Wise Tortoise’s Clever Adventure Comprehension and Vocabulary Development Deriving New Words and Meaning English Language Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 8


Subject :English Grammar

Class :Primary 5

Term :Third Term

Week: 8

Class: Basic 5

Subject: English Grammar

Topic : Complete à Guided Essay on “My Environment”

Previous Lesson :


Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand the concept of Nigerian folktales and their cultural significance.
  2. Analyze story elements such as characters, setting, and plot in a Nigerian folktale.
  3. Identify character traits and moral lessons embedded within the narrative.
  4. Develop comprehension and critical thinking skills through discussion and evaluation.

Embedded Core Skills:

  1. Reading comprehension
  2. Critical thinking
  3. Oral communication
  4. Analytical skills

Learning Materials:

  1. Chart paper and markers
  2. Storytelling props (optional)
  3. Whiteboard and markers
  4. Copies of the folktale “The Wise Tortoise”
  5. Comprehension question handouts
  6. Assessment rubric



Wise Tortoise’s Clever Adventure

Once upon a time in a small village in Nigeria, there lived a clever and cunning tortoise named Obi. Obi was known far and wide for his wisdom and his ability to outsmart anyone who dared to challenge him. His reputation as the wisest creature in the land had spread like wildfire, captivating the imaginations of both young and old.

One sunny day, as the village children gathered under the ancient baobab tree, Obi decided to grace them with one of his legendary adventures. With a mischievous glint in his eyes, he began his tale.

“Once, in the heart of the forest, there was a great feast among the animals. Everyone was invited, including the birds, the monkeys, and the elephants. The animals eagerly gathered, excited for the festivities to begin.”

Obi paused, allowing the children’s curiosity to grow. He continued, “Now, the tortoise, being small and slow, was worried that he wouldn’t reach the feast in time. But he was determined not to miss out on the fun. So, he devised a plan.”

With animated gestures, Obi described how the tortoise found a bird named Egwu and cleverly persuaded him to carry him to the feast. “The tortoise promised Egwu a portion of the feast if he agreed to fly him there. Egwu, being a bit greedy, agreed to the tortoise’s proposition.”

“The tortoise tied himself securely to Egwu’s back using a long rope. As they soared through the sky, the tortoise marveled at the incredible view below. But little did Egwu know, the tortoise had also tied a small bag of food around his own neck.”

The children listened attentively, their eyes fixed on Obi, eager to hear the outcome. “Upon reaching the feast, the animals greeted them with cheers and applause. They were amazed at the tortoise’s cleverness. And just as promised, the tortoise gave Egwu his share of the food.”


“But as the feast continued, the tortoise noticed something peculiar. The other animals were eating to their hearts’ content, but the tortoise’s bag of food remained untouched. You see, the tortoise had tied the bag in such a way that it couldn’t be opened without his knowledge.”

The children gasped, fascinated by the tortoise’s ingenuity. Obi smiled and continued, “When the feast ended, the tortoise collected his bag of food, still full to the brim. He thanked Egwu for his help and bid the animals farewell. The tortoise had not only attended the feast, but he had also outsmarted everyone.”

As Obi concluded his story, he posed a series of comprehension questions to the children, encouraging them to think critically about the story’s elements, character traits, and moral lessons embedded within the narrative:

1. Who was the main character in the story?
2. How did the tortoise persuade Egwu to carry him to the feast?
3. What did the tortoise do to ensure he had food at the feast?
4. What were some character traits of the tortoise that helped him in the story?
5. What is the moral lesson we can learn from the tortoise’s clever adventure?

The children eagerly raised their hands, excited to share their thoughts and engage in a lively discussion about the wise tortoise and the valuable lessons his story imparted.

Lesson Plan Presentation


  1. Warm-up (5 minutes):
    • Greet the students and engage in a brief discussion about Nigerian folktales.
    • Show visual aids or props related to Nigerian culture and ask students to share what they know about folktales.
  2. Introduction to the Wise Tortoise (10 minutes):
    • Introduce the title of the folktale, “The Wise Tortoise,” and briefly discuss its cultural background.
    • Display the cover page of the folktale and read the title aloud.
    • Ask students to make predictions about the story based on the title and the visual cues. [mediator_tech]
  3. Reading and Comprehension (15 minutes):
    • Distribute copies of “The Wise Tortoise” to each student.
    • Instruct students to read the folktale silently.
    • Discuss the story elements (characters, setting, and plot) with the students, asking questions to ensure comprehension.
  4. Character Traits and Moral Lessons (10 minutes):
    • Lead a class discussion on the character traits of the tortoise based on the actions described in the story.
    • Encourage students to identify and discuss the moral lessons embedded within the narrative.
  5. Group Activity: Comprehension Questions (15 minutes):
    • Divide the students into small groups.
    • Provide each group with comprehension question handouts.
    • Instruct the groups to discuss and answer the questions together.
    • Circulate among the groups to offer guidance and support
  6. Assessment (5 minutes):
    • Collect the completed comprehension question handouts from each group.
    • Use the provided assessment rubric to evaluate the students’ understanding of the story elements, character traits, and moral lessons.
  7. Evaluation Questions (10 minutes):
    • Ask ten evaluation questions to assess the students’ comprehension and critical thinking skills, such as: a. Who was the main character in the story? b. How did the tortoise persuade Egwu to carry him to the feast? c. What did the tortoise do to ensure he had food at the feast? d. What were some character traits of the tortoise that helped him in the story? e. What is the moral lesson we can learn from the tortoise’s clever adventure?
    • Encourage students to think deeply and provide well-reasoned answers.
  8. Conclusion (5 minutes):
    • Summarize the main points discussed during the lesson.
    • Reinforce the importance of understanding Nigerian folktales as a means of preserving cultural heritage and learning valuable life lessons.
    • Encourage students to explore more Nigerian folktales on their own.



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