Structure Passage based on illustrating “when” adverbial structure English Language Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 2
PRY 5 ENGLISH THIRD TERM E-NOTE
Subject :English Grammar
Class :Primary 5
Term :Third Term
Class: Basic 5
Structure Passage based on illustrating “when” adverbial structure
Previous Lesson :
- Construct sentences showing position of the object of the Prepositional verb English Language Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 5
Learning Objectives: By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:
- Identify the “when” adverbial structure in sentences.
- Understand the use and functions of the “when” adverbial structure.
- Apply the “when” adverbial structure in their own sentences.
Embedded Core Skills:
- Reading comprehension
- Writing skills
- Critical thinking
- Grammar awareness
- Whiteboard or blackboard
- Markers or chalk
- Chart paper
- Passage based on illustrating “when” adverbial structure (prepared in advance)
- Worksheets with sentences for practice (prepared in advance)
- Evaluation sheets with ten evaluation questions (prepared in advance)
Passage based on illustrating “when” adverbial structure in sentences
Title: A Day at the Amusement Park
One sunny day, Sarah and her friends decided to visit the amusement park. They eagerly lined up for the thrilling roller coaster. When the ride started, Sarah closed her eyes tightly. She felt a rush of excitement when the roller coaster zoomed down a steep slope. Afterward, they spotted a ferris wheel. Sarah’s heart pounded with anticipation as she climbed into one of the colorful cabins. When the ferris wheel slowly ascended, Sarah enjoyed a magnificent view of the entire park.
Next, they headed to the water slide. Sarah’s heart skipped a beat when she stood at the top, ready to slide down. When she went down the twisty slide, water splashed all around her. Sarah laughed with delight. Lastly, they visited the carousel. Sarah couldn’t resist smiling when she saw the beautifully decorated horses. When the carousel started spinning, Sarah clung tightly to her horse.
At the end of the day, Sarah and her friends left the amusement park with memories they would cherish forever. When they looked back, they realized that they had experienced an unforgettable adventure
Identification of adverbial structure in sentences
- “One sunny day” – This adverbial phrase modifies the noun phrase “day” and provides information about when the event took place.
- “When the ride started” – This adverbial clause introduces a specific time or condition for an action to occur.
- “Afterward” – This adverbial adverb indicates the sequence of events, showing what happened next.
- “When the ferris wheel slowly ascended” – This adverbial clause indicates a specific time or condition for an action to occur.
- “Next” – This adverbial adverb indicates the temporal order of events, showing what happened after the previous action.
- “When she went down the twisty slide” – This adverbial clause introduces a specific time or condition for an action to occur.
- “At the end of the day” – This adverbial phrase indicates the time at which an event occurred.
- “When they looked back” – This adverbial clause introduces a specific time or condition for an action to occur.
These adverbial structures help provide information about time, sequence, and conditions in the passage
What are adverbials?
Adverbials are words, phrases, or clauses that modify or provide additional information about the verb in a sentence. They add details about time, place, manner, frequency, degree, condition, or purpose. Adverbials can be single words (adverbs), phrases, or entire clauses.
Here are some examples of different types of adverbials:
- Adverb: She sings beautifully. (“beautifully” modifies the verb “sings” and indicates manner)
- Adverb phrase: He ran down the street. (“down the street” modifies the verb “ran” and indicates direction)
- Adverb clause: I will visit you when I have time. (“when I have time” modifies the verb “will visit” and indicates a specific condition)
Adverbials can answer questions such as “how?”, “when?”, “where?”, “why?”, “to what extent?”, “under what condition?”, and “in what manner?”. They provide additional details and help to enhance the meaning of a sentence
The use and functions of “when” adverbial structure in sentences.
The “when” adverbial structure is used to introduce a specific time or condition in a sentence. It functions to provide information about the timing or circumstances of an action or event. Here are the main uses and functions of the “when” adverbial structure:
- Time: “When” is commonly used to indicate the timing of an action in relation to another action or event. It helps establish a temporal relationship. For example:
- I always go for a walk when the sun sets.
- She felt tired when she arrived home.
- Condition: “When” can introduce a condition under which an action or event takes place. It indicates that a certain situation or circumstance must be met for the action to occur. For example:
- You can have dessert when you finish your dinner.
- When it rains, we usually stay indoors.
