Kíkọ Alífábetì Yorùbá Yoruba Nursery 2 First Term Lesson Notes Week 1

Ọ̀ṢẸ̀ KÍNNÍ: Kíkọ Alífábetì Yorùbá

Subject: Èdè Yorùbá
Class: Nursery 2
Term: First Term
Week: 1
Topic: Kíkọ Alífábetì Yorùbá
Sub-topic: A títi dé Ẹ


By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Identify Yoruba alphabet letters A, B, D, E, Ẹ.
  2. Pronounce these letters correctly.
  3. Recognize and name objects starting with these letters.


  • Alífábetì (Alphabet)
  • Ìdánimọ̀ (Identify)
  • Fọnẹ́tíì (Phonics)

Entry Behaviour:

Pupils are familiar with basic sounds and some letters in their native language.

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • Yoruba alphabet chart
  • Flashcards with letters A, B, D, E, Ẹ
  • Picture cards for each letter
  • Music player

Building Background / Connection to Prior Knowledge:

Discuss with pupils the importance of learning their native alphabet and how it helps in reading and writing.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Observation
  • Listening
  • Pronunciation
  • Memory

Reference Books:

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work
  • Yoruba language textbooks for early learners

Instructional Materials:

  • Yoruba alphabet chart
  • Flashcards with letters A, B, D, E, Ẹ
  • Picture cards for example words:
    • A – Aja (dog), Aga (chair)
    • B – Bata (shoes), Baba (father)
    • D – Dodo (fried plantain), Doje (mosquito net)
    • E – Ejo (snake), Eti (ear)
    • – Ẹja (fish), Eye (bird), Ẹnu (mouth)
  • Music player


Pupils will learn the Yoruba alphabet letters A, B, D, E, and Ẹ through flashcards, picture cards, and interactive activities.


Step 1: Introduction

  • Introduce the topic: “Kíkọ Alífábetì Yorùbá” (Learning Yoruba Alphabet).
  • Explain the importance of knowing the alphabet.

Step 2: Teacher Demonstration

  • Show the Yoruba alphabet chart and point to each letter A, B, D, E, and Ẹ.
  • Pronounce each letter clearly and have pupils repeat after you.
  • Use the picture cards to show examples of words that start with each letter.
  • Play a Yoruba alphabet song to make learning fun.

Step 3: Pupil Participation

  • Distribute flashcards with letters A, B, D, E, and Ẹ.
  • Show a picture card and ask pupils to identify the letter it starts with.
  • Call out a letter and have pupils with the corresponding flashcard stand up and pronounce the letter.
  • Engage pupils in singing the Yoruba alphabet song together.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Demonstrate pronunciation of each letter.
  • Show picture cards and guide pupils in identifying letters and words.
  • Lead the singing of the alphabet song.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Repeat the pronunciation of letters after the teacher.
  • Identify letters on their flashcards.
  • Participate in identifying pictures and their starting letters.
  • Sing the Yoruba alphabet song.


  • Observe pupils as they identify and pronounce letters.
  • Check their ability to recognize the sounds of each letter and identify example words.
  • Note their participation and enthusiasm.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. Kí ló jẹ́ lẹ́tà àkọ́kọ́ nínú alífábetì Yorùbá?
  2. Tún lẹ́tà ‘Ẹ’ kà.
  3. Ṣe ó rọrùn láti kọ́ alífábetì?
  4. Kí ni orúkọ lẹ́tà tí ó wà lẹ́yìn ‘A’?
  5. Ṣe o lè sọ̀rọ̀ kan tí ó bẹ̀rẹ̀ pẹ̀lú lẹ́tà ‘D’?
  6. Kí ni orúkọ ti ìwé náà?
  7. Kí ni ẹsẹ̀ tí o ṣe kàn nínú ẹkọ́ yìí?
  8. Ṣe ó dùn láti kọrin alífábetì Yorùbá?
  9. Kí ni orúkọ kan tí ó bẹ̀rẹ̀ pẹ̀lú lẹ́tà ‘B’?
  10. Kí ni orúkọ ẹ̀dá tí ó bẹ̀rẹ̀ pẹ̀lú lẹ́tà ‘Ẹ’?


  • The teacher goes around to observe and assist pupils.
  • Praise pupils for their efforts.
  • Encourage them to practice at home with parents.


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