Phonics Songs and Rhymes English Grammar Primary 1 First Term Lesson Notes Week 5

Phonics Songs and Rhymes


English Grammar


Primary 1


First Term Lesson Notes


Week 5


Lesson Title: Phonics Songs and Rhymes

Grade Level: Primary 1

Duration: 45 minutes

Learning Objectives:

  • By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:
    1. Recognize and pronounce common English sounds.
    2. Identify and recite words that contain the target phonics sounds.
    3. Sing and recite phonics songs and rhymes with proper pronunciation.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Phonemic Awareness: Recognizing and producing English sounds.
  • Vocabulary Building: Learning new words through phonics.
  • Pronunciation: Correct pronunciation of phonics sounds.
  • Listening Comprehension: Listening and repeating sounds and words.

Learning Materials:

  • Phonics chart with target sounds (e.g., /a/, /b/, /c/).
  • Visual aids (pictures of objects that start with target sounds).
  • Phonics songs and rhymes handout.
  • Whiteboard and markers.
  • Audio recording of phonics songs.


Introduction (10 minutes):

  1. Greeting and Attendance.
  2. Review of previous lessons on phonics.
  3. Explanation of today’s topic: Phonics Songs and Rhymes.
  4. Display the phonics chart with target sounds and related pictures.


Nigerian nursery songs and rhymes:

  1. “Ten Little Nigerian Boys and Girls” – A counting rhyme similar to “Ten Little Indians.”
  2. “Mama, Papa, I Don Hammer” – A playful song about a child pretending to be a construction worker.
  3. “Ise Oluwa Ko Seni To” – A traditional Yoruba Christian hymn often sung by children.
  4. “Eje Jesu O Gba Ara Mi” – Another Yoruba Christian hymn commonly taught to children.
  5. “Nigerian National Anthem” – Children often learn and sing the Nigerian National Anthem as a patriotic song.

Popular Nursery Songs / Rhymes 

  1. “Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star” Twinkle, twinkle, little star, How I wonder what you are! Up above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky.
  2. “Old MacDonald Had a Farm” Old MacDonald had a farm, E-I-E-I-O. And on that farm, he had some cows, E-I-E-I-O. With a moo-moo here and a moo-moo there, Here a moo, there a moo, Everywhere a moo-moo. Old MacDonald had a farm, E-I-E-I-O.
  3. “Row, Row, Row Your Boat” Row, row, row your boat, Gently down the stream. Merrily, merrily, merrily, merrily, Life is but a dream.
  4. “Hickory Dickory Dock” Hickory Dickory Dock, The mouse ran up the clock. The clock struck one, The mouse ran down, Hickory Dickory Dock.
  5. “Humpty Dumpty” Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, Humpty Dumpty had a great fall. All the king’s horses and all the king’s men Couldn’t put Humpty together again


Teacher’s Activities (15 minutes):

  1. Model proper pronunciation of the target sounds (/a/, /b/, /c/).
  2. Sing a phonics song or rhyme with the first target sound (/a/).
  3. Show a picture of an object that starts with /a/ (e.g., apple) and ask students to identify it.
  4. Have students repeat the sound and the word several times.
  5. Repeat the process for the other target sounds (/b/, /c/).
  6. Sing a phonics song or rhyme that includes words with /a/, /b/, and /c/ sounds.

Learners’ Activities (20 minutes):

  1. Students repeat after the teacher, pronouncing the target sounds and words.
  2. Students identify and name objects in pictures that start with the target sounds.
  3. Sing phonics songs and rhymes as a group, emphasizing correct pronunciation.


Phonics Songs and Rhymes Quiz

  1. “Twinkle, Twinkle, Little _______,” (a) car, (b) star, (c) tree.
  2. Phonics helps us learn and pronounce _______ sounds. (a) Chinese, (b) English, (c) French.
  3. Which word starts with the sound /b/? (a) apple, (b) bat, (c) dog.
  4. When we sing a phonics song, we practice our _______. (a) drawing, (b) pronunciation, (c) running.
  5. “Old MacDonald Had a _______,” (a) farm, (b) bicycle, (c) book.
  6. What is the sound of the letter ‘a’ in the word ‘apple’? (a) /k/, (b) /b/, (c) /a/.
  7. Which nursery rhyme mentions a wall and a great fall? (a) Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star, (b) Row, Row, Row Your Boat, (c) Humpty Dumpty.
  8. “Row, Row, Row Your _______,” (a) car, (b) boat, (c) plane.
  9. What is the sound of the letter ‘c’ in the word ‘cat’? (a) /b/, (b) /k/, (c) /d/.
  10. Phonics helps us learn how to read and _______. (a) write, (b) sing, (c) dance.
  11. Which nursery rhyme is about a mouse running up a clock? (a) Old MacDonald Had a Farm, (b) Row, Row, Row Your Boat, (c) Hickory Dickory Dock.
  12. “Hickory Dickory _______,” (a) mouse, (b) cat, (c) dog.
  13. What is the sound of the letter ‘b’ in the word ‘book’? (a) /k/, (b) /d/, (c) /b/.
  14. Phonics helps us become better _______ of English words. (a) readers, (b) builders, (c) singers.
  15. What did Humpty Dumpty sit on? (a) a wall, (b) a tree, (c) a chair

Conclusion (5 minutes):

  1. Recap of the lesson: What did we learn today?
  2. Homework assignment: Ask students to practice singing the phonics songs and rhymes at home.
  3. Preview of the next lesson.


  • Practice singing the phonics songs and rhymes at home.
  • Bring an object that starts with a specific sound for the next lesson.

Note to the Teacher:

  • Encourage active participation and create a fun learning environment.
  • Be patient and provide positive reinforcement for correct pronunciation.
  • Adjust the pace of the lesson according to the students’ progress.

By following this detailed lesson plan, you can effectively teach Primary 1 students about phonics songs and rhymes while developing their phonemic awareness and pronunciation skills.


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