Energy Giving Foods Are Carbohydrates

Energy Giving Foods Are Carbohydrates

Subject   :  Agricultural Science


Class  : Basic  3 / Primary 3  / Year 3


Term : First   Term


Week  : Week 3


Topic  :

Energy Giving Foods Are Carbohydrates



Previous Knowledge : The pupils have previous knowledge of

Meaning of Nutritional Food. The Needs For Adequate Diet

that was taught  in their previous lesson.



Behavioural  Objectives : At the end of the lesson , pupils should be able to

  • Say the meaning of Carbohydrates
  • List examples of Carbohydrates



Instructional Materials 

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Online Resource
  • Textbooks
  • Picture showing classes of food
  • Images or Posters displaying healthy children playing around


Methods of Teaching 

  • Role modelling
  • Questions and Answers
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Recitation
  • Imitation
  • Story Telling


Content : 

What are Carbohydrates ? 

Carbohydrates are energy supplying foods. They provide and supply the body with the needed vigour, strength and vitality for the day to day work and play.



What are examples of Carbohydrates ? 

Most Carbohydrates are always appear white in colour although it is not all of them that appear white. The end product of carbohydrate is glucose or sugar.

Examples of carbohydrate foods that appear white are


2. Yam

3. Cassava

4. White Bread

5. White sugar

6. White potatoes

7. Eba

8. Fufu

9. White Àmàlà

10. Tuwo

Note that white Carbohydrates contain less dietary nutrients and should be consumed in moderation or in minimal quantity.

Other types of carbs are

  1. Wheat
  2. Cornflake
  3. Potatoes
  4. Yam
  5. Brown bread






Presentation  : 

The topic is presented step by step

Step 1 : The class teacher revises the old topic

Step 2 : The class teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3 : The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own contributions and gives room for pupils” participation


Class Teacher And Pupils Activities. Interaction or  Participation 

This involves class teacher  and pupils interaction , conversation , imitation or modeling through discussion , play method or just by recitation or asking and answering questions that are related to the topic that has just been taught

  • The class teacher ask the pupils to mention two examples of Carbohydrates
  • A pupil may be asked to are food types into the right food group or division
  • The class teacher may help the young learners to share slices of bread with butter for practical


Good Sources Of Carbohydrate Foods In Nigeria



  1. Carbohydrates give us ____________
  2. It is not all carbs that are good for eaten _________(True / False)
  3. Carbohydrates must be eaten in small quantities _____(True /False)
  4. The last meal of the day eaten at night is known as________
  5. Àmàlà is an example of carbohydrate _________(True /False)
  6. …… what is eaten either liquid or semi solid that is taken to maintain the body growth
  7. The class of food that provides us with the needed energy is called……
  8. The class of food that protects the food from infections is known as…….