Structure – Adverbs English Grammar Primary 5 First Term Lesson Notes Week 5 

Lesson Title: Structure – Adverbs

Subject : English Grammar

Grade: Primary 5

Term: First Term

Week: 5

Duration: 45 minutes

Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand the function of adverbs in sentences.
  2. Identify different types of adverbs.
  3. Use adverbs to modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs in sentences.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Grammar and sentence structure
  • Writing and composition
  • Reading comprehension

Learning Materials:

  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Examples of sentences with adverbs
  • Adverb flashcards
  • Worksheets with exercises


Adverbs are words that describe how, when, where, or to what extent something happens in a sentence. They add extra details. 🌟

An adverb is a word that describes how, when, where, or to what extent something happens in a sentence. It adds more information and details to verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs in a sentence. Adverbs help us understand the manner, time, place, or degree of an action or description. For example, in the sentence “She sings beautifully,” the word “beautifully” is an adverb because it describes how she sings, adding more information to the action of singing.

Here are some examples:

  1. How: She sings beautifully. (The adverb “beautifully” tells us how she sings.)
  2. When: They arrived yesterday. (The adverb “yesterday” tells us when they arrived.)
  3. Where: He placed the book here. (The adverb “here” tells us where he placed the book.)
  4. To what extent: She ran very quickly. (The adverb “very” tells us to what extent she ran quickly.)

Adverbs make our sentences more interesting and help us explain things better. 📝✨


Here are the main types and some examples:

  1. Adverbs of Manner: These tell us how something happens.
    • Example: She sings beautifully.
    • Other examples: Quickly, happily, carefully.
  2. Adverbs of Time: These tell us when something happens.
    • Example: They arrived yesterday.
    • Other examples: Today, soon, now.
  3. Adverbs of Place: These tell us where something happens.
    • Example: He placed the book here.
    • Other examples: There, everywhere, inside.
  4. Adverbs of Degree: These tell us to what extent or how much something happens.
    • Example: She is very kind.
    • Other examples: Too, almost, quite.
  5. Adverbs of Frequency: These tell us how often something happens.
    • Example: He always eats breakfast.
    • Other examples: Sometimes, never, often

So, remember, adverbs give us more details about actions, and by knowing the type of adverb, we can understand better how, when, where, how much, or how often things happen in sentences. 😊📚


  1. Adverbs of manner tell us how something happens:
    • She sings ___________. a) beautifully b) yesterday c) inside d) often
  2. Adverbs of time tell us when something happens:
    • They arrived ___________. a) carefully b) there c) yesterday d) quickly
  3. Adverbs of place tell us where something happens:
    • He placed the book ___________. a) soon b) everywhere c) inside d) very
  4. Adverbs of degree tell us to what extent something happens:
    • She is ___________ kind. a) today b) too c) happily d) never
  5. Adverbs of frequency tell us how often something happens:
    • He ___________ eats breakfast. a) always b) beautifully c) carefully d) yesterday
  6. “She speaks English ___________.” (manner) a) quickly b) inside c) tomorrow d) never
  7. “They will arrive ___________.” (time) a) too b) soon c) everywhere d) often
  8. “Put the toys ___________.” (place) a) there b) beautifully c) today d) too
  9. “The cake tastes ___________ sweet.” (degree) a) yesterday b) quickly c) very d) carefully
  10. “He ___________ helps his friends.” (frequency) a) always b) often c) carefully d) inside
  11. Adverbs of manner describe ___ something happens. a) where b) when c) how d) why
  12. Adverbs of time describe ___ something happens. a) where b) when c) how d) why
  13. Adverbs of place describe ___ something happens. a) where b) when c) how d) why
  14. Adverbs of degree describe ___ something happens. a) where b) when c) how d) why
  15. Adverbs of frequency describe ___ something happens. a) where b) when c) how d) why


  1. Begin with a brief discussion on what adverbs are and why they are important in sentences.
  2. Define adverbs as words that describe how, when, where, or to what degree an action happens.
  3. Use examples to show how adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Present examples and explanations clearly.
  • Encourage questions and participation.
  • Provide additional examples to illustrate concepts.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen to the teacher’s explanations.
  • Identify adverbs in sentences.
  • Create their own sentences using adverbs.


  • Evaluate students’ understanding through class exercises and participation.
  • Assign homework to reinforce the use of adverbs in sentences.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is the role of adverbs in sentences?
  2. Can you give an example of an adverb that describes how an action is done?
  3. Identify the adverb in the sentence: “She quickly finished her homework.”
  4. What type of adverb describes when an action happens?
  5. In the sentence, “He sings very loudly,” which word is an adverb?
  6. Explain how adverbs modify adjectives.
  7. Write a sentence with an adverb that describes where something is happening.
  8. Name three different types of adverbs.
  9. Use an adverb to modify the adjective “happy” in a sentence.
  10. How can using adverbs improve your writing and communication?


  • Summarize key points about adverbs and their role in sentences.
  • Encourage students to practice using adverbs in their writing to make it more descriptive and engaging.


  • Assign exercises involving the use of adverbs in sentences.
  • Ask students to find adverbs in a paragraph from a story or article they are reading and share them in the next class.
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