Functions of Bones


Topic : Functions of bones

Class : Nursery 1

Term : First Term

Week : Week 5

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Videos


Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of



Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • say the function of joints in our body
  • Mention four joints in our body



Content : 


Joints are the meeting points or bones . They are places where bones meet . This enables free movement in our body or else our body will be stiff and immobile .

Joint is the place in the body where two bones meet. Some joints move and others don’t move.

Moving joints are the ones that help you ride your bicycle, eat your food, play your games. They allow you to twist, bend and move different parts of your body.

Some moving joints, like the ones in your spine, move only a little. JOINTS IN MY BODY

Joints in my elbow


What is a joint?

A Joint is a place in my body where two bones

There is joint in my elbow

There is joint in my shoulders And there is joint in my hips.

There is joint in my wrist

There is joint in my knee




Bones play three key roles in the body. They give our body shape, they work with our muscles to help us move, and they protect our organs and other soft parts of our body.


Think of worms you see on the ground, their bodies are squishy and soft like jelly because they do not have bones. Without bones, we will have squash blobs of skin like worms. Our body will be soft and can be easily crushed when pressed.


Bones can’t move on their own. Our muscles and bones work together like a team to help us move. Our muscles are attached to our bones, so when we move our muscles, our bones move as well.


Our bones act like a shield that protects the softer parts of our body. The bone in our skull, protect our brain like a helmet. Our rib cage—— the bones around our chest and

back protect our heart and lungs.




What do bones do to your body?

Bones give me shape Bones make me move

Bones protect some parts of my body







The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


Evaluation :

  1. What are joints ?
  2. Mention two places that you can find joints in your body

Conclusion :


The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.