Homework English Language Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 7


Subject :English Grammar

Class :Primary 5

Term :Third Term

Week: 7

Class: Basic 5

Subject: English Grammar

Topic : Homework Term For The Week 7

Meaning, Word Class and The pronunciation of the given words

1. Opaque:
– Dictionary meaning: Not transparent or translucent; not allowing light to pass through.
– Word class: Adjective.
– Pronunciation: oh-peyk.
– Simple sentence: The frosted glass window was opaque, so we couldn’t see what was happening inside the room.

2. Phenomenal:
– Dictionary meaning: Extraordinary or remarkable; exceptionally great.
– Word class: Adjective.
– Pronunciation: fuh-nom-uh-nl.
– Simple sentence: The young musician’s performance was phenomenal; the audience couldn’t stop applauding.

3. Spontaneous:
– Dictionary meaning: Happening or done in a natural, impulsive, or unplanned way.
– Word class: Adjective.
– Pronunciation: spon-tey-nee-uhs.
– Simple sentence: Lisa’s spontaneous decision to organize a surprise party made her friends extremely happy.

4. Arbitrary:
– Dictionary meaning: Based on personal choice or whim rather than any reason or system.
– Word class: Adjective.
– Pronunciation: ahr-bi-trer-ee.
– Simple sentence: The teacher’s grading system seemed arbitrary, as it lacked clear criteria.

5. Entrepreneur:
– Dictionary meaning: A person who sets up and operates a business or businesses, taking financial risks in the hope of profit.
– Word class: Noun.
– Pronunciation: ahn-truh-pruh-nur.
– Simple sentence: Mark Zuckerberg is a well-known entrepreneur who founded Facebook.

6. Deficit:
– Dictionary meaning: The amount by which something, especially money or resources, is too small or insufficient.
– Word class: Noun.
– Pronunciation: def-i-sit.
– Simple sentence: The company had to cut costs due to a financial deficit in their budget.

7. Heroism:
– Dictionary meaning: Great bravery or courageous action.
– Word class: Noun.
– Pronunciation: heer-oh-iz-uhm.
– Simple sentence: The firefighter’s heroism saved the family from the burning building.

8. Anesthetic:
– Dictionary meaning: A substance that causes insensitivity to pain, used especially in surgery.
– Word class: Noun.
– Pronunciation: an-es-thet-ik.
– Simple sentence: The dentist applied an anesthetic to numb the patient’s gums before the procedure.

9. Jewelry:
– Dictionary meaning: Personal ornaments, such as necklaces, rings, or bracelets, typically made from precious metals and gemstones.
– Word class: Noun.
– Pronunciation: joo-uhl-ree.
– Simple sentence: She received a beautiful necklace as a gift on her birthday; it was her favorite piece of jewelry.

10. Monumental:
– Dictionary meaning: Great in importance, extent, or size; significant.
– Word class: Adjective.
– Pronunciation: mon-yuh-men-tl.
– Simple sentence: The construction of the monumental skyscraper took several years to complete.


Lesson Plan Presentation: Introduction to Vocabulary Words

Learning Objectives:
1. Students will learn the meanings, word classes, and pronunciations of the given words.
2. Students will be able to use each word in simple sentences correctly.
3. Students will enhance their vocabulary skills and improve their understanding of English grammar.

Embedded Core Skills:
1. Reading comprehension
2. Vocabulary development
3. Sentence construction
4. Pronunciation and phonetics

– Whiteboard or blackboard
– Markers or chalk
– Student notebooks or worksheets
– Dictionary (preferably online or mobile)


Step 1: Introduction (5 minutes)
– Greet the students and introduce the topic: “Today, we will learn and explore new vocabulary words to enhance our English language skills.”
– Write the ten words on the board: opaque, phenomenal, spontaneous, arbitrary, entrepreneur, deficit, heroism, anesthetic, jewelry, monumental.

Step 2: Dictionary Meaning, Word Class, and Pronunciation (15 minutes)
– Explain that we will look up the words in a dictionary to find their meanings, word classes, and pronunciations.
– Use an online or mobile dictionary to find the information for each word.
– Call on different students to read out the meanings, word classes, and pronunciations for each word.
– Write the details on the board for reference.

Step 3: Simple Sentence Construction (20 minutes)
– Explain that using the words in sentences will help us understand their usage better.
– Provide simple sentence examples using each word and write them on the board.
– Encourage students to come up with their own sentences using the words.
– Divide the class into pairs or small groups and have them share their sentences with each other.
– Monitor and provide guidance as needed.

