
  6. It’s important to check __________ dates on food packages.
    • a) production
    • b) expiration
    • c) cooking
    • d) washing
  7. Using separate utensils for raw and cooked foods helps avoid __________.
    • a) cleaning
    • b) contamination
    • c) cooking
    • d) freezing
  8. Washing fruits and vegetables before eating helps remove __________.
    • a) dirt
    • b) bacteria
    • c) water
    • d) bugs
  9. Thawing frozen food in the refrigerator or microwave helps avoid __________ growth.
    • a) bacterial
    • b) vegetable
    • c) fruit
    • d) insect
  10. Serving food on clean plates helps maintain __________.
    • a) cleanliness
    • b) organization
    • c) freezing
    • d) spoilage
  11. What should you wash before handling food?
    • a) Hands
    • b) Face
    • c) Hair
    • d) Feet
  12. Why is it important to keep cooking utensils clean?
    • a) To prevent contamination
    • b) To make them shiny
    • c) To make them smell good
    • d) To avoid cooking
  13. What does cooking food to the right temperature help kill?
    • a) Bacteria
    • b) Plants
    • c) Animals
    • d) Water
  14. How can you prevent food from spoiling?
    • a) Store it in the refrigerator
    • b) Leave it on the countertop
    • c) Keep it in the pantry
    • d) Freeze it
  15. Why should you thaw frozen food in the refrigerator or microwave?
    • a) To avoid bacterial growth
    • b) To make it cold
    • c) To make it hot
    • d) To make it taste better

Step 1: Review of Previous Topic (5 minutes)

Step 2: Introduction of the New Topic (5 minutes)

  • Teacher’s Activities:
    • Introduce the new topic: “Understanding Food Safety.”
    • Explain that food safety means keeping food safe and clean to eat.
  • Learners’ Activities:
    • Listen and note the new topic.

Step 3: Explanation and Discussion (15 minutes)

  • Teacher’s Activities:
    • Discuss the importance of food safety:
      • Prevents illness and keeps us healthy.
      • Avoids food poisoning and contamination.
    • Present food safety rules:
      1. Wash hands before and after handling food.
      2. Keep kitchen and utensils clean.
      3. Separate raw and cooked foods.
      4. Cook food thoroughly.
      5. Store food at proper temperatures.
  • Learners’ Activities:
    • Participate in the discussion and ask questions.

Step 4: Pupils’ Contributions and Corrections (10 minutes)

  • Teacher’s Activities:
    • Allow pupils to share their experiences and knowledge about food safety.
    • Correct any misconceptions and reinforce key points.
  • Learners’ Activities:
    • Share their understanding and ask questions for clarification.

Step 5: Demonstration and Application (10 minutes)

  • Teacher’s Activities:
    • Demonstrate proper handwashing technique.
    • Discuss scenarios and ask pupils to identify food safety practices.
  • Learners’ Activities:
    • Observe the demonstration and participate in discussions.

Step 6: Assessment (5 minutes)

  • Teacher’s Activities:
    • Ask pupils to name three food safety rules.
    • Evaluate understanding through responses.
  • Learners’ Activities:
    • Recall and state food safety rules.

Step 7: Conclusion (5 minutes)

  • Teacher’s Activities:
    • Summarize the lesson and emphasize key points.
    • Encourage pupils to apply food safety rules at home.
  • Learners’ Activities:
    • Listen to the summary and ask any final questions.


Ten Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is food safety?
  2. Why is food safety important?
  3. Name three food safety rules.
  4. What should you do before handling food?
  5. How do you keep the kitchen clean?
  6. Why should you separate raw and cooked foods?
  7. How can you ensure food is cooked thoroughly?
  8. What is the proper way to store food?
  9. When should you wash your hands when handling food?
  10. Why is it important to follow food safety rules?

This lesson plan helps pupils understand the importance of food safety and how to apply food safety rules in their daily lives. 🌟