METHOD OF FARM PRODUCE PRESERVATION CONT.

 

 

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE SECOND TERM E NOTES FOR BASIC FOUR

 

 

Subject :

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

 

 

Topic :

METHOD OF FARM PRODUCE PRESERVATION CONT.

 

 

Class :

BASIC FOUR

 

 

 SECOND TERM  

 

 

WEEK 2

 

 

LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory videos

 

Instructional Materials :

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work.
  • Online Materials.
  • Physical and Health Education for Primary Schools

 

 

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught

METHOD OF FARM PRODUCE PRESERVATION

in their previous lesson

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of the lesson , pupils should be able to

  1. say the meaning of preservation
  2. list the importance of preservation
  3. write out methods of food preservation

 

 

Content :

 

 

METHODS OF FARM PRODUCE PRESERVATION

The different methods of farm produce preservation are:

  1. Sun drying
  2. Smoking
  3. Salting
  4. Frying
  5. Refrigeration
  6. Canning
  7. Bagging
  8. Bottling
  9. Sun drying
  10. Peeled cassava, peeled yam, maize, beans can be preserved by spreading them under the sun. Drying reduce the water content of the food stuff.
  11. Smoking

 

 

Fish and meat can be smoked with coal fire. Smoking dries the meat and fish. These meat and fish can be kept for a long time without getting spoilt.

Salting

Adding salt to some food stuffs like meat and fish can preserve them for a short period of time. The salt keeps out germs away from the from the food stuff.

Frying

Meat, fish, chicken, plantain, yam and potato can be preserved by frying. Frying removes water from the food items so that it can be kept for a long [period of time.

Refrigeration

This is a modern way of preserving food. Food items like eggs, fruits and vegetables can be preserved in the fridge. For longer preservation, meat, fish should be stored in the freezer.

Canning

In factories food are processed and canned so that they can be stored for a long time. Such foods include fruits, pepper, tomato, sardine, corned beef and soup. the can is sealed after adding some chemicals called preservatives.

Bagging

Foodstuffs can be preserved in a bag so that they can be stored for a long time e.g. rice.

Bottling

Fruit juice can be put in sealed bottles for preservation purposes.

 

 

 


Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

 

 

Evaluation:-

  1. What is food preservation
  2. State four importance of food preservation
  3. Methods of preserving food include:
  4. ________________________________________
  5. _________________________________________
  6. _________________________________________
  7. _________________________________________
  8. __________________________________________
  9. __________________________________________

 

 

Conclusion :

 

The teacher summarize the lesson. He or she gives out a board summary of the topic as note . He or she goes round to mark and does the necessary corrections

 

 

 

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