Revision Computer Studies Primary 2 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 11

Subject: Computer Studies
Class: Primary 2
Term: Third Term
Week: 11
Topic: Understanding Computer Functions
Sub-topic: Introduction to Shutting Down the Computer
Duration: 45 minutes

Behavioural Objectives:

  • Students will be able to identify different ways of shutting down a computer.
  • Students will understand the purpose of shutting down a computer.
  • Students will differentiate between sleep, hibernate, restart, and shutdown functions.

Key Words: Computer, shut down, sleep, hibernate, restart, shutdown

Entry Behaviour: Students should be familiar with the basic functions of a computer, such as turning it on and using the mouse.

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Pictures or diagrams of computer screens showing shutdown options
  • Illustrated story or video demonstrating shutting down a computer
  • Flashcards with key terms

Building Background/Connection to Prior Knowledge:

  • Review previous lessons on computer components and basic functions.
  • Relate shutting down a computer to actions students are familiar with, like turning off lights or closing a book.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Critical thinking: Analyzing different shutdown options and their purposes.
  • Communication: Discussing and explaining the process of shutting down a computer.

Learning Materials:

  • Textbook: “Introduction to Computer Basics for Primary Students”
  • Worksheets on computer functions and shutdown options
  • Interactive computer simulation or game demonstrating shutdown procedures

Reference Books: Lagos State Scheme of Work for Primary 2 Computer Studies

Instructional Materials:

  1. Start the lesson by revising the previous topic, which was “Understanding Computer Mouse Functions.” Review the uses of a mouse and how it helps to navigate the computer screen.
  2. Introduce the new topic: “Understanding Computer Shutdown Options.” Explain that shutting down a computer is like putting it to sleep after finishing our work.
  3. Show pictures or diagrams of computer screens displaying sleep, hibernate, restart, and shutdown options. Describe each option briefly, using simple language and examples.
  4. Allow students to give their own contributions by asking questions like:
    • “When do you think it’s best to shut down a computer?”
    • “Have you ever seen these options on a computer screen?”
  5. Correct students’ understanding as needed. Emphasize the importance of shutting down a computer properly to save energy and keep it working well.

Part A: Fill-in-Blank Questions (with options a, b, c, or d)

  1. The device used to move the cursor on the computer screen is called a ___________. a) Keyboard b) Mouse c) Monitor d) Printer
  2. The first generation of computers used ___________ tubes for processing data. a) Vacuum b) Transistor c) Microchip d) Processor
  3. Which generation of computers introduced the use of integrated circuits? a) First b) Second c) Third d) Fourth
  4. Computers from the fourth generation are characterized by the use of ___________. a) Vacuum tubes b) Integrated circuits c) Transistors d) Microchips
  5. General purpose computers are designed for ___________ tasks. a) Specific b) Common c) Specialized d) Limited
  6. The process of putting a computer into a low-power state where it can quickly resume is called ___________. a) Shutdown b) Hibernate c) Restart d) Sleep
  7. When you hibernate a computer, it saves its current state to the ___________. a) RAM b) Hard disk c) CPU d) Monitor
  8. Restarting a computer means ___________. a) Turning it off completely b) Putting it to sleep c) Shutting down temporarily d) Turning it off and then on again
  9. The main purpose of special purpose computers is to perform ___________ tasks. a) Specific b) General c) Common d) Multitasking
  10. Computers are classified by their ___________. a) Size b) Color c) Shape d) Purpose
  11. Special purpose computers are designed for ___________ tasks. a) General b) Common c) Specific d) Multitasking
  12. When you shut down a computer, all running programs are ___________. a) Closed b) Minimized c) Expanded d) Restarted
  13. The purpose of classifying computers by generations is to understand their ___________. a) Design b) History c) Color d) Weight
  14. A general purpose computer can perform ___________ tasks. a) Limited b) Specific c) Common d) Specialized
  15. Special purpose computers are designed for ___________ tasks. a) Specific b) General c) Common d) Multitasking

Part B: Fill-in-Blank Questions (without options)

  1. What is the main purpose of using a mouse with a computer?
  2. Name one component of first-generation computers.
  3. What type of circuits are characteristic of computers from the fourth generation?
  4. What is the difference between special purpose and general purpose computers?
  5. Describe what happens when a computer is hibernated.
  6. When would you choose to restart a computer instead of shutting it down?
  7. How do special purpose computers differ from general purpose computers?
  8. Define the term “computer generation.”
  9. What are the key features of computers from the fourth generation?
  10. Explain the process of shutting down a computer.

Part C: Short Answer Questions

  1. Describe two uses of a computer mouse.
  2. Compare and contrast the first and third generations of computers.
  3. What advancements were introduced in the fifth generation of computers?
  4. Explain the difference between shutting down and restarting a computer.
  5. Provide an example of a special purpose computer and explain its function

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Lead the discussion on computer shutdown options.
  • Provide examples and demonstrations of each option.
  • Encourage student participation and questions.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen attentively to the teacher’s explanations.
  • Ask questions if anything is unclear.
  • Discuss and share their experiences with using different shutdown options.


  • Observe students’ participation and understanding during the lesson.
  • Evaluate their ability to identify and differentiate between shutdown options.
  • Assess their responses to questions and discussions.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is the purpose of shutting down a computer?
  2. Name two ways to shut down a computer.
  3. How is hibernating a computer different from putting it to sleep?
  4. When would you choose to restart a computer?
  5. Describe what happens when you shut down a computer.
  6. Why is it important to shut down a computer properly?
  7. What are the options you see on a computer screen when you want to shut it down?
  8. Can you give an example of when you might use the hibernate option?
  9. How does restarting a computer help to solve some problems?
  10. What should you do before shutting down a computer to make sure your work is saved?


  • Go around the class to mark students’ understanding and provide feedback.
  • Reinforce key points about shutting down a computer and encourage students to practice what they’ve learned at home.
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