Nutritional Deficiency Diseases

 

 

Subject : Agricultural Science

 

Term : Second Term

 

Class : JSS 2

 

Week 6

 

Topic :


Nutritional Deficiency Diseases

 

Farm Animal Diseases/Symptoms of Farm Animal Diseases/Mode of Transmission

The table below shows the name of disease, the causative organism, the animals affected, symptoms, mode of spread and control measures.

S/n Name of
Disease
Causative
organisms
Animals
Affected
Symptoms Mode of spread Control measures
1. Mastitis Bacteria Cattle,
sheep,
goat,
pig
The udder
becomes swollen,
reddened and
painful
Water, food,
injuries on the
udder, milking,
marching
Good hygiene, get
rid of flies, disinfect
milking marching
2. Contagious
abortion
Cattle,
sheep,
goats,
pigs
Irritation,
catarrhal
condition in the
womb
Servicing by
infected
bull, flies,
contaminated
pasture
Vaccination, contact
vet. Doctor.
3. Anthrax Cattle,
sheep,
goats
– Blood stained
discharges from
mouth or nostril
– death
– swelling in the
neck
Contact with
infected
animals & their
products
Vaccination,
disinfect pens, burn
or burry dead
animals.
4. Tuberculosis Cattle,
sheep,
goats,
poultry,
pigs
Persistent cough,
emaciation, death
Contact with
discharge or
sputum of
infected
animals
No treatment. Kill
and burry infected
animals.
Vaccination
5. Fowl typhoid Poultry -Dullness,
-yellowish
discharges
Contact with
infected birds
Vaccination, proper
sanitation
6. Foot & mouth Virus Cattle,
sheep,
goats
Sores on the feet,
lips, foaming,
lameness
Contact with
infected
animals
Vaccination &
isolation
7. Rinderpest
(cattle
plague)
Cattle,
sheep,
goats
Blood stained
diarrhea, grind of
teeth, difficult
breathing
Contact with
infected
animals and
food
No treatment, kill
and burry infected
animals. Vaccination
8. New castle
disease
Poultry Neck twisting,
difficulty in
breathing,
greenish
droppings, soft
egg shell
Contact with
droppings,
and nasal
discharge
Good sanitation,
vaccination with
NDC vaccine
9. Fowl Pox Poultry Blisters on comb
and wattle
Contact with
infected animal,
by biting insects
Vaccination,
Cull infected
birds.
10. Swine Fever Pigs Fever Entire body Vaccination
11. Chronic
Respiratory
Disease (CRD)
Virus/
Bacteria
Poultry Difficulty in
breathing, nasal
discharge, loss in
weight
Contact with
infected
nasal discharge
Good sanitation,
avoid the use
of sawdust.
12. Ring worm Fungus All
animals
& birds
Lesions or scab
on the skin,
falling off of hair,
grey patches on
wattle and combs
of birds
Contact with
infected birds
Treat with iodine,
good sanitation,
isolate infected
birds
13. Scabies Cattle,
goats,
sheep
Itchy little lumps
in the body, sores
with pus, fever
Contact with
infected
animals and
beddings
Good sanitation,
dip animals into
lindane solution
14. Trypanosomiasis Protozoa Cattle,
sheep,
goats,
and
pigs
Weakness, hair
on tail pull off,
loss of condition
Blood stained
watery
droppings,
ruffled feathers,
loss of weight,
death.
Through tsetse
flies’ bite
Treat with
trypanosomide
drug, clear bushes
around pen, kill flies
with chemical
15. Coccidiosis Protozoa Poultry,
rabbits
Contact with
contaminated
feed and water
Good sanitation,
treat with
coccidiostats e.g.
Sulphamethazone

 

Nutritional Deficiency Diseases

S/n Diseases Livestock Cause Symptoms Control
1. Bloat Cattle, sheep,
goats
Feeding on
succulent
pasture
Swollen stomach
Difficult
breathing
Avoid succulent
feed.
Puncture
the rumen
2. Osteomalacia All domestic
animals
Deficiency
of calcium
Weak bones Feed with rich
calcium and
phosphorus
3. Rickets All domestic
animals
Calcium
deficiency
Weak bones Add and
phosphorus to
feed
4. Anaemia All domestic
animals
Deficiency of
Iron (Fe)
Insufficient
blood
Addition of iron
complex to feed
5. Night
blindness
All domestic
animals
Lack of vit. A Inability to see
clearly in dim
light
Feed with
yellow maize

EVALUATION

  1. List four modes of transmission of disease causing organisms
  2. Differentiate between contagious disease and infectious disease and give two examples of each of them.
  3. What are zoonotic diseases?
  4. Name the pathogens that caused the following diseases: (i) Trypanosomiasis (ii) Ring worm (iii) Swine fever (iv) Tuberculosis
  5. Copy and complete the table below:
Name of
Disease
Causative
Organisms
Animals
Affected
Symptoms Mode of Spread Control Measures
Mastitis 2 The udder
becomes
swollen,
reddened
and painful
4 Good hygiene,
get rid of flies,
disinfect
milking
marching
1 3 Blisters on
comb and
wattle
Contact with
infected animal,
by biting
insects
5
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