Writing: Simple composition introductory, middle and concluding paragraphs English Grammar Primary 6 First Term Lesson Notes Week 5

Subject: English Grammar

Topic: Writing: Simple Composition – Introductory, Middle, and Concluding Paragraphs

Duration: 1 hour

Term: First Term

Previous Lesson: Verb Forms and Tenses

Learning Objectives: By the end of this lesson, students should be able to:

  1. Define the structure of a simple composition.
  2. Identify the purpose of each paragraph (introduction, middle, and conclusion).
  3. Write a basic composition following the structure.

Embedded Core Skills:

  • Writing skills
  • Comprehension
  • Critical thinking

Learning Materials:

  • Whiteboard and markers or chalkboard and chalk
  • Visual aids (pictures representing each paragraph)
  • Sample compositions
  • Blank sheets of paper and pencils for students


Introductory Paragraph: In this week’s English Grammar lesson, we will explore the art of writing a simple composition. A composition is like a story or an essay that helps us express our thoughts and ideas in writing. It’s an exciting way to share our experiences and imaginations with others. Today, we’ll start by learning the basics of composing a simple piece of writing.

Middle Paragraph: To begin, let’s understand the structure of a composition. A composition typically has three parts: an introduction, a middle, and a conclusion. The introduction, just like the one you’ve just read, introduces the topic and grabs the reader’s attention. It gives them a reason to keep reading.

In the middle part, we expand on the topic. Here, we can share details, examples, and our thoughts. It’s like telling a story or explaining something. For instance, if our topic is “My Favorite Hobby,” we could describe what the hobby is, why we enjoy it, and some memorable moments related to it.

Now, the conclusion wraps it up. It’s like the ending of our composition. We summarize our main points, and it leaves the reader with a final thought or feeling. It’s essential to have a strong conclusion because it makes our composition memorable.

Concluding Paragraph: In conclusion, writing a composition can be an enjoyable and creative task. It allows us to express ourselves and communicate our ideas effectively. Remember, a good composition has an engaging introduction, an informative middle, and a memorable conclusion. So, as you practice writing compositions, keep these key points in mind. With time and practice, you’ll become a skilled writer, ready to share your stories and ideas with the world. Keep up the good work

Choose the correct word to fill in the blanks:

  1. A composition typically has three parts: an introduction, a middle, and a ________. a) conclusion b) middle c) beginning d) opening
  2. The introduction of a composition is meant to ________ the reader’s attention. a) grab b) ignore c) frighten d) confuse
  3. The middle part of a composition is where we ________ on the topic. a) expand b) erase c) forget d) hide
  4. In the middle, we can share ________, examples, and our thoughts. a) details b) questions c) problems d) colors
  5. The conclusion of a composition ________ everything up. a) wraps b) tears c) throws d) cuts
  6. A strong conclusion makes our composition ________. a) memorable b) boring c) difficult d) colorful
  7. What are the three parts of a composition? a) start, finish, pause b) introduction, middle, conclusion c) question, answer, result d) story, ending, character
  8. What is the purpose of the introduction in a composition? a) To confuse the reader b) To grab the reader’s attention c) To hide important information d) To finish the writing quickly
  9. In the middle of a composition, we can share ________. a) our favorite movie b) examples and details c) our breakfast menu d) our pet’s name
  10. What is the purpose of the conclusion in a composition? a) To make the reader forget everything b) To wrap up the main points c) To introduce new ideas d) To make the composition longer
  11. Which part of a composition leaves the reader with a final thought or feeling? a) Introduction b) Middle c) Conclusion d) Beginning
  12. When you write a composition, you should aim for a ________ conclusion. a) strong b) weak c) invisible d) confusing
  13. Which part of a composition introduces the topic and grabs the reader’s attention? a) Middle b) Conclusion c) Introduction d) Beginning
  14. The middle part of a composition is where we ________ on the topic. a) dance b) expand c) hide d) shout
  15. What does a composition allow us to do? a) Talk to our friends b) Express ourselves in writing c) Keep our ideas secret d) Watch TV shows

Step 1 – Introduction (10 minutes)

  • Begin by discussing what a composition is, explaining it’s like a short piece of writing.
  • Show visual aids for each paragraph (introduction, middle, and conclusion) to help students understand their roles.
  • Emphasize that a composition has three essential parts.

Step 2 – Structure Explanation (15 minutes)

  • Explain the structure of a composition:
    • The introduction grabs the reader’s attention.
    • The middle elaborates on the topic.
    • The conclusion wraps everything up.
  • Use simple examples and clear language.

Step 3 – Sample Compositions (15 minutes)

  • Share sample compositions with students. Read them aloud and discuss how each part (introduction, middle, and conclusion) contributes to the overall composition.
  • Encourage questions and discussions.

Teacher’s Activities:

  • Present the topic clearly and engagingly.
  • Explain the structure using simple examples.
  • Facilitate discussions and answer questions.

Learners’ Activities:

  • Listen attentively to the teacher.
  • Participate in discussions by asking questions.
  • Examine sample compositions and analyze their structure.


  • Evaluate students’ understanding during discussions.
  • Assess their ability to identify the components of a composition.
  • Review students’ written compositions for correct structure.

Fill-in-the-Gap Evaluation Questions:

  1. A composition has ________ essential parts. a) two b) three c) four d) five
  2. What is the purpose of the introduction in a composition? a) To grab the reader’s attention b) To confuse the reader c) To hide the main idea d) To summarize the whole composition
  3. The middle part of a composition ________. a) elaborates on the topic b) concludes the story c) repeats the introduction d) introduces a new topic
  4. The conclusion of a composition ________. a) grabs the reader’s attention b) summarizes the main points c) is optional d) is the longest part
  5. What does the introduction of a composition do? a) Confuses the reader b) Grabs the reader’s attention c) Hides the main idea d) Makes the composition longer

Conclusion on the Topic: Today, we’ve learned that a composition has three important parts: the introduction, the middle, and the conclusion. The introduction grabs the reader’s attention, the middle elaborates on the topic, and the conclusion wraps everything up. With this knowledge, you can now write simple compositions that effectively communicate your ideas and stories. Keep practicing, and you’ll become a skilled writer!

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