DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PLANTS ANDS ANIMALS

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PLANTS ANDS ANIMALS

FIRST TERM E-LEARNING NOTE

SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE CLASS: JSS1

Term : First Term

Week: Week 3

Class : JSS 1

Previous lesson : The pupils have previous knowledge of

Characteristics of living things  and non living things 

Topic :

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PLANTS ANDS ANIMALS

Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • explain the

 

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation

 

Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks
  • Precious seed BASIC SCIENCE FOR JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS BOOK 1
  • NIGERIAN BASIC SCIENCE PROJECT BOOK ONE,

CONTENT

  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • USES/ IMPORTANCES

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PLANTS ANDS ANIMALS

Plants

  1. Plants generally are rooted in one place an do not move on their own
  2. Plants contain chlorophyll and can make their own food
  3. Plants give off oxygen and take in carbon dioxide given off by animals.
  4. Plants cells have cell walls and other structures differ from those of animals.
  5. Plants have either no or very basic ability to sense.

Animals

1. Most animals have the ability to move fairly freely.

2. Animals cannot make their own food and are dependent on plants and other animals for           food.

  1. Animals give off carbon dioxide which plants need to make food and take in oxygen which they need to breathe.
  2. Animal cells do not have cell walls and have different structures than plant cells
  3. Animals have a much more highly developed sensory and nervous system.

 

IMPORTANCES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS

PLANTS

1. Plants serve as sources of food to man e.g. okra, cassava, beans, rice, oranges etc.

  1. As source of medicine to cure diseases e.g .Nyhm leaves to cure fever.
  2. Plants are used as fire wood.
  3. They are used in building and construction.
  4. Plants give oxygen during photosynthesis.
  5. Flowering plants are used to beautify our environment.
  6. Some domestic and wild animals can feed on plants.

ANIMALS

1. Human being feed on animals e.g. cow, goat etc.

2. Man can make money from rearing of animals. e.g. cow

3. They are used as means of transportation e.g. horse

4. Some animals are used as toys e.g. puppies

Non – living things are the substances / materials that do not have life in them.

EXAMPLES OF LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS

Examples of living things

Some examples of living things include the following organisms: goat, sheep, bird, cow, toad, rat, rabbit, earthworm, tapeworm, housefly, maize plant, mango tree, orange tree, coconut tree, rhizopus, euglena, etc.

Examples of nonliving things

The following are examples of some non living things around us: stone, pen, book, table, chair, beg, pencil, shoe, water, cup, bucket, air, radio, hand-set, cleaner. Etc.

Properties of Living Things and Non-Living Things

Living things are made up of cells; exhibit characteristics of life, like growth, movement, reproduction, response to stimuli; they evolve, and require energy for daily activities. Some of the daily life examples of living things around us are human beings, animals, plants and micro organisms.

Non-livings things do not exhibit any characteristics of life. They do not grow, respire, need energy, move, reproduce, evolve, or maintain homeostasis. These things are made up of non-living materials. Some examples of non-living things are stones, paper, electronic goods, books, buildings, and automobiles.

Uses of Living and Non- Living Things

PLANTS

1. Plants serve as sources of food to man e.g. okro, cassava, beans, rice, oranges e.t.c.

2. As source of medicine to cure diseases e.g. Nyhm leaves to cure fever.

3. Plants are used as fire wood

4. They are used in building and construction

5. Plants give oxygen during photosynthesis

6. Flowering plants are used to beautify our environment

7. Some domestic and wild animals can feed on plants.

ANIMALS

1. Human being feed on animals e.g. cow, goat e.t.c.

2. Man can make money from rearing of animals. e.g. cow

3. They are used as means of transportation e.g. horse

4. Some animals are used as toys e.g. puppies

 

 

Presentation

 

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher corrects the pupils when and where the needs arise .

 

 

Conclusion

The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.

 

Evaluation

  • Give four examples of plants and 4 examples of animals.
  • State the seven characteristics of plants and animals.
  • Give four uses of plants.
  • State four uses of animals

Assignment

  1. Give four differences between plants and animals
  2. State five examples of animals that can give birth to young one alive
  3. State two differences between plants and animals
  4. State five uses of animals to human beings
  5. State five uses of plants

GENERAL EVALUATION

1. What is non-living thing?

2. State five examples of non-living things around you.

3.        Give four examples of plants and four examples of animals.

4.        State the seven characteristics of plants and animals.

REVISION TEST

1. ———- is the ability to respond to stimuli [a] Growth [b] Respiration [c]Irritability [d] Excretion

2. Animals are useful to human beings [a] False [b] True [c] All of the above [d] None of the above.

3. One example of the animals is ————- [a] mosquito [b] tomato [c] okro [d] pawpaw

4. Plants are used for the following except———- [a] shelter [b] medicine [c] food [d] transportation

5. Plants and animals can also be classified as [a] non-living things [b] living things [c] cow [d] leguminous

RESEARCH PROJECT

  1. Give four examples of
  2. plant
  3. animals

2a) briefly explain seven characteristics of living things.

b) State two uses of plant and two uses of animals.

 

 

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