Exercise to develop strength, Endurance and Flexibility

Subject : P.H.E  Physical And Health Education 

Topic :Exercise to develop strength, Endurance and Flexibility



WeekWEEK 4


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks



Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of the previous topics

Characteristics of a Physically fit person


Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • say the characteristics of a Physically Fit Person
  • Mention  the characteristics of a physically fit person



Content :




Exercise to Develop Strength, Endurance and Flexibility


Fitness Exercises

Physical fitness components can be developed in various ways, using designated exercises. These exercises primarily enhance the performance related and health related components of an individual athletes. The following exercises are methods that can be used to develop physical fitness components.

  1. Circuit Training: involves a series of exercise, usually ten or less, that are performed in progressive manner. Different activity is performed at each of the ten stations on a time basis.
  2. Interval Training: This involves repeated exercises, an increase of speed, the rest or recovery period. This is meant to develop cardiovascular endurance.
  3. Weight Training: This involves the use of dumb – bells and bar bells to develop power, strength and muscular endurance.
  4. Isometric Training:This are exercises where by muscles contract and build up tension and hold without any shortening or lengthening.
  5. Callisthenic Exercises: Callisthenic exercises make the muscles contract so that they shorten to bring the ends together or the muscleslengthen so that the ends go away from the centre.
  6. Weight Lifting:Weight lifting involves lifting of weight and it involves few repetitions.




The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise





  1. What is circuit training?
  2. Explain the term interval training



  1. What is Isometric Training?
  2. Define the term Callisthenic Exercises
  3. Explain the term Circuit Training
  4. What is Interval Training?



  1. Training that involves a series of exercises usually ten or less is called ____________ weight training    B. interval training    C. circuit training    D. isometric training
  2. Which of the following involves the use of dumb-bells? Weight training    B. Weight lifting   C. Isometric training    D. Circuit training
  3. The ability of an individual to move quickly in different directions is called __________ speed    B. balance    C. agility    D. power
  4. Components of physical fitness can be divided into ____________ three    B. four   C. five     D. two
  5. Diseases, deformities does not make an individual to be __________ serious   B. physically fit    C. human    D. none of the above



  1. Draw out the stations involve in circuit training alongside with different exercises
  2. What is physical fitness?





Conclusion :


The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



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