The benefits of applying the functionalists’ macro theory to the study of social order

  1. Viewing Social Institutions Holistically: Functionalism encourages us to see social institutions not as isolated entities, but as integral parts of a larger system. For example, consider the role of religion. It provides moral guidance, fosters a sense of community, and often shapes cultural norms—all of which contribute to the overall stability of society.
  2. Concept of Function: The concept of function is central to the functionalist perspective. It refers to the significant roles performed by various parts of the social system. Just as the heart’s function is to pump blood and ensure circulation, each societal component fulfills a unique function that collectively maintains societal equilibrium. This perspective helps us understand how society’s various elements work in harmony.
  3. Understanding Interconnectedness: One of the key benefits of the functionalist approach is that it helps us comprehend the intricate relationships among different parts of society. Just as in a human body, each organ has a role to play in maintaining the overall health, various institutions like family, education, politics, and economy interact to sustain societal stability. For instance, the family unit provides emotional support and nurtures future citizens who will eventually become part of the workforce or leaders in society.
  4. Recognizing Contributions: By adopting the functionalist lens, we can better appreciate the unique contributions of different societal components. Every part of society has a distinct role that contributes to its smooth operation. For instance, the education system not only imparts knowledge but also instills societal values, preparing individuals to be responsible citizens.
  5. Identifying Basic Needs: Similar to the human body’s need for sustenance, functionalism helps us recognize that society, too, has fundamental needs that must be fulfilled for its survival. These needs encompass areas such as economic stability, social order, education, and healthcare. A well-functioning society ensures that these needs are met, just as a healthy body requires nourishment, rest, and protection


In embracing functionalist macro theory, we gain insights into the dynamic interactions that sustain social order. This perspective aids in comprehending the larger picture of society as an interconnected network of components, each playing a crucial role in maintaining its stability. Remember, as educators, it’s essential to adapt to new trends and methodologies, ensuring that our teaching remains relevant in an ever-evolving educational landscape




1. The functionalists’ macro theory views society as a system of interconnected parts that together form a ______.
a) Whole
b) Puzzle
c) Fragment

2. The functionalist perspective helps us understand the ______ between different parts of society.
a) Competition
b) Relationship
c) Isolation

3. According to functionalism, each part of society contributes to the ______ of the whole.
a) Disruption
b) Breakdown
c) Maintenance

4. Functionalism views social institutions as ______ parts of the social system.
a) Isolated
b) Dispensable
c) Indispensable

5. The concept of function refers to the ______ of parts to the whole.
a) Separation
b) Integration
c) Isolation

6. The functionalists’ macro theory can also be described as the ‘______.’
a) Micro concept
b) Concept of function
c) Structural theory

7. One benefit of applying the functionalist perspective is that it helps us appreciate the ______ of each part of society.
a) Isolation
b) Contribution
c) Neglect

8. Functionalism encourages us to see social institutions as ______ elements of society.
a) Peripheral
b) Isolated
c) Integral

9. According to functionalism, society has its own ______ needs that must be met for its continuation.
a) Arbitrary
b) Basic
c) Optional

10. Functionalists’ macro theory emphasizes the ______ between societal components.
a) Disconnection
b) Collaboration
c) Isolation

11. Functionalism views society as a ______ system.
a) Chaotic
b) Isolated
c) Interconnected

12. The functionalist approach helps us understand the ______ roles played by different parts of the social system.
a) Insignificant
b) Isolated
c) Significant

13. Applying functionalist theory helps us recognize that society’s components are ______ to its stability.
a) Detrimental
b) Irrelevant
c) Integral

14. Functionalism highlights that societal components contribute to the ______ of the social order.
a) Disruption
b) Breakdown
c) Maintenance

15. Functionalism treats social institutions like family, religion, and education as ______ to the social system.
a) Expendable
b) Essential
c) Insignificant

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