1. (a) What is educational statistics? (b) Explain any five (5) purposes for its use in Nigeria’s educational system.

1. (a) What is educational statistics?

(b) Explain any five (5) purposes for its use in Nigeria’s educational system.


(a) Educational Statistics: Educational statistics refers to the application of statistical methods and techniques to gather, analyze, interpret, and present data related to various aspects of education. It involves the systematic collection and analysis of data to better understand educational processes, outcomes, trends, and challenges.

(b) Purposes of Using Educational Statistics in Nigeria’s Educational System:

  1. Assessment of Learning Outcomes: Educational statistics helps assess the effectiveness of teaching methods and curriculum by analyzing student performance and learning outcomes.
  2. Resource Allocation: It aids in the efficient allocation of resources, such as teachers, facilities, and materials, based on data-driven needs and demands.
  3. Policy Formulation: Statistical analysis of educational data informs the formulation of evidence-based policies for curriculum development, teacher training, and educational reforms.
  4. Quality Assurance: By tracking indicators like enrollment rates, graduation rates, and dropout rates, educational statistics ensures quality assurance and accountability in the education system.
  5. Identification of Trends: It identifies educational trends, such as shifts in enrollment, subject preferences, and technology adoption, helping institutions stay relevant and adapt to changing needs.

These purposes collectively enhance decision-making, planning, and implementation within Nigeria’s educational system, fostering improvements and better outcomes






Distinguish clearly between type I and type II errors.




  1. (a) Educational statistics involves applying __________ methods to analyze and interpret educational data.

    a) mathematical b) philosophical c) linguistic

  2. (b) Educational statistics is used to assess the effectiveness of __________ methods.

    a) transportation b) teaching c) marketing

  3. (b) Efficient allocation of resources in education is achieved through the application of __________.

    a) artistic techniques b) statistical methods c) political strategies

  4. (b) Policies based on educational statistics are formulated to improve __________.

    a) fashion trends b) curriculum development c) entertainment shows

  5. (b) Statistical analysis of __________ helps ensure quality in education.

    a) weather patterns b) educational data c) transportation routes

  6. Educational statistics helps identify shifts in __________ preferences.

    a) cooking b) subject c) clothing

  7. Data-driven decisions enhance educational __________ and implementation.

    a) confusion b) creativity c) planning

  8. Educational statistics aids in __________ student performance.

    a) ignoring b) improving c) diminishing

  9. Tracking indicators like __________ informs educational reforms.

    a) sports scores b) enrollment rates c) stock prices

  10. The application of statistics in education supports __________ development.

    a) artistic b) curriculum c) culinary

  11. Educational statistics contributes to evidence-based __________ development.

    a) music album b) policy c) fashion show

  12. Quality assurance in education is maintained through __________ analysis.

    a) statistical b) philosophical c) emotional

  13. Trends in educational __________ are identified using statistics.

    a) food preferences b) technology adoption c) gardening techniques

  14. Educational statistics helps institutions adapt to __________ needs.

    a) unchanging b) stagnant c) changing

  15. Data-driven __________ enhances accountability in education.

    a) decision-making b) guesswork c) daydreaming


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