Subject : 

Business Studies 

Term :




Class :


Previous lesson: 

The pupils have previous knowledge of


that was taught as a topic during the last lesson.

Topic :




Behavioural objectives:

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Define punctuality and irregularity?
  • List four ways of ensuring punctuality.
  • Explain what devotion to duty is.
  • Say how devotion to duty affects performance?
  • List the benefits of devotion to duty.



Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks



Week Six



Attitude determines a lot of things. It involves feeling, values, beliefs and disposition that makes individuals act or behave in a certain way. The right attitude will lead to an increase in productivity and a good working environment. The positive way a worker approaches their work with the intention of assisting themselves and humanity is considered to have the right attitude at work. An attitude to work can also be defined as the way or manner in which we do or carry out our duties or work.

Attributes of Right Attitude to Work

  1. Commitment  
  2.  Punctuality  
  3. Consistency   
  4. Honesty
  5. Hard work  
  6. Diligence 
  7. honesty,
  8. Integrity,
  9. Discipline,
  10. Regularity,
  11. Transparency
  12. Faithfulness


Consequences of a Negative Attitude to Work 

  1. Greater Stress
  2. Possibility of Depression
  3. Fear or Anxiety
  4.  Lower productivity or demotivation
  5. Higher rates of absence from work
  6. less team cohesion
  7. low morale.


Rewards of a Right Attitude to Work

  • It enhances relationships with co-workers.
  • It brings happiness.
  • It brings success.
  • It brings respect.
  • Good team spirit
  • Higher rate of production
  • Efficient and effective use of time and other resources
  • Good health


Meanings of Punctuality and Regularity

Punctuality is the quality of being prompt, precise or exact. Punctuality can also mean the quality of doing something at the arranged or correct time. It is the direct opposite of lateness. Regularity means the fact that something is well arranged or arranged in an organized pattern. It also means doing the same thing regularly over time or a thing that has a pattern to it.

Punctuality and Regularity at work are twin concepts as you cannot just be punctual in a day but must be able to be consistently regular.


Attributes of Punctuality and Regularity

  1. Commitment: This is the willingness to work hard and give your energy and time to a job or activity. 
  2.    Interest: Interest is the feeling that you have when you want to know or learn more about something or somebody.
  3. Promptness: This means acting without delay. 
  4. Consistency: This means the quality of always behaving in the same way or having the same standard. Regularity and consistency are closely related.
  5. Self-motivation: A worker who is regularly punctual displays self-motivation to get the job done on time.
  6. Accountability: There is a display of accountability when a worker shows punctuality and regularity. He/she proves he can be accountable when put in positions of authority.


Rewards for Punctuality and Regularity

  1. High performance: A worker who is punctual and regular will display high-performance in his duties. He will develop faster on the job as a result of interest and commitment. This will help to increase his productivity and expertise on the job.
  2. Promotion: The punctual and regular worker stands the chance of being promoted in the establishment. He will be perceived to be a dedicated employee who could be relied upon for results in the discharge of his duties.
  3. A better team player: A regular punctual worker will work with others better. He will perform his/her duties for the good of the organization. He will cooperate with all the other employees to achieve the goals of the establishment.
  4. Devotion to Duty: Devotion is the great love, care and support for something or somebody. Devotion to work is therefore a great love, care and support for what one does as one’s occupation. A devout worker will display attributes that will see him rise to the top of his chosen career.

Effects of Devotion to Duty on Productivity and Development

A devoted worker will increase productivity as he will give his best to his duties. This will lead to mastery of his duties and high performance. This will help personal development.

The wealth of the world will increase as a devoted worker will contribute more to productivity and economic development.

It will prevent wastage of resources. Lack of devotion can lead to the failure of the economy.

All other workers will be challenged when they see the promotion of a devoted worker. This in turn will ensure that all workers imbibe the culture. This will lead to increased productivity and development.






The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




  1. What is punctuality and irregularity?
  2. List four ways of ensuring punctuality.
  3. What is devotion to duty?
  4. How does devotion to duty affect performance?
  5. List the benefits of devotion to duty.





The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.







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