CONCEPT OF TECHNOLOGY & CAREER PROSPECTS IN TECHNOLOGY

Subject : BASIC TECHNOLOGY

 

Term : FIRST TERM

 

Week: Week 1

 

Class : JSS1

 

 

Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of Basic Technology in their previous classes

Topic :

CONCEPT OF TECHNOLOGY & CAREER PROSPECTS IN TECHNOLOGY

Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Define technology
  • mention products  of technology
  • State the  economic activities in developed and underdeveloped technology
  • write out the importance of technology
  • mention the career prospects in technology

 

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation

 

Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks

 

Content :

 

MEANING OF TECHNOLOGY

The term is derived from the Greek words tekhnē, which refers to an art or craft, and logia, meaning an area of study. Thus, technology means literally, the study or science of crafting. Technology can be defined as the processes (methods) and products (materials) that make life easy and stress free. It is also the application of acquired systematic and scientific knowledge in the development of tools and machines by people to enable them to provide various needs.

 

Technology is the processes (method) and products (materials) that make life easy and stress free. It can also be defined as cultural traditions developed in human communities for developing the physical and biological environment.

Basic Technology comprises of woodwork, metalwork, building technology, automobile technology, electrical/electronics, technical drawing.

Technology has positively affected every area of our life. Therefore, technology makes our work easier, faster, neater, more accurate and more reliable.

 

Technology is the general term for the processes by which human beings fashion tools and machines to increase their control and understanding of the material environment.

Technology is the study, development, and application of devices, machines, and techniques for manufacturing and production processes.

Technology is also a method or methodology that uses technical knowledge or tools.

 

PRODUCTS OF TECHNOLOGY

The use of hoes and cutlass has been replaced by the use of tools and machines powered by steam, water, wind, electricity and sun.

Product of technology refers to the materials, machines and equipment that are used to make life easier. They are the finished products of engineering works; the tools used to achieve specific objectives. Examples of products of technology are pressing iron, tractor, G.S.M / cell phone, air conditioner, grinding machine, gas cooker, washing machine, electric bulb e.t.c

 

Benefits of Technology

  1. Technology has improved our transportation system. People can move from one place to another on cars, airplane, trains etc. as means of transportation system.
  2. Technology has improved communication system. Information beyond our solar system is being gathered through various means such as Telex, radio etc. computer system, internet, e-mail as a means of communication system to make business contact, invitation, alert etc.
  3. Technology has improved the working environment. The use of machines to produce goods and services has reduced the necessity for human and animals labour.
  4. Technology has brought improvement in literacy and educational levels to the society.
  5. Technology has improved the development of medical health care delivery
  6. Technology has improved quality of goods and increased production as a result for farming , using agricultural equipment e.g. harvesters, tractors etc.

 

ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES IN DEVELOPED AND UNDER DEVELOPED TECHNOLOGY

ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES UNDERDEVELOPED TECHNOLOGY MODERN TECHNOLOGY
FARMING Hoes, Cutlasses, Knives Tractor, bulldozer, plough, big machines
FISHING Nets ,hooks and traps Sophisticated and fast moving fishing vessels
TRANSPORTATION Trekking, horses and Camels. Cars , railway, aircraft and ocean lines
COMMUNICATION Oral message and letter writing Telephone ,radio message and television, telex
FOOD PRESERVATION Drying, salting e.t.c Refrigeration, canning e.t.c
AGRICULTURAL Manure and animal faeces Fertilizer

IMPORTANCE OF TECHNOLOGY

  1. It encourages creativity in students.
  2. It provides students with a solid foundation for future training in pre-vocational subjects.
  3. It prepares students with basic technological literacy.
  4. It enhances technological growth from the grass roots.
  5. It makes students self-reliant.

BASIC UNITS OR SUBJECTS  OF TECHNOLOGY

    1. Basic Electricity & Electronic
    2. Auto-Mechanical & Mechanical Engineering
    3. Wood Work
    4. Metal Work
    5. Technical Drawing
    6. Building Construction

 

Life Application of Technology

LIFE APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGY (What Technology has contributed to human living)

People with inquiring and creative minds will always use technology and right attitude to overcome the limitations of their environment. It was shown that many tasks that are otherwise next to impossible are now possible due to technological innovations. We can now travel fast by air, sea, or land. We can lift heavy loads by use of cranes and can cultivate large areas of land by use of slashers, ploughs, harrowers and tractors. Nowadays, the economic power of a country does not depend on its having a large population or abundant natural resources but rather on technology. There is a chance for everybody to contribute his quota to technological development no matter how small.

 

 

CAREER PROSPECTS IN TECHNOLOGY

There are many occupations in the field of technology: mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronics engineering, computer engineering, telecommunication engineering, civil engineering, building engineering, chemical engineering, aeronautical engineering, architecture, etc

 

 

Presentation

 

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

 

Conclusion

The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.

 

Evaluation

  • Explain
  • Mention
  • Write out
  • What is
  • ____ the processes (methods) and products (materials) that make life easy and stress free (a) Machine (b) Tool (c) Equipment (d)Technology
  • Technology is derived from the Greek words tekhnē, which refers to a/an___ (a) art or craft (b) test (c) training (d) trash.
  • The following are products of technology except (a) stone (b) microwave (c) aircraft (d) computer
  • The following are modern technology except (a)cars (b)mobile phone (c)tractor (d) hoes
  • The following are the importance of technology except …………..
    1. It encourages creativity in students.
    2. It provides students with a solid foundation for future training in pre-vocational subjects.
    3. It prepares students with basic technological literacy.
    4. It encourages waste of resources.

 

THEORY

      1. Define technology.
      2. State 10 products of technology.
      3. State the differences in economic activities in developed and underdeveloped technology.
      4. What is technology
      5. In your own view, write life application of technology
      6. List 4 subjects under Basic Technology
      7. What is Technology?
      8. Name three subjects under Basic Technology
      9. What are the benefits of technology?

Assignment

Prepare for the next lesson by reading about

WORKSHOP SAFETY RULES AND RESOLUTIONS

 

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