Athletics – Field Events (High Jump)Physical and Health Education Primary 5 First Term Lesson Notes Week 5

Title: High Jump in Athletics – Field Events

Subject: Physical Education (Athletics)

Class: Primary 5

Term: First Term

Week: 5

Topic: High Jump in Athletics – Field Events

Duration: 45 minutes

Learning Objectives:

  1. Introduce students to the sport of high jump in athletics.
  2. Teach the basic techniques and skills required for high jump.
  3. Enhance students’ physical fitness, coordination, and confidence.
  4. Promote teamwork and good sportsmanship.

Previous Lesson: Introduction to Athletics – Track Events

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Physical Fitness
  • Coordination
  • Concentration
  • Teamwork

Learning Materials:

  • High jump bar
  • Measuring tape
  • Cones/markers
  • Soft landing mat


The high jump is a track and field event that requires a combination of physical skills, proper technique, and mental focus. Here are the basic techniques and skills required for high jump:

  1. Approach:
    • Athletes start their approach run from a designated point, usually a curved path.
    • The approach run should be consistent and measured for each jump.
    • Proper pacing and stride length are crucial to build enough speed for the take-off.
  2. Take-Off:
    • The take-off occurs as the athlete reaches the end of the approach run.
    • Athletes typically take off from one foot, the inside foot of their dominant jumping leg (e.g., right-footed jumpers take off from their right foot).
    • The take-off foot should be placed close to the bar for optimal clearance.
  3. Clearance Technique:
    • Athletes must clear the horizontal bar without knocking it off its supports.
    • The clearance technique involves arching the body over the bar while keeping the head, shoulders, and hips aligned.
    • The back should be arched, and the legs should kick upward and over the bar.
    • Proper body control and timing are crucial for successful clearance.
  4. Landing:
    • After clearing the bar, athletes must land safely on the landing mat.
    • Athletes aim to land on their shoulders and upper back, rolling onto the mat.
    • The mat provides cushioning to absorb the impact and reduce the risk of injury.
  5. Mental Focus:
    • High jump requires mental concentration and focus to execute each phase of the jump correctly.
    • Athletes need to stay composed, visualize the jump, and maintain confidence.
    • Overcoming fear and anxiety is essential for successful high jumps.
  6. Flexibility and Strength:
    • High jumpers need good flexibility, particularly in the back and legs, to arch their bodies effectively.
    • Strength, especially in the leg and core muscles, is vital for a powerful take-off and efficient clearance.
  7. Training and Practice:
    • Regular practice and training sessions are essential to refine techniques and build strength.
    • Athletes work on their approach, take-off, and clearance repeatedly to improve their performance.
  8. Coaching and Feedback:
    • Guidance from experienced coaches is crucial for athletes to fine-tune their technique.
    • Coaches provide feedback and corrections to help athletes reach their full potential.
  9. Video Analysis:
    • Recording high jump attempts and reviewing them can help athletes identify areas for improvement.
  10. Safety Awareness:
    • High jumpers should be aware of safety protocols and equipment to prevent injuries, such as landing mats and bar settings.

High jump is a technically demanding event that requires consistent practice and a commitment to improvement. With dedication and proper coaching, athletes can develop the skills and techniques needed to excel in this exciting field event.


Basic Techniques and Skills for High Jump:

  1. In high jump, athletes start their approach run from a __________ point. a) Straight b) Curved c) Standing d) Sitting
  2. Athletes typically take off from __________ foot. a) Both b) The same c) Either d) Different
  3. The take-off foot should be placed __________ to the bar. a) Far away b) Close c) Above d) Under
  4. Athletes aim to clear the bar without __________ it off. a) Measuring b) Knocking c) Cleaning d) Painting
  5. Proper body control and __________ are crucial for successful clearance. a) Flexibility b) Timing c) Strength d) Speed
  6. After clearing the bar, athletes land on their __________. a) Feet b) Hands c) Shoulders d) Knees
  7. Athletes should aim to land on their __________ and upper back. a) Head b) Shoulders c) Hips d) Feet
  8. High jump requires mental __________ and concentration. a) Jokes b) Music c) Focus d) Laughter
  9. Good __________ is crucial for proper arching over the bar. a) Speed b) Flexibility c) Silence d) Taste
  10. Strength, especially in the legs and __________, is vital. a) Arms b) Ears c) Nose d) Core
  11. Athletes need regular __________ and training sessions. a) Dancing b) Rest c) Practice d) Reading
  12. Guidance from experienced __________ is essential. a) Singers b) Coaches c) Artists d) Doctors
  13. Athletes record and review their high jump attempts for __________. a) Fun b) Learning c) Sleeping d) Eating
  14. High jumpers should be aware of __________ protocols. a) Safety b) Cooking c) Sports d) Travel
  15. In high jump, athletes need to develop __________ and dedication. a) Fear b) Strength c) Flexibility d) Commitment


Step 1: Recap the previous lesson on track events in athletics, emphasizing the importance of physical fitness.

Step 2: Introduce the topic of “High Jump in Athletics – Field Events.” Explain that high jump is a field event that tests athletes’ ability to jump over a horizontal bar.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Discuss the concept of high jump.
  • Show images or videos of high jump athletes in action.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen attentively and ask questions.
  • Show interest in the topic.


High Jump Techniques:

  1. Approach: Explain the proper approach to the high jump bar, including the number of steps and take-off.
  2. Take-off: Describe the technique of taking off from one foot and the importance of timing.
  3. Clearing the Bar: Explain how to arch the body and kick the legs to clear the bar.
  4. Landing: Discuss the importance of a safe and controlled landing on the mat.

Practice Session:

  • Set up a high jump bar at a suitable height for beginners.
  • Divide students into small groups for practice.
  • Provide guidance and correction as students attempt high jumps.
  • Rotate students so that everyone has a chance to practice.


  • Evaluate students’ performance during the practice session.
  • Observe their technique, approach, take-off, clearance, and landing.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is the primary objective of high jump in athletics? a) Running fast b) Jumping high c) Throwing a ball d) Swimming
  2. Which part of the body should arch over the high jump bar? a) Head b) Shoulders c) Hips d) Knees
  3. What is the role of the soft landing mat in high jump? a) Measuring the jump b) Providing a safe landing c) Clearing the bar d) Measuring the approach


  • Summarize the key points of the lesson.
  • Encourage students to practice and improve their high jump skills.
  • Promote the values of fair play and good sportsmanship in athletics
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