Personal, School and Community Health

Subject : P.H.E  Physical And Health Education 

Topic :  Personal, School and Community Health



WeekWEEK 6


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks



Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of the previous topics

Safety Precaution while Performing Exercises


Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Define health school environment
  • Explain the term school health education
  • What is personal cleanliness



Content :



Personal and School Health

Personal Cleanliness is the ability of an individual to take proper care of his/her body, clothes and the immediate environment.

The issue of personal health cannot be undermined.

School Health

The school health is an integral part of community health, but it mainly refers to all the health activities and measures that are carried out within the community to promote and protect the health of children of school. These activities may take place both within and outside the school compound.


Components of School Health Programme

A school health programme has been conveniently divided into four interrelated areas:

  • Healthful School Environment
  • Health Services
  • School Health Education
  • School Community Relationship


  1. Healthful School Environment: This is the measures provided at the school to ensure the health and safety of the children and staff. The measures include the provision of a health physical environment.
  2. School Health Services: This is concerned with people’s health behaviours towards common diseases and other health problems as well as with educational processes used to bring about positive health behaviours.
  3. School Health Education: health education, as an integral part of health programmes is the aggregate of all educational processes or methods designed to help in the achievement of the goals and objectives of health programmes. The goal of health education is health practice or action and opportunities in the areas of health protection and health promotion.
  4. School Community Relationship: is concerned with all the scientific measures for improving the quality of life so that people may enjoy long life and maximal productivity to the best of their abilities. They also include the provision of health related facilities in the community such as portable water supply, sanitary disposal of refuse and excreta, prevention of pollution of water, food and air the provision of hygienic houses and prevention of noise.





The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise






  1. What is personal cleanliness?
  2. Explain the term school health



  1. Define health school environment
  2. Explain the term school health education
  3. What is personal cleanliness




  1. Personal cleanliness is the ability of an individual to take care of his/her __________ clothes    B. environment     C. body      D. all of the above
  2. School health is an integral part of _________ office health      B. community health     C. mental health     D. physical health
  3. One of these is a component of school health programme. Currable services    B. External services    C. Health services    D. None of the above
  4. Component of school health programme that include the provision of a healthy physical environment is called ____________ Healthful School Environment   B. Health Services     C. School Health Education     D. All of the above
  5. School Community Relationship also include the provision of health related facilities such as __________ prevention of noise    B. portable water supply     C. sanitary disposal of refuse     D. all of the above



  1. What is School Community Relationship?
  2. Explain the term School Health







Conclusion :


The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



(Visited 152 times, 5 visits today)
error: Content is protected !!