Celebrating Nigerian Festivals Comprehension English Grammar Primary 2 First Term Lesson Notes Week 9


Subject: English Grammar

Class: Primary 2

Term: First Term

Week: 9

Topic: Vocabulary Building – Exploring Festival Vocabulary

Sub-topic: Understanding New Words from the Passage on Celebrating Nigerian Festivals

Duration: 45 minutes

Previous Knowledge: Students should have basic reading and comprehension skills. They should also be familiar with the concept of festivals.

Learning Objectives:

  • To analyze new words to determine their meaning.
  • To explain the meaning of each word given to them.
  • To identify synonyms of the new words.
  • To use the new words in their sentences.
  • To dramatize the meaning of the new words.

Embedded Core Skills: Vocabulary building, word analysis, context comprehension, synonyms, creative expression.

Learning Materials:

  • Whiteboard and markers.
  • Flashcards with new words (Eid-el-Fitr, New Yam Festival, Osun-Osogbo Festival).
  • Pictures related to the festivals.
  • Chalk or small whiteboards and chalk/markers for each student.


  1. Introduction to the lesson and its relevance.
  2. Word analysis to determine the meaning.
  3. Vocabulary explanation based on the passage.
  4. Discussion of synonyms and sentence creation.
  5. Dramatization activity to reinforce understanding.


Title: Celebrating Nigerian Festivals

In Nigeria, we have many different festivals that we celebrate. These festivals are a big part of our culture and traditions. They are special times when people come together to have fun, enjoy delicious food, and celebrate our heritage.

One of the most famous festivals in Nigeria is the Eid-el-Fitr. It’s celebrated by our Muslim friends to mark the end of Ramadan, a month of fasting. Families get together, wear beautiful clothes, and exchange gifts. They also share delicious dishes like jollof rice, fried chicken, and sweets. It’s a time of happiness and giving.

Another exciting festival is the New Yam Festival celebrated by the Igbo people. Yams are an important food in Nigeria, and this festival is all about giving thanks for a good yam harvest. People dress in colorful traditional clothing, and there are parades, dancing, and lots of yam dishes to enjoy.

In the southwest, we have the Osun-Osogbo Festival. It’s a celebration of the river goddess Osun. People come to the Osun River in Osogbo to give thanks, pray, and seek blessings. There are processions, art, and music during this festival.

Nigeria is a country with many different ethnic groups, and each group has its unique festivals and traditions. Learning about these festivals helps us understand and appreciate the diversity of our culture.

So, next time you see people celebrating these festivals, you’ll know a little more about the rich culture and traditions of Nigeria.

Comprehension Questions:

  1. What is the Eid-el-Fitr festival, and why is it celebrated?
  2. Why is the New Yam Festival important to the Igbo people?
  3. What happens during the Osun-Osogbo Festival?
  4. Why is it important to learn about different festivals in Nigeria?
  5. How would you describe the diversity of Nigerian culture and traditions?


Step 1 – Introduction (5 minutes):

  • Begin by revisiting the passage about Nigerian festivals and the new words introduced in the passage.
  • Explain the importance of understanding new words.

Step 2 – Word Analysis (10 minutes):

  • Write the new words (Eid-el-Fitr, New Yam Festival, Osun-Osogbo Festival) on the board.
  • Ask students to analyze the words and think about what they might mean based on the context of the passage.
  • Encourage them to share their ideas.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Write the new words on the board.
  • Encourage students to think and participate.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Think about the meanings of the new words.
  • Share their ideas and interpretations.

Step 3 – Vocabulary Explanation (10 minutes):

  • Provide the correct meanings of the words based on the passage.
  • Explain that Eid-el-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan, New Yam Festival celebrates the yam harvest, and Osun-Osogbo Festival is a celebration of the river goddess Osun.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Explain the meanings of the new words.
  • Clarify any doubts or questions from students.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen and understand the meanings of the new words.

Activity 3 – Synonyms and Sentences (10 minutes):

  • Discuss synonyms for each of the new words.
  • Encourage students to create sentences using the new words and their synonyms.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Facilitate the discussion about synonyms.
  • Assist students in forming sentences.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Participate in discussions about synonyms.
  • Create sentences using the new words and synonyms.

Activity 4 – Dramatization (10 minutes):

  • Divide the students into small groups.
  • Assign each group one of the new words.
  • Ask them to create a short skit or drama to demonstrate the meaning of their word.
  • Have each group perform their skit for the class.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Organize the groups and assign words.
  • Supervise and guide the dramatization activity.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Collaborate within their groups to create skits.
  • Perform the skits to convey the meanings of the words.

Review and Conclusion (5 minutes):

  • Recap the meanings of the new words and the synonyms discussed.
  • Encourage students to use these words in their daily conversations and writing.
  • Praise them for their creativity during the dramatization activity.

This lesson plan aims to engage students in vocabulary building and word analysis while making the learning process interactive and enjoyable. It emphasizes the practical use of new words in sentences and dramatic activities to enhance understanding.