TYPES OF AGRICULTURE BASED ON THE LEVELS OF PRODUCTION

 

Subject :

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

 

 

Topic :

TYPES OF AGRICULTURE BASED ON THE LEVELS OF PRODUCTION

 

Class :


JSS 1 / BASIC 7

 

Term :

FIRST TERM

 

Week :

WEEK 2

 

 

 

Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of Agriculture in their previous lesson

 

 

Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • define subsistence farming
  • mention characteristics of subsistence farming
  • define commercial agriculture
  • mention characteristics of commercial agriculture

 

 

 

 

TYPES OF AGRICULTURE BASED ON THE LEVELS OF PRODUCTION

CONTENT

  1. Meaning and Characteristics of Subsistence Agriculture
  2. Meaning and Characteristics of Commercial Agriculture

 

Subsistence Agriculture

Meaning of Subsistence Agriculture

Subsistence agriculture is defined as the type of agriculture which involves the production of crops and animals by a farmer to feed himself and his family. He produces food for the consumption of the family with little or nothing left for sale.

Characteristics of Subsistence Agriculture

  1. It requires small capital/finance.
  2. Mixed cropping is mostly practiced.
  3. There is limited used of agro-chemicals e.g. pesticides and fertilizers.
  4. Unimproved varieties of crops and breeds of animals are used.
  5. There is little or no surplus for sale.
  6. It involves the used of crude/traditional tools such as hoes, machetes/cutlasses.
  7. It involves mainly the production of food crops.
  8. It is done on small scattered land.
  9. It uses family/unskilled labour.
  10. Yield/output is low.

 

Commercial Agriculture

Meaning of Commercial Agriculture

Commercial agriculture is the type of agriculture which involves the production of crops and animals in large quantities for sale.

Characteristics of Commercial Agriculture

  1. Sole/mono-cropping is usually practiced.
  2. Yields are high.
  3. It requires large capital.
  4. Most operations of commercial agriculture are mechanized.
  5. It makes used of hired/paid and skilled labour.
  6. Improved varieties of crops and breeds of animals are used.
  7. It involves the cultivation of large hectares of land.
  8. It uses agro-chemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers.
  9. Storage and processing facilities are required.
  10. Produce is mainly for sale or export.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

 

EVALUATION

  1. Explain the following: (i) Subsistence Agriculture (ii) Commercial Agriculture
  2. Give three characteristics each of subsistence and commercial agriculture.

 

 

 

 

Conclusion :

 

The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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