- Simultaneity: “When” can also be used to express actions or events happening simultaneously. It highlights that two or more actions occur at the same time. For example:
- Sarah laughed when her friend told a joke.
- The children cheered when the magician performed a trick.
In summary, the “when” adverbial structure is used to indicate time, condition, or simultaneity in sentences. It adds specificity and context to the actions or events being described.
- Sarah always wears a jacket ______ it’s cold outside. a) if b) when c) while
- ______ the bell rang, the students lined up for recess. a) Although b) When c) Since
- I will call you ______ I arrive at the airport. a) until b) when c) unless
- ______ he saw the spider, he screamed and ran away. a) Because b) When c) While
- ______ I finish my homework, I can play video games. a) After b) When c) During
- The flowers bloom ______ spring arrives. a) before b) when c) as
- ______ the movie started, the lights were dimmed. a) After b) When c) Until
- ______ I was studying for the exam, my friend called me. a) Although b) When c) Since
- The alarm clock rings ______ it’s time to wake up. a) if b) when c) unless
- ______ she sings, everyone listens attentively. a) While b) When c) Although
Remember, choose the most suitable option (a, b, or c) to complete each sentence correctly
Lesson Plan Presentation
- Introduction (5 minutes)
- Greet the students and get their attention.
- Review previous lessons on adverbial structures briefly.
- Explain that today’s lesson will focus on the “when” adverbial structure and its use in sentences.
- Presentation (10 minutes)
- Write the definition of the “when” adverbial structure on the board: “The ‘when’ adverbial structure introduces a specific time or condition in a sentence.”
- Show an example passage that illustrates the “when” adverbial structure.
- Read the passage aloud, highlighting the “when” adverbial structures and explaining their functions.
- Discuss the functions of the “when” adverbial structure and encourage students to share their observations.
- Teacher’s Activities (15 minutes)
- Display the passage on the board or chart paper.
- Engage the students in a guided discussion about the passage.
- Ask questions to ensure comprehension and encourage critical thinking:
- “What are the main events in the passage?”
- “Can you identify the ‘when’ adverbial structures in the passage?”
- “What does each ‘when’ adverbial structure tell us?”
- Provide further explanations and examples as needed.
- Write additional example sentences on the board, highlighting the use of the “when” adverbial structure.
- Learners’ Activities (10 minutes)
- Distribute worksheets with sentences that require the use of the “when” adverbial structure.
- Instruct students to read each sentence and fill in the blanks with the appropriate “when” adverbial structure.
- Encourage students to work individually or in pairs.
- Monitor their progress and provide assistance when necessary
- Assessment (5 minutes)
- Collect the completed worksheets.
- Distribute the evaluation sheets with ten evaluation questions.
- Instruct students to answer the questions individually.
- Evaluate their understanding of the “when” adverbial structure and its functions.
- Collect the evaluation sheets for review.
- Conclusion (5 minutes)
- Recap the main points of the lesson.
- Reinforce the use and functions of the “when” adverbial structure.
- Provide constructive feedback on students’ performance during the assessment.
- Answer any remaining questions.
- Assign homework if applicable
- Evaluation Questions:
- What is the purpose of the “when” adverbial structure?
- How does the “when” adverbial structure introduce a specific time in a sentence?
- Can you give an example of a sentence using the “when” adverbial structure to indicate a condition?
- Identify the “when” adverbial structure in the sentence: “I always take a nap when I feel tired.”
- What does the “when” adverbial structure indicate in the sentence: “When the clock strikes twelve, it’s midnight.”
- Rewrite the sentence using the “when” adverbial structure: “She finishes her homework before watching TV.”
- Explain the difference between “when” and “while” as adverbial structures.
- Give an example of a sentence where “when” and “while” are used to indicate simultaneous actions.
- How does the “when” adverbial structure contribute to the overall meaning and clarity of a sentence?
- Create a sentence of your own using the “when” adverbial structure
- Conclusion: In conclusion, the lesson focused on understanding the use and functions of the “when” adverbial structure in sentences. Students learned how the “when” adverbial structure introduces a specific time or condition. They were able to identify and analyze “when” adverbial structures in a passage, practice using them in sentences, and demonstrate their understanding through assessment questions. By mastering the “when” adverbial structure, students have acquired a valuable tool to enhance their writing and communication skills.