Good Healthy Environmental Quality

Subject : 

Basic Science and Technology

Term :

First Term


Week 7 and 8

Class :

Basic 5 / Primary 5

Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of  erosion 

Topic :


Meaning of Environmental Quality

A good quality or healthy environment

Advantages of Healthy Environment


Poor Quality Environment

Disadvantages of Poor Quality Environment


Behavioural objectives :

At the end of lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Say the Meaning of Environmental Quality
  • A good quality or healthy environment
  • Advantages of Healthy Environment
  • Poor Quality Environment
  • Disadvantages of Poor Quality Environment 

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards
  • Some soil sample in Bucket.

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :

What is Environment   ?

Environment simply refers to our immediate surroundings  or  vicinity that is around a person , animal or plant for  its continued survival or existence .


What is the meaning  of Environmental Quality ?

Environment Quality is those measures , rules or regulations that are put in place in order to maintain the good healthy quality of life and sustain its freshness and prevent the environment from dirt , refuse or pollution .


What are the advantages of Healthy Environment

  1. The unique freshness of nature is preserved
  2. Beautiful flowers beautify our environments and help to supply us with beautiful fragrance .
  3. Floor must be swept , mobbed or cleaned as the case may be .
  4.  Healthy environment make us to live an infection free lifestyle
  5. The spread of pandemic diseases are totally curbed in an healthy clean environment .
  6. Nice breathing air ambience and aura
  7. Good clean drinking water
  8. Beautiful roads and highways



Disadvantages of Poor Quality Environment

  1. Dirty and filthy environment
  2. No beautiful flowers planted .
  3. Breeding grounds for mosquitoes .
  4. Diseases are easily spread in an unhealthy poor environment .
  5. Floors are not properly or regularly swept ,
  6. Land pollution
  7. Water pollution
  8. Air pollution .
  9. Accidents and various injuries are very common or rampant in this type of environment .


Tools Or Materials That Are Needed To Make Our Environment Healthy . 

  • Rake
  • Spade
  •  Shovel
  • Cutlass
  • Rake
  • Lawn mower
  • Watering Can
  • Hoe
  • Hand trowel
  • Insecticide
  • Fertilizer
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Dust bin
  • Incinerator






The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



  • What is the meaning of a healthy environment .
  • Mention four advantages of a healthy environment .
  • Mention four disadvantages of an unhealthy environment .
  • List four materials that you will need to make your environment clean and healthy .


Prepare for the next lesson by reading about waste and waste disposal