Teacher’s Activities:
– Introduce the topic and facilitate the discussion.
– Guide students in finding the dictionary meanings, word classes, and pronunciations.
– Provide sentence examples and assist students in constructing their own sentences.
– Monitor and assess students’ progress during the activities.

Learners’ Activities:
– Participate in the discussion and ask questions.
– Find the meanings, word classes, and pronunciations of the words using a dictionary.
– Construct simple sentences using the given words.
– Collaborate with peers to share and discuss their sentences.

– Monitor students’ engagement and participation during the activities.
– Evaluate students’ ability to find the meanings, word classes, and pronunciations of the words accurately.
– Assess students’ sentence construction skills and their ability to use the words correctly.

Ten Evaluation Questions:
1. What is the meaning of the word “opaque”?
2. Which word class does “phenomenal” belong to?
3. How would you pronounce the word “spontaneous”?
4. Give an example of a sentence using the word “arbitrary.”
5. Define the term “entrepreneur” in your own words.
6. Write down the word class of the term “deficit.”
7. Can you think of a sentence that includes the word “heroism”?
8. How do you pronounce the word “anesthetic”?
9. What is the dictionary meaning of the word “jewelry”?
10. Use the word “monumental” in a sentence.

– Recap the vocabulary words, their meanings, word classes, and pronunciations.
– Highlight the importance of expanding vocabulary and using words accurately in sentences.
– Encourage students to continue practicing and exploring new words.

– Mention the dictionary used for the definitions, word classes, and pronunciations.

Suggestions for Further Reading:
– Recommend age-appropriate books, websites, or online resources for students to explore and expand their vocabulary further.


URL: [Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries](https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/)

URL: Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries

Note: The URL provided is just an example. You can use any reliable online dictionary resource suitable for primary students.


Additional Information:

– You can extend the lesson by asking students to create a vocabulary notebook where they can write down the new words they learn each week. This will encourage them to revise and use the words in their writing.

– Encourage students to practice using the words in various contexts, such as writing short stories or dialogues, to reinforce their understanding and application of the vocabulary.

– Incorporate vocabulary games or activities, such as word puzzles or vocabulary quizzes, to make the learning process more interactive and enjoyable.

– Continuously reinforce the importance of using accurate vocabulary and clear sentence structures in written and spoken communication.


By following this lesson plan, students will not only gain knowledge of new words but also enhance their understanding of word classes, pronunciation, and sentence construction. This will contribute to their overall English language development.




1. The glass window was __________, so we couldn’t see through it.

a) transparent

b) opaque

c) translucent


2. The magician’s tricks were __________; the audience was amazed.

a) ordinary

b) phenomenal

c) mediocre


3. Sarah made a __________ decision to go on a spontaneous trip with her friends.

a) planned

b) spontaneous

c) careful


4. The judge’s ruling seemed __________ as there was no logical explanation.

a) fair

b) arbitrary

c) justifiable


5. Mark Zuckerberg is a successful __________ who founded Facebook.

a) investor

b) entrepreneur

c) employee


6. The country’s budget showed a significant __________ due to excessive spending.

a) surplus

b) deficit

c) balance


7. The firefighter’s __________ saved the child from the burning building.

a) cowardice

b) heroism

c) indifference


8. The dentist used an __________ to numb the patient’s gums before the extraction.

a) anesthetic

b) antibiotic

c) antiseptic


9. She received a beautiful piece of __________ as a gift on her birthday.

a) jewelry

b) bracelet

c) accessory


10. The construction of the new building was a __________ task that took several months.

a) minor

b) monumental

c) insignificant


11. The __________ sky at sunset left everyone in awe.

a) extraordinary

b) phenomenal

c) average


12. John’s __________ speech at the event inspired everyone in the audience.

a) courageous

b) arbitrary

c) spontaneous


13. The artist used __________ colors to create an abstract painting.

a) opaque

b) transparent

c) vibrant


14. The country’s economy faced a __________ due to a decrease in exports.

a) surplus

b) deficit

c) profit


15. Rosa’s act of saving the drowning child displayed great __________.

a) cowardice

b) heroism

c) carelessness


16. The patient was administered an __________ to numb the pain during the surgery.

a) anesthetic

b) antibiotic

c) antiseptic


17. She adorned herself with beautiful __________ for the wedding ceremony.

a) jewelry

b) necklace

c) ornament


18. The team’s victory in the championship was a __________ achievement.

a) minor

b) monumental

c) trivial


19. The scientist made a __________ discovery that could revolutionize the field of medicine.

a) ordinary

b) phenomenal

c) mediocre


20. The couple made a __________ decision to go on a spontaneous road trip.

a) planned

b) spontaneous

c) careful

Feel free to adapt or modify these questions to suit your teaching needs.