Characteristics of Living Things.



Subject :


Topic :

Characteristics of Living Things.

Class :



Term :



Week :

Week 9


Instructional Materials 

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Online Resource
  • Textbooks

Methods of Teaching 

  • Role modelling
  • Questions and Answers
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Recitation
  • Imitation



Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught

 Plants and animals.

in their previous lesson

Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to



  • Write five differences between plants and animals
  • State the characteristics of living things.






TOPIC: Characteristics of living things.

Content: 1.Characteristics of Living Things

  1. Differences between plants and animals.

Sub-Topic 1: Characteristics of Living Things

Living things can move.

Living things can reproduce.

Living things can feed.

Living things can excrete.

Living things can respire.

Living things can grow.

Living things can be sensitive to stimulus.

Living things can adapt to their environment

Sub-Topic 2: Differences between Plants and Animals

Characteristics Animals Plants
[i] Movement

[ii] Colour


[iv] Feeding

[v] Irritability

[vi]Sense organ

[vii] Excretion

Animals move freely from one place to another

Animal have different colours

Animals have definite shape.

They feed on already prepared food

Animals respond to stimuli very quickly.

Animal have sense organs e. g eye, Nose etc.

Animals have well developed excretory organs for removing metabolic waste.

Do not move freely.

Most animals are green due to chlorophyll

Plants do not have definite shape.

They produce their own food through photosynthesis.

Plants respond to stimuli very slowly.

Plants do not have sense organ.

They do not have excretory organs.


The cell

Cell is the basic unit of life. It is the structural and functional unit of life. Cells may exist as individual living organisms (unicellular organisms) or as group of cells (multicellular organisms).

Types of cells

  1. Animal cell

2 .Plant cell

Plant and Animal cells








The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise







  1. Write five differences between plants and animals
  2. State the characteristics of living things.








Conclusion :

The class teacher does the necessary corrections and he or she goes round to mark .






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