HISTORY SCHEME OF WORK JSS TWO
|| Ghana Empire
||1. Location of Ghana Empire on the map of Africa
2. Socio-political structure of Ghana Empire
3. Factors that led to the rise of Ghana Empire.
4. Factors the led to the fall of Ghana Empire.
|| 1. Location of Mali Empire on the map of Africa
2. Socio-political structure of Mali Empire.
3. Factors that led to the rise of Mali Empire.
4. Factors that led to the fall of Mali Empire.
|| 1. Location of Songhai Empire on the map of Africa
2. Socio-political structure of Songhai Empire
3. Factors the led to the rise of Songhai Empire
4. Factors that led to the fall of Songhai Empire.
||Revision and Examination
TOPIC; GHANA EMPIRE
EARLY HISTORY OF GHANA EMPIRE
Ghana empire was one of the earliest known negro empires recorded by historians,it was first mention by an Arab geographer,Al-fazari,in Ad773 in his book Al-masudi,where he referred to it as a land of gold
According to Al-bakri an Arab traveler in his writing in AD 1067,reveals that the name;Ghana was the title of the Soninke king called Auokar which means ;war chief,
It was not certain how and when Ghana was founded,but from Arab sources,particularly the Tariskh al sudan,it appears to have been founded by a Soninke dynasty between AD 300-400.
Early history of Ghana empire also revealed that it was situated on the grasslands North of the rivers Senegal and Niger,its capital Kumbi Saleh is said to have ben founded by Kaya Maghan,who is credited to have over thrown the immigrant minority and Negro indigenes in about AD700 and established purely Soninke dynasty.
by AD1000,the sonnike kingdom had extended it territory,in the west to the river Senegal and south to Bambuk town of Audoghast of the sahara desert,by the middle of the 11th control over area covering most of the modernstates of Senegal,Mali and Territories of roughly 650,000 square kilometers.
FACTORS FOR THESE RISE OF GHANA EMPIRE;;;
2]location around trade route
5] good government
SOCIO POLITICAL STRUCTURE OF GHANA EMPIRE
In expressing the socio political structure of Ghana empire,is a description of how it was organized and governed,These involved primarily describing the government at the centre ,the provinces,the vassal states and the army
2]council of Advisers and ministers
6] The Army
FACTORS THAT LED TO THE FALL OF GHANA EMPIRE
The decline and fall of Ghana Empire were internal and external;;
1] INTERNAL FACTORS;;;
The sixe of the Empire
the social and culture heterogeneity of the empire;
2] EXTERNAL FACTORS;
Increasing pressures and Attacks
Invasion of Kumbi saleh
1]what were the factors responsible for the rise of Ghana empire
2]briefly describe the socio political structure of Ghana empire
3]What role did trade play in rise of Ghana empire
4] explain the factors for the decline and fall of Ghana empire
Explain Mali EMPIRE
TOPIC;; MALI EMPIRE
EARLY HISTORY OF MALI EMPIRE
The empire which came to be known as Mali originated from the little Malinke Kingdom called Kangaba,Mali envolved from the unification of a number of small villages known as Dugu and ruled by local chieftains called Dugutigi.it is likely that the fusion of the villages were motivated by the desire of the people to present a united front against enemies and also to participate more in the trans-saharan trade
The early king of kangaba were not known to historians,however,according to one sheikh uthman,a muslim scholar and writer,the first king of kangaba to be converted to islam in the middle of the 11th centure was Baramendana 9i.e, AD 1050] unlike Ghana,Mali became a muslim state from very early stage of its existence as an empire.
FACTORS FOR THE RISE OF MALI EMPIRE
1] political factors for the rise of mali empire
2] Geographical location
3]Good political environment
4]strong successors to sundiata;; In addition to the political role played by sundiata to the rise of mali empire were the caliber of kings that reigned after him,for examples ,kings such as Mansa Uli [1255-1270],Mansa Musa [1312-1337],who continued the expansionist policy started by sundiata and also made the empire to be known to the outside world.
5]Islamic religion factor
FACTORS THAT LED TO THE FALL OF MALI EMPIRE
1] INTERNAL FACTORS;;;
overexpansion of mali
constant attack by enemies
state the factors that led to the rise of Mali empire
Give reasons for the fall of Mali Empire
WRITE BRIEFLY ON SONGHAI EMPIRE
HISTORY OF SONGHAI EMPIRE
Before the people of Songhai settled inGao,it is believed that their original home was around Dendi and Bassa,they later migrated to Gao from the above places when they discovered that Gao was an important cross roads in west Africa
According to oral tradition,Kossi took Gao from the sorko and established the Songhai empire,Also many historians had the opionion that Songhai had its organization beginning in the region of Dendi and that her civilization as it was in Ghana and Mali Empires
FACTORS FOR THE RISE OF SONGHAI EMPIRE
FACTORS FOR THE FALL OF SONGHAI EMPIRE
The communication system was poor and inadequate ,also there were no natural frontiers to protect the empire
2]Ethnic diversity,religious differences and levels of civilization combined to make it difficult for the em pire to sustain its unity
3]The situation in Songhai became worst after the death of Askia Mohammed I in 1528 when the empire lost its stability owing to the rebellion put forward by the eldest son Askia
4]lack of good leadership,ineffective central government and the revolts by vassal states led to the weakness of Songhai army
Briefly explain the early history of Songhai before the reign of sonni Ali
mention three factors that led to the rise of Songhai Empire
state the contribution of Askia Mohammed 1 to the greatness of songhai
History JSS 1 Scheme of Work
(Visited 20 times, 1 visits today)