Measurement – Time (O’Clock) Number Work Kindergarten Age 5 First Term Lesson Notes Week 8

Subject: Number Work

Class: Kindergarten

Term: First Term

Week: Week 8

Age: 5 years

Topic: Measurement – Time (O’Clock)

Sub-topic: Time (O’Clock)

Duration: 45 minutes

Behavioural Objectives:

  • Students will understand the concept of time and its importance.
  • Students will recognize a clock as an important object in the environment.
  • Students will identify the hour hand and the minute hand on an analog clock.
  • Students will read and tell the time on the hour (e.g., 8 o’clock, 2 o’clock).

Key Words: Time, clock, hour hand, minute hand, o’clock

Set Induction: Let’s start our lesson by looking at a clock and discussing what it tells us.

Entry Behaviour: Have you seen a clock before? What do you think it does?

Learning Resources and Materials:

  • Analog clocks
  • Flashcards with clock faces
  • Visual aids showing daily routines at specific times

Building Background/Connection to Prior Knowledge: We’ve learned about numbers before, and today we’ll see how we can use numbers to tell time!

Embedded Core Skills: Numeracy, communication, collaboration

Learning Materials:

  • Reference book: Lagos State Scheme of Work
  • Flashcards with different times
  • Analog clocks

Instructional Materials:

  • Whiteboard
  • Marker
  • Visual aids of clocks

Content: Today, we will learn about time and how to read the clock. We will focus on identifying the hour hand and the minute hand on an analog clock and practice reading the time on the hour, like 2 o’clock and 10 o’clock.


  • Step 1: Review the previous lesson about numbers.
  • Step 2: Introduce the concept of time and the importance of clocks.
  • Step 3: Explain the parts of an analog clock: the hour hand and the minute hand.
  • Step 4: Show examples of different times on the clock (e.g., 8 o’clock, 2 o’clock).
  • Step 5: Engage students in reading and telling the time on different clock faces.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Demonstrate how to read an analog clock.
  • Show the difference between the hour hand and the minute hand.
  • Provide examples and practice times for students to read.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Participate in identifying the parts of a clock.
  • Practice reading the time on clock faces.
  • Work in groups to set the time on analog clocks.


  1. Identify the hour hand on the clock.
  2. Identify the minute hand on the clock.
  3. What time is it when the hour hand points to 8 and the minute hand points to 12?
    • a) 7 o’clock
    • b) 8 o’clock
    • c) 9 o’clock
    • d) 10 o’clock
  4. What time is it when the hour hand points to 2 and the minute hand points to 12?
    • a) 1 o’clock
    • b) 2 o’clock
    • c) 3 o’clock
    • d) 4 o’clock
  5. Draw the hands on the clock to show 5 o’clock.
  6. What is the purpose of a clock?
  7. Name the two hands on an analog clock.
  8. When the hour hand is on 10 and the minute hand is on 12, what time is it?
    • a) 9 o’clock
    • b) 10 o’clock
    • c) 11 o’clock
    • d) 12 o’clock
  9. What time is it when the hour hand points to 12 and the minute hand points to 12?
    • a) 11 o’clock
    • b) 12 o’clock
    • c) 1 o’clock
    • d) 2 o’clock
  10. Practice setting the clock to 3 o’clock.

Conclusion: Great job today! Now you know how to read the time on an analog clock and understand the importance of time. Keep practicing, and you’ll get even better!

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