Culture and belief of a community

Subject : 

Civic Education

Term :

First Term


Week 5

Class :

Primary 4 / Basic 4 / Grade 4 /Year 4


Previous lesson : Pupils have previous knowledge of


Values That Are Cherished In The Community


that was taught in their previous lesson


Topic :

Culture and belief of a community


Behavioural objectives : At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • say the meaning of culture
  • explain belief


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks




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What is culture ?

Culture the way of live of a group of people .

Culture is define as the way of life, beliefs, behavior and values of a group of people or society and can be passed from generation to the next.

Culture is the arts, customs, lifestyles, background and habits of a community or nation.



There are two types of cultures:

  1. Material culture: these are physical things that are created by the communities. Examples include: food, fabric, buildings and tools.
  2. Non-material culture: these are part of culture that you cannot touch, feel, taste or hold. Examples social roles, ethics, dance, language, song and beliefs.

Various cultural ethnic tribes  in Nigeria community include:

  1. Efik /Ibibio culture
  2. Edo/Benin culture
  3. Yoruba culture
  4. Igbo culture
  5. Hausa/ Fulani culture

Belief  is define as a way community of people sharing the religious faith. Belief is also an opinion that a person holds to be true, e.g. faith in God.

Types of belief in Nigeria communities include;

  1. Theism: the believe in one or more gods.
  2. Monotheism is the believe that one God exist.
  3. Atheism or non-theism: the beliefs that gods do not exist.





The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.




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1. What is culture ?


2. What is belief ?


3. Mention two types of belief


4. List two types of culture


5. List three ways by which we can show our culture


6. Mention three types of values


7.Mention three religious beliefs in Nigeria


8. What is Monotheism ?


9. What is Atheism ?


10. What are values that sow material culture